Sources


  1. Census 1841 U.K. through to 1881.
  2. Wigan par reg chr 1830-1838. James Arkwright (signed) otp and Alice Parkinson (mark) otp were married in this church by banns 13 Feb 1831...witn Peter Darbyshire & Sam Vizard. have photocopy.
  3. Certified Copy of Death Registration. At 19 High St, age 77, hand loom wvr, of cerebral apoplexy, coma; informant Thomas Arkwright, son, of 107 Standishgate, Wigan. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO.
  4. Census 1911 U.K. transcription sent by Paul Meadow.
  5. England: Civil Reg Index Births. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO.
  6. Certified Copy of Marriage Registration. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO.
  7. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO.
  8. Arkwright, Tom & Peter of Wigan. From files of Thomas and Peter A:
    "Wigan Cemetery Records & Wigan Observer:23 Feb 1918, Thomas Arkwright: 63:Labourer:of 34 Frog Lane buried 26 Feb 1912. Roman Catholic.
    Arkwright-In loving Memory of my dear husband Thomas who died 22 Feb 1912. Not forgotten by his wife & children 34 Frog Lane.".
  9. Census 1841 U.K. through 1861.
  10. Census 1911 U.K. image of original page.
  11. England: Civil Reg Index Births.
  12. Marian Elder, Author.
  13. Edmonton GS cemetery database. George Arkwright 1876 - 17 Feb 1968 Plot 26, 36.
  14. Probate record. named in will of father.
  15. Upholland par reg 1789-1900. p 101 no. 301:...Parish of Wigan parochial Chapel of Holland...1831...William Winnard otp, bachelor and Jane Fairhurst, otp, spinster, were married in this chapel by banns...8th day of February 1831 by W. Bird, curate. William signed, Jane mark. Witnesses William Fairhurst, Edward Talbot.
  16. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO. .
  17. Census 1851 U.K. and through 1911.
  18. Wigan Cemetery Records Index.
  19. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. Jane Arkwright 77 yrs Widow of Thomas Arkwright a Colliery Surface Labourer; cause, Morbus Cordis; No p.m.; certified by C.F. France...Informant Lilian Mason daughter 34 Frog Lane Wigan, 24 May 1927. "Morbus cordis - Means no more than heart disease. Probably used by doctors when they did not know the exact cause of death but were sure it was natural causes. May sometimes mean heart failure.".
  20. Census 1841 U.K. through 1871.
  21. Census 1911 U.K. Madeline Arkwright, 8, bn Wigan. . image of original page. No other details.
  22. England: Civil Reg Index Births. Certified Copy, from Wigan DRO.
  23. 25 Aug 1926: Wainwright Star:
    MORRISON-ARKWRIGHT
    A quiet little wedding took place in Edmonton last week, when Miss Madeline Mary Arkwright of Wainwright, became the bride of Mr. Charles Morrison of Edmonton. The happy couple are sepnding their honeymoon at Jasper Park before returning to reside in the city.
  24. Census 1841 U.K.
  25. Census 1841 U.K. and 1851, 1861, 1871.
  26. Lancashire BMD.
  27. Census 1851 U.K. through 1881.
  28. Cert. Copy of Mar. Reg. 19 Mar 1865 John Meadow 21 bach letter carrier of 13 Lyon St. Wigan father Thomas Meadow shoe maker; & Margaret Fairhurst, 21 sp weaver in cotton mill of New Town Pemberton father James Gobins general laborer. In the presence of us James Gobbins Jane Ashurst. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO.
  29. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. Certified Copy Wigan DRO.
  30. Census 1841 U.K. through 1881.
  31. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. 26 Feb 1888 6 Lyon St Mary Darbyshire female 72 yrs wife of William Darbyshire accountant acute bronchitis...informant John Meadows in attendance (of) 112 Great George St. 27 Feb 1888. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO.
  32. England: Civil Reg Index Births. Certified Copy, GRO, London.
  33. Census 1871 UK.
  34. Speculative. Tom and Peter Arkwright, the noted Wigan researchers for this surname, believed that Thomas's parents were John Arkwright, 1707-1779, and his wife Nancy. However, I believe there are several alternative Arkwright fathers for Thomas, but due to the lack of primary or even circumstantial evidence no one man can be selected at present. .
  35. Estimate.
  36. Arkwright, Tom & Peter of Wigan.
  37. Papist Census of 1767. 70. Wigan. A List of all the Papists in the Town of Wigan, Pemberton ,Aspull,
    Haigh, Ince & Abram in the Parish of Wigan.
    Thos Atrix Age 27 Taylor Resident 23 years
    Thos do S 4 years
    Mary do 6 years.
  38. Papist Census of 1767.
  39. Arkwright, Tom & Peter of Wigan. Thomas Arkwright & Ann Orrell:both Winwick:Banns.Marriage Witnesses:William ???.
  40. Speculative. It is highly speculative to make this Mary Arkwright, who died at or near Orrell in 1800, the mother of this family; however the age fits, and the place. The model of this family is theoretical at this point.

    There is no other known "Mary" married to an Arkwright, of this generation. Mary Naylor, who married James Arkwright in 1758, was born about 1739 and most likely died in 1803: of Orrell; buried 5 May at Upholland. She was most likely the Mary Artricks, widow, listed as a communicant and member of the R.C. congregation at Orrell, in 1803.

  41. Orrell St. James RC Register (C 1774-1778, 1790-1848; M 1847-1848; deaths 1791-1800). 1800 12 Jan Mary Arkwright 85. speculative.
  42. Census 1851 U.K. James Arkwright head widower 74 weaver born Pemberton.
  43. Census 1851 U.K.
  44. Upholland BT 1619-1815. have photocopy.
  45. Upholland par reg 1789-1900. Banns of Marriage between James Arkwright and Ann Webster were published the 4th the 11th and the 18th of August, 1799. James Arkwright otp, batchelor and Ann Webster otp, spinster, were married in this chapel by banns the 19th day of August 1799 by me John Fawel minister;marks; witnesses Thomas Lowe, *Luke Foster. (*witnessed 4 marriages on this page on 2 different dates).
  46. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. 18 Jun 1851 Pemberton; James Arkwright...74 yrs; tailor & weaver; paralysis, 2 wks certified; informant, Robert Arkwright in attendance (of) Pemberton, 19 June 1851. Certified Copy.
  47. IGI. 0094030.
  48. Marriage record.
  49. Speculative. As to the parenthood of Charles Parkinson who m. Mary Foster in 1802, still unproven.
  50. Wigan St John RC reg 1732-1900. Francis Parkinson and Frances Coop.
  51. Wigan par reg mar 1754-1789. By Banns: Charles Parkinson and Jinney Ingham 5 July 1780.
  52. Wigan St John RC reg 1732-1900. Francis Parkison & Frances Coop.
  53. Hindley chapel reg mar 1754-1807. James Parkinson of the township & parish of Wigan batchelor and Mary Foster of same place spinster were married in this Chapel by banns 12 Sep 1802, marks, witnesses James Smith and Wm Chisnall. SLC 1992 have photocopy.
  54. Lancashire Online Parish Clerk. Jas. Parkinson - Age: 68 Abode: Gidlow lane Cause of Death: Cholera Notes: Pd.
  55. Burial Record.
  56. Estimate. based on burial record: age "78" in 1824.
  57. Wigan par reg mar 1754-1789. Henry Foster & Jane Fairclough both of this town were married in this church by bans this 13th day of Nov 1769 by me T. Whitehead; this marriage was solemnized between us (marks) in the presence of Geo: Banks and Daniel Foster (mark). have photocopy.
  58. Cert. Copy of Death Reg., No. 391. 27 Oct 1843 at 2 a.m. Frog Lane in Wigan Mary Parkinson female 63 years wife of James Parkinson weaver; of consumption. X the mark of James Parkinson in attendance Frog Lane Wigan 28 Dec 1843. J. Fairhurst Registrar. Wigan Register Office.
  59. Wigan par reg 1581-1778. August 1746 Thomas Ffairclough & Mary Tyler b of this town married by Mr. Edge curate the 24th day... have photocopy.
  60. Wigan par reg 1581-1778. January 1739 Willm Winnard of Pemberton & Ellen Bradshaw of Orrell, both in this parish married by Mr. Tho. Edge curate 31 day, Lycence. have photocopy.
  61. Marriage Bonds & Licenses for Chester Diocese. "Know all Men by these Presents, that we William Winnard of Pemberton...webster, and Richard Melling of same, webster, are holden and firmly bound...in the sum of 100 pounds...dated the thirtieth day of January in the 13th year of...George the 2nd...1739. The condition of the obligation is such that if there be not _ impediment of precontract, consanguinuity, affinity, or other cause to hinder the marriage of the above bounded William Winnard with Ellen Bradshaw of Orrel...spinster...etc, etc, with consent of parents...shall celebrate the said marriage in the parish of Wigan according to the letters of dispensation to them ...granted.". have photocopy.
  62. Lancashire OPC. There are 2 burials of William Winnards in Orrell/Pemberton; 1 in 1773, 1 in 1776. They are probably William Sr. and Jr. but can't determine which is which:
    1: 27 Aug 1776 St Thomas the Martyr, Up Holland, William Winniard - Abode: Orrell Occupation: Weaver
    2: 1 Sep 1773 St Thomas the Martyr, Up Holland, William Winnard - Abode: Orrell Occupation: Weaver.
  63. Orrell Estate Records. Jno Winnard rent 3 pds 10 s arrears 11/15, csh due 17 May 1813 1.16. E1/B3 Rent Rolls Orrell 1811, 1812, 1813.
  64. Wigan par reg mar 1754-1789. John Winnard and Alice Swift both of Pemberton were married in this church by bans this 14th day of Sept 1766 by me...both X...witn Geo Banks, Robert Marsh. have photocopy.
  65. Probate record. Willl of mother.
  66. Probate record. Speculative: Will of mother Elizabeth (Green) Bradshaw, 1828, bequeaths Ellen Bradshaw, her younger daughter, all her goods and chattels, and a cottage "for five years". Ellen is not named as a minor child in her mother's will, but is younger than her married sister, Ann, born c. 1705. She may have been born later than 1707.
  67. WILL. Copy, 99/04/25: Abstract: James Winnard, late of Pemberton...Yeoman, d. 28 Sep; will proved 29 Nov, 1866. Value under 600 pds. Witness, Thos Marsh of Pemberton, and Sol. Clerk.
    No bequests; standard form will; executors son James Winnard and son-in-law James Gerard; names wife Mary beneficiary during her lifetime; at her death to be divided into 4 parts, for sons William and James, daughter Alice wife of Jas Gerard, and the children of "my late daughter Catherine the wife of Thos Perry. Designated on will as "yeoman"; this probably means he had a freehold title to some property. Does not describe any such property but mentions rentals, and profits from leasehold, ground rent, etc.
    .
  68. Wigan par reg mar 1790-1819. James Winnard of Orrell (signed) and Mary Challoner of Pemberton Aug 17 1807.
  69. Probate record. Will of father, Hugh Heatley (see his source notes).
  70. Quarter Session Records, 1564585; QSP 1103/1. Feb '05: Petition; Wigan, Michaelmas, 1716. - ref. QSP/1103: FILE - Bickerstaffe and Samlesbury - bastardy of Jane Swift and Hugh Heatley, yeoman. - ref. QSP/1103/1 - date: c1716
    C__ Lancr: "Foreasmuch as it appears unto us upon complt. of the Overseers of the Poor of the township of Bickerstaffe in the said county that Jane Swift of Bickerstaffe aforesaid spinster was lately delivered of a male bastard child called Hugh, which is likely to become chargeable to Bickerstaffe aforesaid; and that as well upon the information upon Oath of the said Jane Swift that Hugh Heatley of Samlesbury in the said County, yeoman, is the father of the child; and alsoe upon Oath of Mrs. Gill midwife who was present at her delivery of the said bastard child and in her Extremity saith that she then declared the said Hugh Heatley was the only father of the said bastard child. Wee therefore whose hands and seales are upon hereunder subscribed , two of his Mag'sties Justices of the Peace and Quor__ and for the said County doe hereby adjudge and declare the said Hugh Heatley to be the putative father of the said bastard child and that the same is likely to become chargeable to Bickerstaffe aforesaid and doe hereby order the said Hugh Heatley to pay or cause to be paid to the said Jane Swift the mother, for and towards the charges for Lying In, the sume of thirty shillings; and to pay or cause to be paid unto the churchwarden & overeseers of the poor of Bickerstaffe for and towards the maintenance of the said bastard child the summe of forty shillings p Annum to be paid by four qurarterly paym'ts from the birth of the said child which was on the seventeenth day of this last? September while the said child attain to the age of fourteen years or whilst it shall be chargeable to Bickerstaffe aforesaid; and lastly we do hereby order that the said Hugh Heatley doe upon notice of this order or a true coppy hereof give sufficient security to the Churchwarden and overseers of the Poor of Bickerstaffe well and truly to indemnify the said Town'p from the said bastard child . Given under our hand and seal at a Privy Session held at Ormskirk this 28th Day of December 1716". Signed Henry Brooke, Alex'r Hesketh?; (to?) the Overseers of the Poor of Bickerstaffe.
  71. Quarter Session Records, 1564585; QSP 1103/1. see notes for full text of bastardy order for Hugh, child of Jane Swift and Hugh Heatley.
  72. Wigan par reg 1581-1778. October 1743 Hugh Swift & Ann Sharrock both of Pemberton in this Parish married by Mr. Edge Curate the 18th day. have photocopy.
  73. Wigan parish reg 1778-1812. Hugh sixth son of John Winnerd of Orrell weaver and *Alice daughter of Hugh and Ann Swift, born 11 June chr 25 June 1791. *This entry proves her identity as the daughter of Hugh and Ann (Sharrock) Swift.
  74. Upholland par reg 1789-1900.
  75. Rainford BT 1702-1799. R. John Challinor, R, and Jaen Barrow, Knowsley 1750 Sep 10.
  76. Rainford par reg trans 1702-1812.
  77. Rainford BT 1702-1799.
  78. Rainford par reg trans 1702-1812. William Challinor blacksmith & Catherine Marsh sp btp Wit. Thomas Marsh, James Spencer
    .
  79. Quarter Session Records. 1810 Jan 15, on William Challoner, died suddenly. QSP 2614/126 fhl 1595105.
  80. A2A website. Reference: CR(AB)/1/54 William Challoner 15 Jan 1810 Cause of Death: Natural causes. Wigan Coroners Reports 1804-1840.
  81. Probate record. named in will of husband.
  82. Census 1841 U.K. and 1851.
  83. Lease Indenture for Thomas Marsh (1774). DDK Lease Box 176: Thomas Marsh Manor of Rainford 1774. Thomas Marsh’s lease for Wm. Birchells place; expired June 10 1838.
    Abstract of body of document: “This Indenture made the 5th day of March in the 14th year of ...George... 1774 between Edward the Hon. Earl of Derby...and Thomas Marsh of Rainford...shoemaker...in consideration of the surrender of one indenture of lease of the premises hereinafter mentioned (RN 146) bearing date 26 Aug. 1772 - and was granted unto the said Thomas Marsh for the lives of Jacob Mather, Margaret Mather and Thomas the son of the said Thomas Marsh. Whereas Thomas Marsh the younger is now living; and also of the surrender of one other indenture of of unimproved moss ground (RN 139) hereinafter mentioned as being the life of John Mather. And also of the sum of 50 pds paid by the said Thomas Marsh. [followed by description of the property]...called Middle Hey & the Lower Hey...(RN139 to be enclosed in 1 year)...lying in Rainford...and now in the tenure of Thomas Marsh or assignees...the said Thomas Marsh for the lives of the afsd Thomas Marsh aged 23 years, John aged 20 years and Catherine aged 16 years...yearly rent of 9 s....James Waring and Daniel Ally to enforce terms.”
    Side Panel: “Man. of Rainford Thomas Marsh fine 50 pds. rent 090 Dog and Coop kept; 2 added in R146, 3 lives in RN 139.”
    Other side: “Be it remembered that on 2 Oct 1780 peaceable possession of the within named Premises was then taken and had by one James Wareing one of the attornies...and the like possession with Livery and saisin was at the same time by him delivered over to the within named Thmas Marsh. To hold the same until the said Thomas Marsh his heirs and assignees according to the purport and true intent and meaning of the within deed”. John Poole.
  84. WILL. Will of Thomas Marsh late of Liverpool Shoemaker proved 19 Apr 1796, made 10 March 1796...very sick...to my son Thomas...2 houses in Manistye Lane near bottom of Hanover Street Liverpool...and the desk stand in the parlour...my son John that house in Trueman Street to them and their ears (sic)...unto my three daughters Alice Betty and Cathren...20 pds apiece...the interest of 300 pds...my five children, 2 sons and 3 daughters...John Pinington of Liverpool and Robert Ellison of Eccleston Execs...signed Thomas Marsh. Witnesses Isabel Chesworth, Henry Sephton, Ann Bell.
  85. Lease Indenture for Thomas Marsh Sr. 1729 (DDGe). Added later to this document: "Feb 2 1757 recd from Sir Thos Gerard from Ed'd Cullen 94 pds 10 s in full satisfaction for surrender of this lease...for my interest in this ten'mt in Billinge" signed Thomas Marsh; witnesses Wm. Marsh, Ann Marsh.
  86. Bankes of Winstanley. Queries - as to the lives in Thos Marsh: Lease in being. c. 1760: list of tenants at Winstanley; queries as to the status of the leases.
  87. Bankes of Winstanley. 1772: Winstanley: [note on page] incumbent Thomas Marsh aged 55 years.
  88. Wigan par reg 1581-1778. Dec 1739 Tho: Marsh & Catherin Walthew both of Billinge in this parish married by Mr. Badwin curate the 27th day. photocopy.
  89. Lease Indenture for Thomas Marsh. for the lives of...Catherine [Marsh] aged 16 years...
  90. Probate record. Named in the will of her grandfather William Walthew, made in 1765.
  91. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. Certified Copy, Wigan DRO. Upon her death, the Marsh family's leasehold property in Rainford reverted back to the Stanley (Lord Stanley, Earl of Derby) estate. She was the last "life" in the lease.
  92. Lancashire OPC. Catharine Chaloner - Age: 80 yrs Abode: Orrell  Buried by: Wm Ellam.
  93. Wigan par reg mar 1775-1803 n. Peter Fairhurst and Nancy Leasetter both of Orrell by banns 25 Nov 1782; marks; witn. James Latham (only mar that day and this witness did not witness other adjacent marriages). have photocopy.
  94. Wigan par reg mar 1790-1819. John Fairhurst and Mary Ashurst both of Orrell, banns, 8 Oct 1810, marks. witnesses Wm Banks, Wm Crompton.
  95. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. 281: 11 June 1863 at 27 Top Croft, Hallgate; John Fairhurst male 75 yrs coal miner of natural decay, certified; informant Mary Fairhurst present at death of 27 Top Croft, Hallgate; reg 11 June 1863. Certified Copy.
  96. Wigan par reg 1721-1754/1778n. John Leacester and Ann Ascroft both of Pemberton banns 25 Feb 1754. Have photocopy.
  97. Wigan par reg 1721-1754/1778n. Ellen first dr William Crook of Orrel, husb. & Ann, dr [daughter of] William & Elizabeth Ascroft... Wigan All Sts. Christenings, 1778-1812, named the maternal grandparents, in most cases.
  98. Quarter Session Records. Petition Ormskirk: Midsummer 1753 - ref. QSP/1685 FILE - Pemberton to Orrell. Order for removal of Joseph Ashurst, *Ann his wife and Betty and Peggy their children - ref. QSP/1685/10 - date: 1753 22 May

    Abstract:
    Complaint being made...to us...Justices of the Peace...BY the churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the township of Pemberton...that Joseph Ashurst *Jane* his wife and Betty and Peggy their children, poor persons and now actually chargeable to Pemberton...lately come to reside there and do not farm 10 pds a year, neither have done or performed any other matter or thing whereby they have gained any legal settlement there. Now upon hearing the said complaint...and a full hearing of the defence by the Overseers of the poor of ...Orrell...we do adjudge the said complaint to be true...and declare the said Joseph Ashurst (etc) to be poor and now actually chargeable to Pemberton aforesaid and that their last legal settlement was in Orrell...(we) require (the overseers of poor of Pemberton) to remove and convey said Joseph Ashurst (etc) and them deliver to the churchwardens or overseers of the poor of Orrell (who) are likewise hereby required to receive and provide for them...herein fail not at your Peril. 22 May 1753. signed J. Blackburne, Thos. Patten, Peter Atherton. *Index for QS gives wife's name as Ann but the actual petition gives correct name: Jane.

  99. Wigan par reg 1721-1754/1778n. Sep 1750: Banns: Joseph Ashurst & Jane Blackhurst both of Pemberton in this Parish Married : Mr. Cawley Curate the 22nd day.
  100. Census 1841 U.K. Thomas Ashust 80 Nailmaker bn Lancs (at Lane Endes?).
  101. Lancashire OPC. Thomas Ashurst - Orrel Ann Wilson - (X), Orrel Witness: John Melling; Gerd. Bancks Married by Banns by: Thos. Whitehead.
  102. Census 1841 U.K. Mary Fairhurst, "45", bn Lancs. lds 0306909; at "end of Buckleys Houses", Swinley Ward.
  103. Census 1861 U.K.
  104. Cert. Copy of Death Reg. 370: 16 July 1863 at 27 Bottom Croft, Hallgate; Mary Fairhurst, fem, 73 yrs, widow of John Fairhurst, a collier; of apoplexy, a short time, certified; Informant M. Fairhurst present at the death, of 27 Bottom Croft, Hallgate, Wigan; 16 July 1863. Certified Copy.
  105. Lancashire OPC. Anne Ashurst - Age: 77 Abode: Orrell.
  106. 1849664 Ormskirk Parish Register (photocopy original register). #987: John Meadow of this parish and Betty Howard otp married in this church by banns this 29th day of December...1806 by James Stanley Vicar...JM signed, BH mark. Witnesses Ed'd Hunter, Jno Hankin. have photocopy.
  107. Bond: Chapel Schoolmaster. See Thomas Howard his son for text.
  108. Scarisbrick Rents and Boons. Robert Howard appears as a tenant and holder of land at Scarisbrick in this and associated rent lists, appearing after 1745 and before 1755; then continuously until 1776 when records end.
  109. Liverpool St. Nicholas par reg 1659-1776, lds93832. Robert Howard [occ] Taylor and Isabel Grayson sp'r.
  110. Probate record. Will of father-in-law William Fairclough; named as husband of daughter Mary, and as executor.
  111. Bond: Chapel Schoolmaster. abstract:
    Bond: for 40 pds: Robert Howard of Scarisbrick, tailor, Thomas his son, and William Blundell of Scarisbrick, yeoman to Robert Watkinson, Henry Culshaw, James Fisher, James Blundell, James Watkinson, of Scarisbrick, yeomen - T.H. to be School-master of the Free School of Scarisbrick, and to teach 20 poor children, according to the will of James Carr. 8 Jan.
  112. Scarisbrick Rents and Boons. Thomas appears as a tenant in c. 1765; deleted in c. 1771.
  113. Ormskirk Parish Register (2). Thomas Howard otp & Mary Fairclough spinster otp; witn Hugh Howard, John Howard; banns read 27 July 3 Aug 10 Aug; mar by banns by: Will Knowles Vicar. p 151 entry 605. Note: witness, Hugh Howard: brother?.
  114. Quarter Session Records, QSP/1378/15. "Ormskirk, Easter, 1734 - Tarleton and Liverpool - settlement of Isabel Grayson.
    Removal order for Isabel Grayson...complaint being made by the...overseer of Tarleton...in Croston..that Isabell Grayson a poor person is lately come out of... Liverpool, the place of her legal settlement...hath gained no legal settlement [in Tarleton]...to be removed...6th April 7th year of Geo II. (1734).". NOTES: Isabel married Robert Howard at Liverpool, 12 May 1734, one month after the removal order was issued. Their son, Hugh, was baptized at Tarleton a month after the marriage; but was still baptized under Isabel's maiden name: indicating that the cleric who performed the baptism knew that Hugh was born before the marriage.
  115. Estimate. Speculative that Isabel is the daughter of John Grayson of Tarleton, but I believe it is very likely.
  116. Papist Census of 1767. William Fairclough farmer 70 lived in town 40 years.
    Ann " wife 64 do
    John ' son 30 born in town
    Jane Moss servant 17 born in town. taken at Scarisbrick.
  117. Papist Census of 1767. Mary Howard, wife of Thomas; 22; born this town. taken at Scarisbrick.
  118. Probate record. Will of father, 1783; named as wife of Thomas Howard.
  119. Papist Census of 1767. William Fairclough farmer 70 lived in town 40 years.
    Ann " wife 64 do
    John ' son 30 born in town
    Jane Moss servant 17 born in town.
  120. Lancashire OPC. Willm. Barton - (X), of Orrel Martha Melling - (X), of Orrel Witness: Gerd. Bancks; John Melling, (X).
  121. Census 1851 U.K. James Barton, head, mar, 65, stone miner bn Billinge.
  122. Wigan par reg mar 1790-1819. James Barton & Martha Marsh both of Winstanley 4 Jan 1808.
  123. Speculative. Marriage record states "of Winstanley".
  124. IGI.
  125. Wigan par reg 1721-1754/1778n. Thomas Melling of Winstanley & Catherine Eaton of Billinge m 1st day... seen at Wigan HS Apr 2008.
  126. Speculative. Marriage record states "of Billinge".
  127. Lease Indenture for Thomas Marsh. "5 March 1774...and now in the tenure of Thomas Marsh or assignees...the said Thomas Marsh for the lives of the afsd Thomas Marsh aged 23 years, John aged 20 years and Catherine aged 16 years...yearly rent of 9 s....James Waring and Daniel Ally to enforce terms.". Thomas Marsh aged 23 years: means he was born between March 1750 and March 1751.
  128. Probate record. Will of father, 1796; and will of grandfather William Walthew made in 1765.
  129. Wigan par reg mar 1754-1789. Tho: Marsh & Alice Lowe both of Billinge were married in this church by banns this 22 day of May 1775. have photocopy.
  130. Lease Indenture for Thomas Marsh. named as one of the 3 lives; but deceased by June 10 1838.
  131. Speculative. I have theorized that Charles Lowe Jr. and Alice Lowe are siblings, because they married siblings: Alice and Thomas Marsh. They may not be related.
  132. Lancashire OPC.
  133. Probate record. Probate: Died intestate; administration granted for estate of John Bradshaw of Pemberton yeoman; to Elizabeth Bradshaw (widow) of Pemberton and *James Green of Orrell, linen webster. Admon granted 10 Feb 1726/7; Inventory taken Jan 7th 1726/7; value appears to be modest, probably less than 40 pds.
  134. Wigan par reg 1581-1778. John Bradshaw and Elizabeth Green of Pemberton. have photocopy.
  135. Mitchell, Returns of Papists Dioc. of Chester 1705. at Pemberton: Wm Green, webster.
  136. Probate record, fhl 88647. 1717: Green William of Pemberton linen weaver...admon...Ann Green, widow of late William ...signed by Ann Green and James Green. Inventory taken 29th Sep 1716 by Thomas Taylor, Jeremy Taylor and John Blinkhorn. 144 pds. Administration.
  137. Probate record.
  138. Probate record. 1717: Green William of Pemberton linen weaver...Ann Green, widow of late William. Admon of husband William Green 1717.
  139. Lancashire Papist Estates Vol III (RSL&C vol 117). "English Catholic Non-Jurors of 1715"; Estcourte and Payne; LRO:
    HEATLEY, Hugh; of Samlesbury, yeoman, son of James and *gson Hugh* etc etc. see notes.
  140. Lancashire Papist Estates Vol III. see notes.
  141. Escourt and Payne, English Catholic Non-Jurors 1715. English Catholic Non-Jurors of 1715; Estcourte and Payne; LRO:Heatley, Hugh; of Samlesbury, yeoman, son of James and gson Hugh; leasehold; 4 pds 5 s; ...His mother was Alice Heatley; m Ann ___; died young...will 6 May 1723...".
  142. Catholic Record Society, Samlesbury RC Church Reg (Vol 23). 1723 16 Feb Hugo Heatley maritus Annae Heatley, Pater Jacobi, Samsbury.
  143. Escourt and Payne, English Catholic Non-Jurors 1715. His (Hugh Heatley) mother was Alice Heatley...(see Hugh's sources for full text).
  144. Speculative. Henry and James Swift, both of Bickerstaffe, were probably related but not as father and son. Swift of Bickerstaffe is postulated as their father but the relationship may not have been as siblings.
  145. Ormskirk par reg transc 1678-1698 (lprs M24). married by license.
  146. Ormskirk par reg transc 1626-1678 (v 98 lprs). Hugh Spenser & Ann Holden.
  147. Hawkshead Talbot of Chorley, 10/1/2. at Coppull: [for] Edward Dicconson: Thomas Garstang, P [pike]. "A List of Lieut. Faringtons Company taken at Preston June the 18 '72...[lists] "soules"; against a matched list of "souldiers".
  148. Hearth Tax. In the 1663-1665 Hearth Tax, a Thomas Sharrock is listed at Chorley; in the 1673 Hearth Tax: Thomas Garstang, 1 hearth, closely adjacent to Richard Wareing, and not far from Edward Dicconson. No Sharrocks are listed. (http://www.lancashirehistory.org.uk/hearth_tax_1673.htm). All indications are that Thomas Garstang alias Sharrock changed his surname from Sharrock to Garstang, at or near the time of his first marriage, in 1665. The reason for the change is unknown, to date (July 2012).
  149. Standish par reg 1560-1900 mf original records lds 1526140, 1526141. Marriage: 5 Nov 1665 St. Wilfrids, Standish Thomas Garstang - Margaret Farclough - Register: Marriages, P 1, No 9 Source: LDS#1526140.
  150. WILL. Will states "Sharrock, Thomas, of Lower Brough*, Chorley"; however information obtained from local source indicates that the place was probably Lower Burgh, in Coppull, Standish. Boundaries may have been confused.
  151. A2A website. Recognizance rolls - ref. QSB/1 FILE - Recognizance Roll: Ormskirk, Easter, 1641 - ref. QSB/1/246 - date: 1641 item: STANDISH -- Ralph Standish of the Bowling Greene, yeoman, to keep the peace to Ann wife of Henry Fairclough - ref. QSB/1/246/39 - date: 1641. Lancashire Record Office.
  152. Probate record. Admon and Inventory, infra, 1689 indicates his wife was Alice (sole executor).
  153. Croston BT mar 1685-1691. sidebar: George Ffoole Oct 12 1686: George Ffoole & Eliz: Guest both of Chorley were married at Croston with banns. have photocopy.
  154. Probate record. Will of grandfather.
  155. Probate record. Will of son-in-law George Fool; tentatively identified.
  156. Probate record. Administration and Inventory for Elizabeth Fool dated 4 Jany 1712: ...Gulielmus Fool de Chorley husband...et Annam Fool De (blank) eodem..? ? (Latin form document)... die mensis May 1712:
    The condition of this obligation is such that if the above-bounden William & Ann Fool ...adm's of all the singular ? and goods chattels & credits of Elizabeth Fool late of Chorley their late mother deceased do make or cause to be made a true & ? Inventory of all the singular goods Chattels & credits of the said deceased, whc have or shall come to the hand possession or knowledg of the said adm's or unto the hands or possession of any other person or persons for their use, and the saem so made to exhibit or cause to be exhibited into the B? Registry at Chestr abovesaid for the thirtieth? day of October next ensuing ye date above-written. The same goods chasttels & credits & all other ye goods chattels & credits fo the deceased, at the time of her death which at any time after shall come the the hands or possession of the said admin's or into the hands or possession of any other person or persons for the use, do well ch?ly administer according to law; and further do make or cause to be made a ? acct of the ad? at or before the thirieth day of May which shall be in the year of our lord 1713. And all the rest & residue of the said goods chattels & credits which shall be found remaining on sd ? acct, the same being then examined and allowed of by the judge or judges for the ? bring of this to court?, shall deliver ...unto such person or persons resectively as the siad judge or judges by his or their decree or sentence (pursuant to the true intent and meaning of an act of parlien't...an act for the better settling?/selling intestate Estates) shall commit and appoint. And if it shall hereafter appear that any last will & testament was made by the deceased, and the executor or executors herein named do exhibit the same into the court, making request to have it allowed and proved accordingly, if the letters of admin &N apporgbation of such testam't to be void, and of none ? or ? to remain in full force & vissue? signed by William Foole, Ann Fool (mark of an A).
    Sealed and delivered ...Richard Sergeant, Benj: Edmundson.
    Inventory taken May 11 1712 by Thomas Wasley and Thomas Walles?; totalling 23-15-0. Administration made January 1712.
  157. Upholland par reg 1600-1789. Jan 1657 Richard Choner and Jane Rutter both otp the 15th. have photocopy.
  158. Recusants in Wigan 1682. at Winstanley: Marsh, Margaret ux Willi (hw) [his widow?]. Speculative: Thomas is known to have had mother Margaret Marsh.
  159. NWCHS, Papist Census of 1705 ("Returns of the Papists for the Diocese of Chester 1705"). His widow and son listed but he is not listed.
  160. Christine Ackers, Lancashire Wills Index (Catholic Family History Society CD). Will of Richard Mather: indirectly: "daughter Margaret Marsh wife of Thomas".
  161. Lease Indenture for Thomas Marsh Sr. 1729. Box VIII; Billinge Leases: FILE [no title] - ref. DDGE(E) 1580-1583 - date: 1661-1729 DDGE(E) 1580 Dec. 3rd 1729 To Thomas Marsh -- Tenement near Brow [sic: Brown) Heath.
  162. Escourt and Payne, English Catholic Non-Jurors 1715. 97: Marsh, Thomas of Winstanley, yeoman; leasehold estate there and at Windle.
  163. Lancashire Papist Estates Vol III. Winstanley: Thomas Marsh of Winstanley, yeoman for his life, and Margaret his mother, from Sir Wm. Gerard of Bryn.
  164. NWCHS, Papist Census of 1705. Winstanley: Wm Jameson Wid. Marsh Thomas Marsh Robt Rothwell John Rothwell [all] poor.
  165. Bankes of Winstanley. Court Books Manor of Winstanley 1718-1729.
  166. LPRS, Wigan par reg 1676-1710 (V 153). Thomas Marsh of Winstanley and Margt Mather "not in BT: placed at end of month".
  167. WILL. notes: Marsh Thomas at Winstanley at Winstanley yeoman 1733 12 June - admin granted to Margaret Marsh. William Marsh and Thomas Marsh executors. Will made 11 Jan 1732 [1732/33].
    William Marsh my oldest son - property; sons John and Thomas, inherit leases to land; oldest daughter Elizabeth; wife Margaret. seen at LRO May 2008: WCW; digital images all except page 3.
  168. Christine Ackers, Lancashire Wills Index. Marsh Thomas of Winstanley, yeoman, 1733; Papist Est.1st Roll WCW.
  169. Lancashire Papist Estates Vol III. Preston, 1993: from Lancs Papist Estates, 1717: at Winstanley, Thomas Marsh of Winstanley, yeoman for his life, and Margaret his mother, from Sir Wm. Gerard of Bryn. Also noted: English Catholic Non-Jurors of 1715; Preston CRO: Marsh, Thomas; at Winstanley; yeoman; leasehold estate there and at Windle.
  170. Billinge History Society. Mather Family History .
  171. Billinge History Society. Mather family history.
  172. NWCHS, Papist Census of 1705. Billinge: Ricd & John Mather, Yeomen.
  173. LPRS, Wigan par reg 1676-1710. Margaret Mather of Billinge, widow.
  174. Christine Ackers, Lancashire Wills Index. Will of Richard Mather of Billinge, yeoman 1734: Mararett [sic] Marsh wife of Thomas, daughter, bene. Source: 1715 non-jurors; LRO Ref. WCW.
  175. Upholland Court Rolls, Box 6; 1686. Walthew ad Roby: Admission of Adam Walthew, eldest son and John Walthew, sons of James Walthew, dec'd and Grace his wife. Text in Latin.
  176. Upholland Court Rolls, Box 30. 1651: see Ellen Walthew.
  177. Upholland Court Rolls, Box 30. 1682 2 May: Interpreted as the surrender by Jacobus Walthew, yeoman, of his hereditaments, land and property, unless his debt of 45 pounds, or 6 pounds on account, be paid. Names his children.
  178. Probate record. Speculative:. His brother Peter names his brother Adam and his nephew William, both of Upholland. It is therefore likely that Adam was married at some time.
  179. Upholland Court Rolls, Box 6. 1686: Walthew ad Roby: Admission of Adam Walthew, eldest son and John Walthew, sons of James Walthew, dec'd and Grace his wife. Text in Latin.
  180. Wigan par reg 1581-1778. Sep 19th William Walthew & Alice Atherton. have photocopy.
  181. LPRS, Warrington par reg 1653-1680 (Vol 95). Thomas Atherton to Katteren Rosbotton all by Mr. Marsden (3 other marriages same day). no residence given.
  182. Warrington St. Elphins, 1592-. see photocopy.
  183. LPRS, Winwick par reg 1621-1660 bk (Vol 113). John Rosbotham and Elizabeth Strange 11 July 1642. IGI has John's surname as: RASLETHAM.
  184. Marriage Licenses for Chester Diocese, V 61 1639-1644. 1641 June 24 John Rosbotham and Elizabeth Strange parish of Winwick, Lan; spinster; at Winwick.
  185. Probate record. Named in mother's will.
  186. WILL. of Elizabeth Rossbotham proved 1764.
  187. Wigan par reg 1721-1754/1778n. Banns: Wm Ascroft & Elizab'th Melling both of Upholland in this parish by Mr. Baldwin Curate the 6th day.
  188. IGI. two christenings: one to Edward, 1705; one to Richard, 1707.
  189. Probate record. ...Robert Ashurst of Upholland 1670...deceased March 7 1669...taken May...by James Marshall, Richard Leigh, Thomas Howatt, Edward Howatt and Humphrey Taylor. Total value of inventory, 229 pds 19 s 8 p: a fair estate. Inventory only.
  190. Orrell Court Rolls. tentative identification; named in list of tenants, 1736.
  191. Wigan PR 1580-1721. Tho: Ashurst of Orrell and Eliz: Hill of Warrington.
  192. Quarter Session Records. Ormskirk, Midsummer, 1661. - ref. QSP/211 FILE - Wigan -- persecution of Thomas Blackhurst by his uncle Stephen Platt in the trade of tallow chandling. - ref. QSP/211/1 - date: c1661...The humble petition of Thomas Blackhurst of Wigan Sheweth: That ? yo'r petitioner (having for the space of sixteen years last past and upwards followed ye industry and calling of a tallow chandler within ye Borough of Wigan being herein by a right and instructed by his mother during her life (who died about foure yeares since She having followed used and excercised ye same calling for the space of thirty yeares last past before her death within ye said burrough; and since her death ? your petitioners unckle Stephen Platt now ? of his esorate?? ?? (hereupon ?) following the same calling in whose service by reason of the smallness of his wages your petitioner could scaresely provide himself of sufficient apparrell) hath of late (for a ?? competent maintenance) endeavoured to followe the said calling or industry of a tallow chandler of himselfe within ye said borrough hoping thereby to obtaine a poore livelyhood without being ? ible ?? or chargeable to the Towne or Parish of Wigan above. Nevertheless? the said Stephen Platt not ignorant of the pltiff? hath out of meare malice and hatred agt. the petitioner combined himselfe with one Raph Woodhouse of Preston and he together with the said Woodhouse have threatened to indict?/ the petitioner att this Session for following the said calling and to cause hime to bee fined for the time? past? and totally Inhibited and peremptorily ordered from following the same in the future and to that end and purpose ? warned your petitioner to appeare before your worship at this same sessione hoping and hereby endeavouring wholly to robb and deprive your petitioner of his said livelyhood to his utter? and manifest ruine and br?dinge to his great chardge and experi? by their malitious...Your petitioner humbly praieth etc etc ... Your Worships will bee pleased to refer... unto the order determnation judgment of the court ...within and for the above Burrough of Wigan etc etc... and your petitioner will ever pray signed Thomas Blackhurst.
  193. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar (http://www.wiganworld.co.uk/stuff/leet). Box 1. Roll 17 Michaelmas Leet 1661 Oct 5th; Petitions &c. Petition of Thomas Blackhurst "having Naither Father not Mother to help him in any way for his livly hood" and wishing to be a chandler, asked to be made free - sworn 26 Oct 1661.
    Roll 52: 1683 Michaelmas:
    ...And that Tho: Blackhurst did abuse Steaven Platt in many foule and approbrious words... we fine him 12 d. and doe order him to find ....his good behaviour...(next page) And that the said Tho. Blackhurst did the like upon Steaven Platt's daugr - ... Wee fine him Jn 12d And that the said Tho. Blackhurst did the like upon Gerard Fford...we fine him ??. And that the said Tho. did the like upon Anne ye wife of Garard Fford ...we fine him ??. Thomas Blackhurst appears 12 times in this calendar between 1659 and 1683, twice when appointed as a "gate waiter" and 10 times for various misdemeanors such as assault, abuse, playing bowls on Sunday, letting his swine wander, etc.
  194. Wigan PR 1580-1721. Thomas Blackhurst and Mary Cadwicke.
  195. Wigan par reg 1721-1754/1778n. Banns: Rich'd Blackhurst of this towne and Marg't Fflittcroft of Aspull were married b Mr. Baldwin the 11th November. SLC '06 (verification).
  196. Wigan BT 1600-1749. Banns Rich Blackhurst of this town & Marg Flittcroft of Aspull - the 11th.
  197. Kirkham par reg v 83, Kirkham parish records. 12 Jan 1632 Jhn. Howarth & Eliz. Pickeringe
    . No subsequent christenings or burials to this couple, or any Howard entries at all in Kirkham parish register.
  198. N Meols par reg transc 1594-1812. 2 suitable burials for John "Howerd": 15 Dec 1680 and 22 Dec 1682. Either could belong to this man.
  199. Lancashire OPC. North Meols - Marriages - 30 Jan 1696 Hugh Howorth & Ann Ball.
  200. Quarter Session Records. QSP 436/30 7 May 1675...Thomas Keaquicke one of the overseers of the poore of Ormskirk...made complainte unto and according to ye statute in that case? made and provided that ? John Grayson with his wife and childen ? within 40 days now last be Inhabitt and dwelling Towne afforsd and hath not taken [or] found any lands or tenements of yearly value of four pounds nor hath given sufficient security tht they shall not become chargeable upon ye inhabitants of these --d givers? and my hand and soule this 7th day of May anno dom 1675...before me Tho: Horrox...to be removed to Burscough.
  201. Estimate. Date and place of birth speculative.
  202. Speculative. John's place as a child in this family is highly speculative.
  203. Lancashire OPC. John Grayson - of Tarleton Cicilie Johnson - of Tarleton Married by banns.
  204. Quarter Session Records. QSP 436/40 1675: Petition of Ann Grayson of Ormskirk, Widow: That Ye Pet.'s husband tooke a lease for three lives, whereof two are living, of Silvester Ascroft, of a house and yard upon Greepy Hill in Ormskirk - and hath already payd fower pound in parte of ye fine they agreed for, and layed out fower pounds more towarde the rebuildinge and amending? the said house, and yr petitioner is to pay three pounds more upon St. Martin's Day next, the last part of the sayd fine. And that yr petitioner hath enjoyed ye said house quietly since the third of May last according to ye agreement with sd Ascrofte. May it therefore please ye good worship to grant...and order that - petitioner may have a quiet settlement in Ormskirk afsd or that she may have the moneys that hath been payd and layed out in repairs of ye said house, either reimbursed her by sd. Ascroft or ye overseers of ye Poor of Ormskirk afsd and then...ever pray...the former under Oath. Notes: A removal order, from Ormskirk to Burscough, for John Grayson and his wife and family was made on the 7th May 1675. John died about 3 weeks later and was buried 4th of June 1675. This petition by John's widow seems to be made in rebuttal to that removal order. .
  205. Lancashire OPC, Standish St. Wilfred C.E. Henry Fartclough of Standish & Elizabeth Howcroft? of Standish.
  206. Blackburn par reg. Sep 19 John Foole & Elizabeth Boulton.
  207. Probate Index. Probated 1631, see Notes for John.
  208. Lancashire OPC. 21 Jan 1594 Miles Bolton Issabell Rydiall.
  209. Burnley parish reg 1562-1653 (English Parish Records (6) Blackburn and Leyland Hundreds).
  210. Burnley parish reg 1562-1653. Elizabethe dau. of Miles Bolton 24 Jun 1596.
  211. Lancashire OPC. 9 Sep 1627 Hugh Kinsley and An Wastley of Chorley, w’th banes.
  212. Speculative. putative projenitor of this line.
  213. Chorley par reg 1549-1821.
  214. Chester, Lanc Probate Index.
  215. A2A website. Brooke Estates FILE [no title] - ref. DDHK 5/2/43 - date: 1607/8 [from Scope and Content] Petition to Richard Sherburne from two of his tenants, John Melling and Richard Haydock, concerning church pews, under the arbitration of Richard Wastley, Edmond Pollard, *William Liptrot and Thurstan Hodgson with William Chorley.
  216. Hearth Tax. 1664 Hearth Tax at Langtree (Standish):
    Thos GUEST; 3 hearths.
  217. Standish par reg 1560-1900. Thomas Geast & Anna Rigby. Seen in April 1999 and read as RIGBY: need to recheck; transcription gives BYBBY.
  218. WILL, fhl 0089562.
  219. Upholland Court Rolls, Box 30. Abstract: ...that James Walthew of Walthewe Green in Upholland...yeoman did hold by coppy of Court Rowle dated 19 July, 21st year of...King James of England...[1624]...ye 6th and fifteenth...one messuage and tenement ...and customary to him and his heirs...according to the customes of the said manor of the yearly rate of 9 pence...and that the said James Walthew did lykewise hold coppy of a: Rowle dated 19th May in the seven and thirteenth? or thirtieth? year [probably 37th year] of the reign of Queen Elizabeth of England [1595] a certaine parcel of land ...by rent of 5 shillings...[details of land holdings]...by dyed thereof poized [possessed?] not having any heires males then living, by reason whereof we now find that Ellen Walthew wife of William Walthew the younger of Walthewe Greene...yeoman...being eldest daughter to the said James is his true and lawful heir thereunto by default...bee admitted tenant...to her and her heirs...upon the monthly rent and services yielding and now paying 10 pds 12 s 5 p ...being one years rent...and that afterward...the said William Walthew and Ellen Walthew his wife she the sd Ellen being lately and ....by ye steward of the said?...and in full...did surrender into the hands of the Lord of the Manor...unto and behoofe of James Walthew sonne and heir apparent of the sd William and Ellen...his heirs and assignees...bee admitted tenant and thereupon proclamation... 1651.
  220. Probate record. Will of James Walthew, 1649: has an eldest daughter, Ellen, wife of William Walthew to whom he leaves the bulk of his estate.
  221. Upholland Court Rolls, DDHi Box 30. Abstract: James Walthew of Walthew Green yeoman did hold by copy...dated 19 July 21st yeare of King James [1624]...one messuage and tenement...according to the customs of the said manor at the yearly rate of 9 pence...likewise [held] copy of C. Rowle [court roll] dated 19 May [1595]...5 s...but dyed therof possessed...not having any heires males then living, by reason whereof we now find that Ellen Walthew wife of William Walthew the younger of Walthew Greene...yeoman...being eldest daughter to the said James is his true and lawful heir thereunto by default...[William and Ellen] be admitted tenant...to her and her heirs...upon the monthly rent and services...10 pds 12 s 5 p being 1 years rent...afterward the said William Walthew and Ellen Walthew his wief...did surrender into the hands of the Lord of the Manor...unto the ...behoofe of James Walthew sonne and Heir apparent of the sd William and Ellen his heires and assignees...be admitted tenant... 1651: Indenture admitting Ellen, daughter of James Walthew dec'd, and wife of William Walthew; which admission was immediately passed to James Walthew, son and heir apparent of William and Ellen.
  222. Probate record. Will of James Walthew 1649.
  223. Probate Index. Admon and inventory made 1 Dec 1647.
  224. LPRS, Winwick par reg 1563-1620 bk (Vol 109). Thomas Strange and Margerye Lowe.
  225. Burial Record. of widow Margery Strange in Nov. 1655.
  226. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. Roll 3: Court held on Saturday 18th June 1636. 12 Chas I: Stephan Platt panner and Henry Blackhurst husbandman, assault.
    Deciphered from original document: 1636 18 June Roll 3 Willm Hill: ...Stephene Platt app..for Henerie Blackhurst husbandman Insult et Affr? ...indict ? ? fined 20 s? ...Henricus Blackhurst husbandman too? cons? in upon? Stephen Platt ide ? Laurence Fatet? Geoffe ? et ?? fined ? . Original document seen at Leigh Archives April 2008.
  227. Croston par reg 1545-1727. 2 possible christenings, see notes.
  228. Penwortham BT, 1608-1873. ___ Blackhurst de Croston et Jeneta Dobson de Broughton... Speculative: Groom's first name not entered in record. Parish registers were destroyed in 1856.
  229. Lancashire OPC. appears in 1642 Protestation Rolls: Henry Blackhurst of Mylnegate Street, Wigan.
  230. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. He was alive in October 1656: Roll 12 "Jenett the wife of Henry Blackhurst"; and dead by October 1661: Roll 17, son Thomas's petition to be made a freeman.
  231. Probate record. Will of father 1607.
  232. Estimate. This estimate is based on the speculation that John married i) in 1585 to Isabel Styrzaker.
  233. Lancashire OPC, Kirkham St. Michael C.E. Jhon Dobson & Margret Abram.
  234. Probate record. WILL of grandfather, Robert Dobson, 1607 (see his sources).
  235. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. Box 1. Court Leet Records. 4th Oct. 1656:
    Jenett Blackhurst for making a litigation upon Jennet Hey upon the Lords day quit plg [surety] Jane Anderton.
    Jennet Hey for making the same against Jenet Blackhurst quit plg Wilm [Blackhurst deleted] Markland.
    Jennet Blackhurst litigation upon Ellen Burges - plg Jane Anderton wid. and order that Jenet Blackhurst shall stay and abide in the mought [moot] hall two hours for her abuse.
    Ellen Burges the same against the sd Jennet wife of Henry Blackhurst. plg Ellen Green widow. Original seen 2008 at Leigh Archives; photos too blurry to read; notes.
  236. Kirkham par reg v 83. 2 christenings for Jenet Dobson both in 1592: one to Robert, one to Thomas.
  237. Quarter Session Records. QSP/211/1; FHL 1564133; petition of Thomas Blackhurst, 1661.
  238. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. Jenett Blackhurst and Jenett Hey, abusing one another on the Lord's day. Sureties Jane Anderton and William Markland bailiff
    Jenett the wife of Henry Blackhurst and Ellen Burges spinster - abuse Sureties Jane Anderton widow -eene widoe. Box 1. Court Leet Records. 4th Oct. 1656.
  239. WILL. Truncated abstract*: 8th September 1591...William Cadwicke of Bickerstaffe; names wife Jane and 8 children; gives his "tools pertaining unto the occupation of webster" to son Anthony; wife Jane and and a Robert Houghton? executors. Robert Leadbetter? Poundsetter? his cozine...Robert Cadwicke my brother named among creditors.
    In the Name of God Amen on the eighth day of September 1591...I William Chadocke? of Bickerstaffe...do make this my last will and testament in manner and forme following...I bequeath...the hands of almighty god my saviour...burial...unto that place (that) my parent and other wyfe? was buried thence. Also my mynd and will is that all my ? notably and ?...be equally divided into three...unto myself to be bestowed...as allocated. That is, firstly I give and bequeath unto *____ my sonne, ( a sum of money) for his ? childe. ....I give and bestowe ? pounds of money...aquittance....and I give and bequeath unto Cateren my daughter my ?? and her......Robte (Leadbetter?) my cozen. And I give and bequeath unto Anthony my son all those of my tools pertaining? unto the webers occupation. And the rest of my ? ? my bequests & my funeral and ?? I give and bequeath unto my two sons George and Edward equally between them to be divided. Also I give and bequeath the second ? unto Jane my wyffe. Also I give and bequeath ?? equal of my sayde goode unto Arthur, James, ___? (probably Robert*), Anthony, L/P/__rie??, Caterine, George, and Edward my children, equally to be divided amongst them. Also my mynd and __ is that Jane my wyffe shall have the same ?? of lande? and others?...as my mother?...was widowed... and she have the ?? chest? cash and the?? ...I bequeath my sonne Robte ...to be...and my mynde and will is the said __ Jane my wyffe shall have the ? of Ra ?? of Mellinge, smythe. And my mynde will is that Anthony my sonne shall have my? ....appurtenances..... Robte my sone. Also I do constitute and...my said wyffe and Robert (Leadbetter?) of ? etc etc. Witnessed by Robert _oughton, John ?, Richard Pembroke.
    Debts owing to me: William ?ier, Cuthbert C?; Debts I owe: Robert Cadwicke my brother.

    Inventory taken ? day of September 33rd?? year of the reigne of our Sovarigane (sic), ? and Gracious Mgstie, ?? by us Peter Ash?, Robert Leadbetter, ?? the day and yeare aforesaid. Lengthy inventory follows. * far right side of page was not photocopied.

    Robert Caddick appears in land transactions in Bickerstaffe in 1606, 1628; he was probably the heir, and the name that is not found in this photocopy due to cropping.

  240. Church of England, Ormskirk par reg 1557-1626 (lprs v 131).
  241. Lancashire OPC. Willm. Kadicke - Jaine Haughton.
  242. Probate record. Named in will of father, 1591.
  243. Ormskirk par reg transc 1626-1678. Edward Cadicke & Ellen Eccles 27 May.
  244. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. Box 1. Roll 21 Leet held 18 June 1664 Presentments - Scoles
    ...Ellen Caduricke widow and Robert Boys - the same (a Litigation). Indirect evidence:his widow named.
  245. Probate record. will of husband.
  246. Victoria County Histories. The families of Harflynch(1) and Eccles (2) also appear in the sixteenth century...

    (2) Thomas Eccles and Jane his wife made settlements of their lands in 1561 and in 1575; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles 23, m. 185; 37, m 174. Also again in 1580 when Thomas their son and heir took part; ibid. bdle 42, m. 109. In 1628 Thomas Eccles seems to habve been the chief resident owner who paid to the subsidy; Norris D. (B.M.)

    Adam Eccles alias Cliff, in 1717, as a "Papist" registered an estate for the lives of Thomas, Ellen and Ann Cliff, his children; Eng. Catholic Non-Jurors, 98. p 373 vol iii.

  247. Victoria County Histories.
  248. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. April 1664 Hugh Leigh, Eliz: Scott And that sd Elin Cadwicke wid made a litigat'n upon Robt Boys Carch'r [character] Tho: Blackhurst t? quit quit
    And that the said Robt Boys made the like upon the said Elin Carcter [ a fine?] Jo: Barrow [fine, or surety: lb?] wee fine him M ey?. Original documents seen at Leigh Archives April 2008. NOTE that Ellen's son-in-law gave surety for her conduct in this matter (1664).
  249. courtesy of Wigan Archives Services, Wigan Court Leet calendar. Box 1. Roll 21 Leet held 18 June 1664 Presentments - Scoles
    Hugh Leigh, Eiz: Scott: And that sd Elin Cadwicke wid made a Litiga[tion?] upon Robt Boys Cout?er? [Character]; Tho: Blackhurst t? quit; quit
    And that the said Robt Boys made the Like upon the said Elin Coutr [character] ;Jo: Barrow ? wee fine him ? ?
    .
  250. N Meols par reg transc 1594-1812, p 85. John Haworth de Church towne.
  251. Probate record. named in father's will, 1619.
  252. Speculative. IGI: Edward Haworth & Mary Rimer, 1606 N Meols. This cannot be substantiated from the parish records although it may be correct.
    1. North Meols Bishops Transcript, fhl1068943, microfilm of original record: appears to be: "Edward Johnson and Mary Rimm married 4th Sep 1606".
    2. North Meols parish register, fhl 1796145 microfilm of original parish register: 1606: September:
    Edward ----- and Mary Rimr? married ye 15th.
    3. Transcription, Online Parish Clerk:
    1606 p.10 15 Sep 1606 Edward .. & Mary Rimer.
  253. Speculative. William Liptrott, gent. named "Roger Liptrott my brother" in his will, 1624; Roger Liptrott christened to William Liptrott in 1552, Chorley. Tentative conclusion that William was the father of Roger b 1552 and William b abt. 1550.
  254. Victoria County Histories. The families of Harflynch(1) and Eccles (2) also appear in the sixteenth century...Notes: (1) In 1527 Richard Harflynche settled his property by fine; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle, m. 159. Richard Urmston, one of the feoffees, afterwards claimed the Harflynch property as reversioner after the death of Roger Harflynch; but Jane the widow of Richard Harflynch and her daughter Jane, the heir, appear to have maintained their right: Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 206. Jane married Thomas Eccles alias Cliff, shortly afterwards; ibid ii, 180. Harflynch may be a misrreading of Harffynch; Harefinch or Haresfinch is in Windle, on the borders of Parr. re Windle; p 373, Vol ?.
  255. Final Concords, or Feet of Fines... Between Richard Urmeston, Thomas Pendibery, John Edge, the younger, and John Holme, plaintiffs and Richard Harflynche deforciant of 2 messuages, 23 a. of land, 6 a. of meadow, and 8 a. of pasture in Wyndill (Windle). Richard Harflynche acknowledged one messuage, 10 a. of land, 2 a. of meadow, and 8 a. of pasture of the said tenements to be the right of the said Richard Urmeston, and remitted all right to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of the said Richard. Moreover, Richard Harflynche granted that one other messuage, 8 a. of land and 2 a. of meadow of the said tenements which Alice Stele, late the wife of Peter Harflynche, held for the term of her life; and that 5 a. of land and 2 a. of meadow, the residue of the said tenements which Roger Harflynche held for the term of his life after the decease of the said Alice and Roger should remain to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of the said Richard Urmeston, for which Richard Urmeston gave him 40 pds. 1510-1558; probably 1527 (see citation 1).