China After WW II

A)The Civil War

 Why did Mao win?

B)Mao in Power

Step 1- Agriculture:

Step 2- First 5-Year Plan

First Five Year Plan

The first five-year plan of Mao Tse-Tung was put into effect in 1953 and used propaganda such as pamphlets and newspapers to familiarize the people of the new communist China. China, whose plan was based on the Soviet Union’s model of industrialization, was forced to sign agreements with the Soviet Union in 1953 to put their ideas into use. When China purchased Soviet technology to aid in their advancement, production went up to over 41.8% in 1952, while wages were only up 6.9%. However, even though the amount of crops being produced increased, the income of money did not, causing the First Five Year Plan to be a failure.

Step 3 - The 100 Flowers Campaign – 1956

Step 4- The Great Leap Forward – 1958 – 1962

The Great Leap Forward 1958-1960

With the goal of economic and technical development, “The Great Leap Forward” was established by Mao Tse-Tung in 1958, but ended in economic failure. This program set up commune systems that divided families to work on the land as well as send Chinese workers to improve the infrastructure. Throughout 1959, there was an increased rate of starvation in addition to the decline of industrial plants because of a lack of profit motive. After this failure, Mao ordered for the “Great Proletariat Revolution”, which had people abandon capitalistic ideas, ending in chaos and myriad deaths.

Foreign Policy

Step 5- The Cultural Revolution – 1966

Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution 1966-1969

The great proletarian cultural revolution of 1966 was Mao Tse-Tung’s desperate attempt to retain his high power, which was being threatened by those leaders who challenged the soundness of his domestic foreign policies, which emphasized revolutionary action. Mao enlisted the support of the Red Guards, a national organization of young adults who were devoted to upholding Mao’s revolutionary ideas using violence and intimidation as their methods of enforcement. China was plunged into economic, political, and military chaos until order was restored by “revolutionary committees”, bringing to an end the era of violent revolution in China.

Soviet Aid – 1950’s

During the 1950’s the Soviet Union and China developed an alliance between themselves, benefiting to both. The Soviets made major concessions to China, including the abrogation of Soviet privileges in Manchuria. In addition, trade between the bordering nations reached a value of two billion dollars annually. However, the past rivalry between the Soviets and the Chinese surfaced once the Soviets had refused aid in developing nuclear power in China, causing resentment and the breaking of the relationship.

The Sino-Soviet Split

Recognition:

The USA had never recognized Communist China, only Nationalist China (Taiwan). In 1971 Taiwan was replaced in the UN Security Council by Communist China. Ping Pong diplomacy! In 1972 US President Richard Nixon visited Beijing and recognized the country.

China in the 1980’s