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48. JAMES4 CLIFFORD (Charles3, James2, unknown Clifford1); born 1758,506 reportedly in Pennsylvania,507 but possibly in New Jersey; died February or March 1801 (but see next paragraph); buried in Fort Palmer Cemetery, Fairfield Township, Westmoreland County; married MARY ROGERS (?RODGERS); born between 1756 and 1774;508 died by 1831.509 Mary and James share a single stone in Fort Palmer Cemetery.

There were no James Cliffords in the 1800 federal census for Pennsylvania. However, in Westmoreland County in 1800, besides Charles Clifford (#11) and his sons Joseph and Thomas, there was a "Widow Clifford," age 26 and under 45 with one female under 10.510 Since James and Mary (Rogers) Clifford had a daughter, Sarah, born in 1792, the assumption would be that the "Widow Clifford" was Mary, and her husband James was deceased by the time of the 1800 federal census. However James Clifford's will was not written until 25 February 1801, recorded 14 March 1801.511 It is not unusual to miss a person in a census, but here we have an added person, the "Widow Clifford," and I know of no other widow Clifford, either our Cliffords or other Cliffords, who would be in Westmoreland County at that time. I have a copy of James's original will, and the dates are clear. The inscription on James's stone is of no help since it only reads: "J. Clifford 1758 & Mary Rogers his wife." One explanation is that the 1800 federal census (census date was 4 August for the 1800 federal census) for that part of Westmoreland County carried over into the spring of 1801 after James had died, and the census information was reported when taken instead of what the situation was on 4 August 1800.

In his will, James Clifford left half his household furnishing to his wife, Mary, and half to daughter Sarah. One cow was willed to Sarah and the remainder of his livestock, grain and farm utensils were to be sold at public auction, with one-third of the proceeds to go to Mary and two-thirds to Sarah "to be put to interest and applied as occasion may require to defray the expenses of her education… ." There was no mention of real estate. James's wife, Mary, and Captain James Lawson were executors. Witnesses were Thomas Patterson (he probably was the father of Jane Patterson who married James McKelvey, see "James and Jane (Patterson) McKelvey and their family"), Thomas Pollock and Thomas Clifford, undoubtedly Thomas Clifford (#52), brother of James Clifford-note that James and Sarah Lawson's daughter Catherine married Thomas Clifford.

On 15 June 1801, Mary Clifford petitioned the court to appoint a guardian (Thomas Pollock was appointed) for daughter Sarah Clifford, "a minor under the age of 14 years, d/o of James Clifford late of Fairfield Township."512 There is a 1 August 1811 transaction513 between Mary Clifford and a Daniel Rodgers, who was possibly Mary's father or brother. This Daniel Rodgers, born before 1755, was living alone in Fairfield Township in 1800; he was also enumerated in Fairfield Township in 1820.514

James is mentioned in the "Burials of Revolutionary Veterans" as a "Frontier Ranger" in Boucher (1918b), page 48. He was probably the James Clifford, private, listed in Captain John Hinkson's Company in 1779.515 Hinkson's company was known to have been in the Westmoreland County area about that time. According to the "The Ruddlesforter," Special Edition, page 9:516 "The Rangers [or Rogers Rangers] were light infantry units equipped for rapid deployment. Trained to live off the land and fight in the guerrilla style of the Indians, the Rangers were ideally suited for the Pennsylvania frontier." See also the section "Miller's Station and some other Whitsetts of Kentucky."

James got into a skirmish with a Seneca near Fort Ligonier in 1778-see "The capture of Charles Clifford by Senecas in 1779." Lockport James Clifford (#251) was supposed to have been named after this James. According to a 29 April 1921 letter from Mary (Clifford) Felton (#713) to Robert Clifford (#1384), the gun used in this skirmish was passed to the oldest James of the family, the next owner being James Clifford, father of Mary (Felton) Clifford. In 1921, when Mary wrote to Robert, the gun was in the possession of James Frederick Clifford (#1312) of Altoona. There is a picture of the gun on page 447 of Boucher (1918a).

An interesting early land deed, initiated in 1786 and instituted in 1793,517 indicates that James Clifford was involved in a big land deal with two Philadelphia entrepreneurs, John Erskine and Barnabas McShane. The details of this transaction need not concern us here other than how it sheds light on our ancestors-see Appendix 4 for the entire deed. In 1786, James Clifford and the two Philadelphians took out warrants for six tracts, each 300 acres, in Westmoreland and Fayette Counties. One tract was in the name of Erskine, one for Barnabas McShane, one for James Clifford, one each in the names of Edward Clifford and Joseph Clifford, who we know to be James's brothers, and one in the name of Robert Clifford, who we know from this deed to be also a brother of James. All fees were paid by McShane and Erskine. The intent (achieved in 1793 when the deed was instituted) was for the Cliffords to survey the tracts, and for Edward, Joseph, and Robert to sell their tracts to James, who in turn would sell them to Erskine and Barnabas McShane. But Robert Clifford died prior to 1793 and this entailed the following to be written into the deed:

… Whereas surveys and returns have been since made on said warrants and Deed Rolls or conveyances from the said Edward Clifford and Joseph Clifford to the said James Clifford and from the said James Clifford to the said Barnabas McShane and John Erskine for the three said warrants rights of Edward Clifford, Joseph Clifford and James Clifford have been duly made and the said Robert Clifford hath died intestate [This is not correct. Robert did leave a will, written 1790, recorded July 1791-see under Robert Clifford, #49] without issue and [and this is an important part] the said James Clifford as eldest Brother and heir at law claims the land …

Does this mean that James had always been eldest brother of all of Charles's sons, or eldest brother now that Robert had died?

Apparently James did not sell all the Clifford's Tyrone Township, Fayette County, holdings, since "James Clifford Ligonier" was taxed for land in Tyrone Township in 1796. Barnabas McShane was taxed in Tyrone Township from 1795 through 1799 (the last year of the tax list).518

Child of James and Mary (Rogers) Clifford:

+   219 i. Sarah5 Ann Clifford; born 7 August 1792; died 30 August 1881; married George W. Shrum.

Tyrone Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania

Tyrone Township in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, was an area where several of our known Cliffords and some Cliffords presumed to be of our line were taxed in the late 18th century. I do not know why this particular area of southwestern Pennsylvania attracted our Cliffords. The following is from the Introduction (no page number) of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Taxpayers 1785-1799:519 "The purpose of this work is to provide a location and a time frame for individuals, many of whom were enroute to Kentucky …" Probably one the main routes west for people in southwestern Pennsylvania was to go north on the Youghiogheny River to the Monongahela River at McKeesport, then northwest on the Monongahela to where it joins the Allegheny at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River and from there west on the Ohio to where the Licking River enters the Ohio River at Cincinnati; then for some "up the Licking" to the bluegrass area of Kentucky.

Tyrone Township, now Lower Tyrone Township and Upper Tyrone Township, borders Westmoreland County on the north. The northeast corner of Tyrone Township (now Upper Tyrone Township) (near the city of Scottdale, East Huntingdon Township, Westmoreland County) is only about 20 miles southwest of Ligonier, Westmoreland County. Tyrone Township's northern border is Norfolk Creek and its southern border is the Youghiogheny River.

My maternal great great great grandparents, John and Sarah (Reed) Fleming, owned land in Tyrone Township (present-day Lower Tyrone Township) in the late eighteenth century. A map, with no source, shows a tract for Barnabas McShane less than a mile east of the Fleming's 106 acre tract, and almost bordering on John Fleming's tract. The map legend reads: "Barnabas McShane. War. 25 September 1786, Sur. 7 December 1787. Pat. 22 December 1831 to George Mittenberger. H-30-513." As would be indicated by the 1793 land deed involving Cliffords and Barnabas McShane, this would probably be where some of the Clifford land was located.

49. ROBERT4 CLIFFORD (Charles3, James2, unknown Clifford1); no information on birth, possibly the first born child of Charles or possibly born about 1760. Robert died 1791 in old Bourbon County, Virginia (either part of present-day Bourbon County, Kentucky, or Harrison County, Kentucky); apparently Robert did not marry.

The most important document pertaining to Robert, and proving he was a son of Charles Clifford, was the early land deed, initiated in 1786 and instituted in 1793,520 see under his brother James Clifford (#48). Robert Clifford was taxed in Tyrone Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania from 1785 through 1788.521 In 1789, Robert was in Kentucky, being taxed for two horses in Bourbon County.522 This was about the time that Robert's sister, Mary (Clifford) Whitsett (#50) and her family, came from Fayette County, Pennsylvania, to Bourbon County, Kentucky.

Robert Shields of Bethlehem Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, in his will written 18 September 1764, left 15 pounds to Robert Clifford, "son of Charles Clifford."523 If he was Robert, son of our Charles, this would mean Robert was born prior to 1765. Robert Shields also left 10 pounds to Robert Gordon, who probably was the Robert Gordon who married 29 September 1768 Rebecca Clifford in Bethlehem Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey.524 Was Rebecca Clifford a sister of our Charles Clifford (#11)?

What about Shields? If Charles Clifford did have a first wife, it is tempting to suggest, because of the heirs mentioned in Robert Shields' will, that her maiden name might have been Shields. There is a May 1741 will of William Shields, of Salem Town, New Jersey, who mentions his wife Rachel,525 who married again in 1745 [-?-] Actor.526 In October 1760 a Robert Shields (William's son?) and a Joseph Gordon participated in an inventory, no name mentioned.527 Also, there was a Mary Shields, born 1717, died 1792, the right age to have been Robert Shields' sister. This Mary was the wife of William Sloan of Somerset County, New Jersey; they had children who did have "connections" to our Cliffords,528 see under Mary (Clifford) Maxwell (#6).

Both Robert's father, Charles, and brother James were in the Revolutionary War. Robert apparently was as well. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania has two Revolutionary War Military Abstract Cards for Robert:529 One reports Robert Clifford in the Westmoreland County (Pennsylvania) Militia, no rank, Certificate 11234, Total (pay): £ 0.14.0, issued 20 March 1786; the other also has Robert in the Westmoreland County Militia, no rank, Certificate 11264, Total (pay) £ 1.14.2, also issued 20 March 1786. I have not seen the certificates, which usually indicate the time of the tour of duty. Charles Clifford's certificate, issued 6 February 1785, reports Charles's tour in 1776; and I suspect this was about the time of Robert's tour. For more information on these military loan certificates, see under Charles Clifford (#11). Robert Clifford's name was also listed next to Charles Clifford on the Westmoreland County Depreciation Pay List of the Revolution.530 The Revolutionary War information suggests Robert would probably have been born no later than 1760-either before or after James.

Another document listing Robert Clifford is a 1779 petition of settlers of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, to "The Hon'ble the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly." Robert was one of the 21 petitioners, including also Robert Reed (see #55). The petition pertains to the hardships of the settlers because of Indian unrest and not receiving adequate protection from the Army.531

Will of Robert Clifford, written 13 February 1790, recorded July 1791:532

In the name of God amen. Know I Robert Clifford of the county of Bourbon and commonwealth of Virginia, being ill of health and ?weak of body, seemly not in ?away of recovery but through God grace and having perfect senses and memory I do therefore institute this my last will and Testament, this making void all other wills by me formerly made. I do therefore recommend my soul to God who giveth and my body to the grave to [be] interred in a decent manner and the whole of my real and personal Estate. I do give and bequeth in manner and form following To wit
It is my will and desire that all my Just and Lawfull debts be paid then all the rest of my estate I give and bequeath to all my Brothers and Sisters to be equally divided between them, except one mare and Saddle to my Brother James Clifford and one mare which is at home which I give unto my Sister Jane Clifford more then their Equal parts. It is my will that my brother James Clifford and Wm. Miller be Sole Exors and to all and Singular of this my Last will and therefore I have hereunto set my hand and seal This 13 day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven and ninety and in the presence of
     Robert Clifford (LS
Joseph Whitesett    
James McCutehen
James ? Steele

July Court 1791. The Last will and Testament of Rob. Clifford was proved by James McCutehen Second witness there to and ordered to be recorded, and Wm Miller Exer therein mentioned came into Court and qualifies agreeable to Law and with Wm Griffith and James Wright his Securities gave Bond under penalty of £300 Conditioned as the Law requires, Certificate is Granted him for obtaining probate thereof in due in form.
   Tesi John Edwards C

The witness Joseph Whitesett would have been Joseph Whitsett, husband of Mary (Clifford) Whitsett (#50). The executor William Miller could be one of the three Miller brothers who came to Kentucky in the late 1780s and located in the Millersburg, Bourbon County, area (see "Miller's Station of Bourbon County, Kentucky," Appendix 6). If so, this would suggest that Robert was living near the Whitsetts in Bourbon County. Robert's will was written when he was probably in his late twenties or early thirties and not recorded for over a year; this suggests he might have been afflicted with a long term illness, perhaps tuberculosis.

Was Robert a son of Charles and a first wife or a son of Charles and Jane (Gordon) Clifford? The statement about James Clifford being "eldest Brother and heir at law" in the Fayette County Erskine-McShane deed533 (see under James Clifford, #48) is perplexing. This would indicate Robert was a son of Charles and Jane (Gordon) Clifford, since we know that James's mother was Jane (Gordon) Clifford. I have treated Robert as a son of Charles and Jane. However, another interpretation of James's statement "eldest Brother and heir at law," could be that he, James, was eldest brother now that Robert had died. By this interpretation, Robert would be older than James and might be a son of Charles and a first wife. For either interpretation of James's statement, however, it would mean that James was older than his brother Edward, who many Clifford historians feel was the first born son of Charles Clifford. But of course this would mean that the memory stone for "E. Clifford 1755-" is in error.

Since Robert died without issue prior to the death of either parent or any of his siblings, there would be no need to mention Robert in any legal documents (Robert was not mentioned in his father's 1815 will). Nevertheless it seems strange that family tradition about Charles and Jane (Gordon) Clifford's generation handed down to succeeding generation would not include some remark about Robert. Possibly Robert was born between James (1758) and Mary (1762), since there is a gap of 4 years between these two children, and this period would mesh with the Robert Clifford, mentioned in the 1764 will of Robert Shields.

But intuitively, I feel Robert was the oldest of Charles Clifford's sons. Without proof, I feel Charles Clifford did have a first wife, and she was a Shields; and by this wife Charles had son Robert Clifford, born perhaps 1755. Charles and second wife Jane (Gordon) Clifford then had, in order, son James, daughter Mary, son Joseph, son Thomas, son Edward, son Charles, daughter Ann, and daughter Sarah. Whoever had the stone "E. Clifford 1755-" inscribed in Fort Palmer Cemetery, got it wrong. The stone should have read "R. Clifford 1755-."

What if …
The information on Edward, James and Robert Clifford leaves doubt about who was the oldest son and whether Jane (Gordon) Clifford was mother of all of them. According to family legend, Edward Clifford was the oldest son might have been a son of Charles and a first wife.

Robert Shields of Bethlehem Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, in his will written 18 September 1764, left 15 pounds to Robert Clifford, "son of Charles Clifford."534 If he was Robert, son of our Charles, this would mean Robert was born prior to 1765.

There is a stone in Fort Palmer Cemetery listing E. (presumably Edward-I know of no one else) Clifford born 1755. The 1810 federal census for Harrison County, Kentucky, has Edward born between 1765-1784, and the 1830 federal census has him born between 1760-1770.535 (The 1820 federal census for Edward in Harrison County only reports his age as over 45.) If Edward was born between 1765-1770, this might explain why there are no records of Edward serving in the Revolutionary War. One born in the mid 1750s would seem to be the right age for the war. Both Edward's father and brothers James, born 1758, and Robert, possibly born circa 1760 or possibly in the mid-1750s, were in the war.536

Edward being born in the 1760s would also explain the statement by Edward's brother James about James being "eldest Brother and heir at law" in the 1793 Westmoreland County deed537 (see under James, #48). The statement could be interpreted that James was eldest brother of Robert, Edward, and Joseph; or could be interpreted that James was eldest brother now that Robert had died. Regardless, James, who was born 1758, would have been elder brother of Edward according to the statement in this deed.

There is a 1779 petition of settlers of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, to "The Hon'ble the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly."538 Robert Clifford was one of the 21 petitioners. The petition pertains to the hardships of the settlers because of Indian unrest and not receiving adequate protection from the Army. One might have predicted that if Edward or James was eldest brother, one of them would have been the petitioner. But you ask, why was not their father Charles Clifford the petitioner? Charles was captured by Senecas in April 1779.

The quandary is that there is Edward's stone in Fort Palmer Cemetery having him born 1755. We also have James's stone's in Fort Palmer Cemetery clearly reading that he was born 1758. And we have that very important 1793 legal document stating "James was eldest brother" and can be interpreted no other way than James was older than Edward, regardless of whether James was older than Robert.

At the risk of sounding obstinate, what if the person who had the stone inscribed "E. Clifford 1755-" in Fort Palmer Cemetery got it wrong, and the stone should have read "R. Clifford 1755-." If so, most of what I have in my limited data base would fall into place in regard to Robert, James and Edward Clifford.

Intuitively, I feel Robert was the oldest of Charles Clifford's sons. Without proof, I feel Charles Clifford did have a first wife, and she was a Shields; and by this wife Charles had son Robert Clifford, born perhaps 1755. Charles and second wife Jane (Gordon) Clifford would then have had, in order, son James, daughter Mary, son Joseph, son Thomas, son Edward, son Charles, daughter Ann, and daughter Sarah.

50. MARY4 CLIFFORD (Charles3, James2, unknown Clifford1); born circa 1762 (see next paragraph); possibly died 1801. Statistics for Joseph Whitsett's household in the 1810 federal census for Harrison County, Kentucky, indicate she was deceased by 1810;539 certainly Mary was deceased by 1815, when her father's will was written. Mary Clifford married JOSEPH WHITSETT (also spelled Whiteside/s-see below); born circa 1748-1750 in Londonderry, Northern Ireland; died 1814, probably April or May, in Harrison County, Kentucky (see chronology below for sources). Presumably, both Mary and Joseph are buried in Kentucky, probably Harrison County.

One of Mary and Joseph's children, Emily (Whitsett) Hughes, was alive at the time of the 1880 federal census, and both her parents were reported born in Virginia.540 However places of birth of parents in the 1880 census were often erroneous, especially for the parents of people not present to give information when the census was taken. However, for Mary, there is another report of her birth (no primary source given) and it is also Virginia: Mary Clifford, spouse of Joseph Whitesides, born in 1765 in Richmond, Virginia.541 I have no information of Charles and Jane being in Virginia at any time.

The surname for our Whitsett ancestors in Pennsylvania and Kentucky has been spelled Whitsett (and Whitesett) and Whitesides (and Whiteside). There is even one deed in Kentucky where the name was spelled both Whitsett and Whitesides. Is Whitsett a phonetic variation of Whitesides (or vice versa) or is the origin of Whitsett different from that of Whitesides? In the Nota Bene Newsletter (online),542 there is an item that relates to this: "Whence Cometh the Whitsetts," with guest contributor Joseph H. Whitsett (I do not know who his Whitsetts ancestors were). Joseph H. Whitsett mentions other surnames ending in "ett," for example, Crockett, Bennett, Corbett and many more. According to Joseph H. Whitsett, we might conclude that Whitsett is of Scottish Highlander origin because "sett" is a word for a tartan. But Mr. Whitsett mentions other uses for "sett," and draws no conclusions about the origin of the surname Whitsett and its relationship to Whitesides. Regardless, the two names can create problems when searching for our Whitsett/Whitesides ancestors. In the will of Charles Clifford, the name is spelled Whitesides and also in most Kentucky tax records; but since most other documents, especially the deeds in Kentucky, have the name spelled Whitsett, and Joseph's children spelled the name Whitsett, I will spell the name Whitsett.543 There was another early Joseph Whitsett of Kentucky, see end note #543.

Some Chronological events for Joseph and Mary (Clifford) Whitsett:

1748. Joseph Whitsett born 1748-1750 in Londonderry, northern Ireland.544

1762. Mary Clifford born probably in New Jersey.545

1765. According to an International Genealogical Index item for Cliffords of Virginia,546 there is this perplexing entry: Mary Clifford, spouse of Joseph Whitesides, born in 1765 in Richmond, Virginia. Probably this is an error.

1775. First child of Joseph Whitsett, Sarah, born in Pennsylvania.547 Was Mary Clifford old enough to have been her mother?

1784. Third child, Nancy Whitsett, reported born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.548 In 1784, Joseph Whitsett was involved in a court case in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. (Fayette County was set off from Westmoreland County in 1783). Joseph apparently had purchased 150 acres of land in either Fayette or Westmoreland County from Christopher Beeler, but according to Beeler, Joseph Whitsett did not fulfill the convenant for 100 pounds, as the following order to the Sheriff of Fayette County explicitly states (I have added some punctuation):549

The commonwealth of Pennsylvania to Sheriff of Fayette county greeting. You are hereby commanded as you were heretofore commanded that you take Joseph Whitesitt late of your county yeoman if he be found in your Bailiwick and him safely keep so that you have his body before the justices at Uniontown at the County court of common pleas there to be held for the county of Fayette on the third Tuesday in September Next to answer unto Christopher Beeler of a plea that he fulfil the Covenant made between them according to the forsd form and effect thereof-And have you him share this writ. Witness Alexander Maclean, esquire, at Union the twenty fourth day of June in the year or our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty Four.
Ephraim Douglass, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Courthouse, Unionville [sic], Fayette County.

Apparently the litigation was successful and Joseph paid 200 pounds to Christopher Beeler, re: Christopher Beeler vs. Joseph Whitesitt, Alias Capias [a legal statement commanding an officer to arrest the person named in the writ] of Tyrone Township, Yeoman tenet in two hundred Pounds taken September 21 1784."550

The above information was sent to me by Jenny Rasmussen (see end notes), who is interested in Joseph Whitsett, because also at the September 1784 Term Court, Joseph Whitsett was suing Jenny Rasmussen's ancestor Peter Stacy (also spelled Stoese and Statia) for not paying Joseph 21 pounds, said to be owed Joseph since June of that year by Peter Stacy of Fayette County.551
1785. Joseph Whitsett (as Whitesides) was on the 1785 tax list for Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Tyrone Township, the first year of tax records. Analysis of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Taxpayers, 1785-1799,552 indicates three early Whiteside/Whitsetts. For a Samuel (of Tyrone), the name is spelled Whiteside; for a William (of Menallen Township) the name is Whiteside or Whitesides; and for Joseph (presumably our Joseph) the spellings are as follows:
1785: Joseph Whitesides (Tyrone).
1786: Joseph Whitesides (Tyrone).
1787: Joseph Whitsett (Tyrone).
1788: Joseph Whitsett (Tyrone).
1789: Joseph Whitesides (Tyrone).
1790: No tax records available for Tyrone Township.
1791: No records for Joseph Whitsett/Whitesides.
1792: No tax records available for Tyrone Township.
1793: No records for Joseph Whitsett/Whitesides.
1794: No tax records available for Tyrone Township.
1795: No records for Joseph Whitsett/Whitesides.
1796: Joseph Whitsett (Tyrone).
1797: No records for Joseph Whitsett/Whitesides.
1797: [-?-] Whiteside was taxed in 1797 in Tyrone Township.
1798: No records for Joseph Whitsett/Whitesides.
1799: No records for Joseph Whitsett/Whitesides.

1786. Both Rebecca and Charles Whitsett, children of Joseph and Mary, reported born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.553

1788. Joseph came from Fayette County, Pennsylvania, to probably Bourbon County, Kentucky (then part of Virginia), in circa 1788-1790. Joseph could have been taxed in Bourbon County in 1789, but the microfilmed pages with the surnames beginning with "W" were too faded to read. Joseph was taxed in Kentucky in 1790.554 Apparently Joseph eventually settled in the area of Miller's Station,555 now abandoned. Miller's Station was in Bourbon County, but the general area could also include parts of either present-day Harrison County or Nicholas County, Kentucky. See Map 8 and also the section "Miller's Station and some other Whitsetts of Kentucky," in Appendix 6.

1790. Joseph witnessed the will of his brother-in-law Robert Clifford (#49) in Bourbon County, Kentucky.556

1791. Joseph was on the 1791 tax list for Bourbon County-part of the 1790 reconstructed census for Bourbon County. Also in 1791, Joseph and Mary (Clifford) Whitsett's daughter, Jane, was reported born at Miller's Station, Bourbon County.557

1793. Besides Joseph, a Samuel Whitesides was taxed in Bourbon County in 1793. This was the only year his name appeared on the Bourbon County tax lists. Was he the Samuel Whiteside taxed in 1785 in Tyrone Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania? If so, this probably would indicate Joseph and Samuel were related.

1794-1796. Children Mary, Margaret, and Matilda Whitsett were reported born in Bourbon County, Kentucky.558

1795. By 1795, Joseph owned 100 acres of second rate land (this was a standard description of land in deeds of those times and does not mean the land was not good) in Bourbon County and was taxed for 5 horses and 14 cows.559

1796. A Joseph Whitsett was on the Fayette County, Pennsylvania, tax list.560 Was this an error or was Joseph taxed without living there, or did he and presumably family move back to Fayette County for a year, or was this a different Joseph Whitsett?. Perhaps a coincident, but the year 1796 was the only year in the 1790s that I could not find Joseph being taxed in Bourbon County.

1799. First year Joseph was taxed as "Whiteset" instead of Whitesides.

1800. Joseph's land in Bourbon County was described as 130 acres of second rate land on Paddys Creek, originally entered and surveyed in the name of Daniel Callahan561 and apparently purchased by Joseph Whitsett from William Johnson.562 Paddys Creek (listed as Paddy Run on present-day topographical maps) empties into the South Fork of the Licking River about a mile south of Cynthiana, Harrison County, Kentucky. The headwaters are west of Colville, Harrison County, and appear to be entirely within Harrison County, instead of extending east into bordering Bourbon and Nicholas Counties.

1801. Joseph and Mary's last child, Emily, was born. Possibly Mary died shortly thereafter.

1805. Last tax record I could find for Joseph in Bourbon County. At that time he was still being taxed for the 130 acres of land on Paddys Creek.

1809. First tax record for Joseph in Harrison County, Kentucky, but taxed for the same 130 acres of land on Paddys Creek.563 Possibly there was a boundary correction at this time and this put Joseph's land in Harrison County. However a person was usually taxed in the county where they resided, regardless of where the land was located; hence probably Joseph moved to Harrison County in about 1809.

1810. Joseph Whitsett was in the 1810 federal census for Harrison County, Kentucky. Age ranges of the females would indicate Mary was deceased by this time.564

1812. Joseph was living in Harrison County in 1812, when "Perry Hall, John Lair, William Casey and Joseph Whitesides or any three of them" were appointed to appraise and return an inventory of the estate of John Carnagy (Carnegie?), deceased.565

1813. Last tax record for Joseph Whitsett, still in Harrison County.566

1814. First tax record for Joseph's son, Charles Whitsett, in Harrison County,567 no land described.

1814. Joseph died 1814 in Harrison County, probably April or May.

The following is from the Harrison County, May Court, 1814:568

  On the matter Charles Whitesett ordered that Samuel Bell and Sally his wife, Griffith Foos and Elizabeth his wife, Burwell Mills and Nancy his wife, Richard Hall and Rebecca his wife, Stephen Irwin [Irvin] and Sussanah his wife, Stephen Brewer and Polly his wife, William Parson [sic = Palmer] and Peggy his wife, Matilda Whitesett and Amelia [Emily] Whitesett be summoned to appear here at the next court to show cause if any they can why [the] nuncupative will of Joseph Whitesett, deceased, should not be established.

  A nuncupative will is an oral will. Reading between the lines suggests that Joseph's oral will was in the presence of his son, Charles.

The next court session was the July 1814 Court:569

On the motion of Samuel Bell and George Reading [this George Reading was mentioned in several Harrison County documents; he must have had a knowledge of jurisprudence] who took the oath required by law and ____? Joseph Bell, and Charles Lair these securities entered into and acknowledged to their ____? with the penalty of one thousand five hundred dollars conditioned as the law directs, Certificate is granted to them for obtaining letters of administration of the estate of Joseph Whitesett in do form.

1814. Daughter Emily Whitsett, and, by inference, probably other daughters of Joseph and Mary moved to Ohio from Kentucky.570 The Irvin, Mills, Foos and Palmer families were known to be in Ohio by 1815.571

1815. Charles Whitsett was taxed for 100 acres of land that would appear be part of the land of his deceased father.572 Charles was also taxed in 1816, and this was the last tax record for early Whitsett/Whitesides of Harrison or Bourbon County, Kentucky, that I could find.

1815. Charles Clifford, Mary's father, wrote his will 8 July 1815; he left $400 to the "Children of my daughter Mary Whitesides, deceased."573

1816. August 1816 Harrison County Court:574

On the motion of George Reading, order that John Lair, Charles Lair, Michael Smith and James Adams or three of these be appointed commissioners to examine, state, and settle with the administrators of the estate of Joseph Whiteside, desc., also to allot and divide the said estate of the decd. among the general [should this be "several"?] heirs at law and report thereupon to the court.

1817. On 8 April 1817, the commissioners appointed to examine Joseph Whitsett's estate made their report.575 They reported the total amount of the sale of Joseph's estate was $741. Three of the children, Charles, Matilda and Emily Whitsett, added to the total worth of the estate by purchasing a total of $20.74 worth of wool, and a Samuel Wilson purchased $32.35 worth of corn. Some of the major items paid out of the estate went to James Debruler for making a coffin; to John Burns and Burwell Mills to settle personal accounts, and to George Reading for his services as administrator.

1824. Various quit claim deeds recorded in 1824 (see under names of Joseph and Mary's children) in the name of Joseph Whitsett, deceased, indicate Joseph "formerly resided in the County of Harrison and State of Kentucky" and owned land on Paddys Run, 100 acres being conveyed to Joseph Whitsett by William Johnson in the early 1800s, 16 and one half acres being conveyed to Joseph by Daniel Callahan, and 13 and one half acres of George Hamilton's land, purchased by Joseph Whitsett at a Sheriff sale.576

Joseph's purchase of 13.5 acres of land in Harrison County for $48.93 at a Sheriff Sale resulted from a case of fieri facias,577 involving David Isqaregg? against the heirs of George Hamilton.578 Although less than 15 acres was involved, the legal aspect of this transaction had to be described in all subsequent deeds involving the heirs of Joseph Whitsett. In 1824, Charles Whitsett, son of Joseph and Mary, purchased the 13.5 acres from the other heirs of Joseph, and this document mentions all the heirs and spouses.579 In 1827, Charles sold the 13.5 acres for $167.90 to John Johnson of Harrison County.580

1826. By 1826, the only child of Joseph and Mary (Clifford) Whitsett still in Harrison County, Kentucky, was Rebecca (Whitsett) Hall.581 One of Richard and Rebecca (Whitsett) Hall's children, Rebecca Hall (#618), would subsequently marry James Clifford (#536), a second cousin, James being a grandson of Edward Clifford (#47) of Harrison County.582


Based on all children being those of Mary (Clifford) Whitsett, probably Joseph met and married Mary Clifford in what would be present-day Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. By 1784 the family was in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, and by circa 1788 was in what would be either present-day Bourbon or present-day Harrison County, Kentucky. By 1800 they were living in the Millersburg, Bourbon County, area, but their land was on Paddy Run, the watershed being probably entirely within present-day Harrison County. Mary died before 1810, perhaps as early as 1801, when her last child was born. Joseph died in 1814, and about this time the children were moving out of Kentucky to Ohio and Indiana. Joseph's son, Charles Whitsett, was last taxed in Harrison County in 1816. By 1826, the only child of Joseph and Mary (Clifford) Whitsett living in that area of Kentucky was Rebecca (Whitsett) Hall of Harrison County.

Was it possible that some of the children of Joseph Whitsett were children of Joseph and a first wife? In 1775, when Sarah, the first child was born, our Mary Clifford would have been only about age 13, assuming her birth year is correct. Also note the 7 year interval between second born Elizabeth and third born Nancy Whitsett. Mary's father, Charles Clifford, gave 400 dollars to the children of Mary. Although speculative, perhaps the $400 is a clue in determining how many of Joseph's children were by Mary, that is $50 each to eight children?, meaning Sarah, born circa 1775, and Elizabeth, born 1777, were not children of Mary (Clifford) Whitsett?

Children of Joseph and Mary (Clifford) Whitsett:583

+   220 i. Sarah5 Whitsett; born circa 1775? in Pennsylvania; died circa January 1848; married Samuel Bell.
+   221 ii. Elizabeth Whitsett; born circa 1777 in Pennsylvania; died 12 October 1833; married Griffith Foos.
+   222 iii. Nancy Whitsett; born 1784 in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania; died 1817; married Burwell Brown Mills.
+   223 iv. Rebecca Whitsett; born 28 July 1786 in Fayette County, Pennsylvania; died 14 September 1876; married Richard Hall.
+   224 v. Charles Whitsett; born circa 1786, probably in Fayette County, Pennsylvania; married Elizabeth Mock.
+   225 vi. Jane Whitsett; born 10 December 1790 in Miller's Station, Bourbon County, Kentucky; died 9 May 1833; married Stephen Mitchell Irvin. In 1790, Bourbon County also included present-day Harrison County.
+   226 vii. Mary Malinda (Polly) Whitsett; born circa 1794 in Bourbon County, Kentucky; married Stephen Brewer.
+   227 viii. Margaret (Peggy) Whitsett; born 17 October 1795 in Bourbon County, Kentucky; died 11 November 1865; married William Palmer.
  228 ix. Matilda Whitsett; born 1794-1798 in Bourbon County, Kentucky; died before 1818; married, 21 December 1814 in Bourbon County, John Mitchell Irvin; born May 1790 in Kentucky; died 1865. One would suspect that John Mitchell Irvin was related to Stephen Mitchell Irvin who married Matilda's sister Jane. Matilda was the only child not mentioned as an heir of Joseph Whitsett in the 1824-1825 quit claim documents. Apparently John and Matilda (Whitsett) Irvin did not have children—at least still living in 1824. In 1880, John M. Irvin and (?second) wife Sarah J. [-?-], born circa 1800 in Kentucky, were living in Bourbon County, where John was listed as miller.584 Others living in the household in 1880 (in the following order) were Mary E. Irvin, born circa 1835; Sarah L. Irvin, born circa 1838; Mariah Irvin, born circa 1842; Elizabeth Irvin, born circa 1827; Mary A. Irvin, born circa 1846; William H. Irvin, born circa 1849; and George B. Barnett, born circa 1832 (probably Mary A. and William H. were children of Elizabeth, who would have been a daughter-in-law of John and Sarah Irvin).
+   229 x. Emily (also Amelia) Whitsett; born May 1801 in Kentucky; died 18 August 1886; married David Hughes. Emily's mother, Mary (Clifford) Whitsett, possibly died in 1801.

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Charts, Maps and Documents
Major Locations
Ralph Z. Clifford Chart
Generation One
Generation Two
Generation Three
Generation Four
George Beavers(17) - Naomi Beavers(28)
Jane Clifford(30) - Mary Sellers(46)
Edward Clifford(47)
James Clifford(48) - Mary Clifford(50)
Joseph Clifford(51) - Sarah Clifford(55)
Charles Clifford(56) - Elizabeth Clifford(58)
Generation Five
Generation Six
Generation Seven
Hugh F. Clifford
End Notes

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Copyright © Canada, by Hugh F. Clifford

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Last updated 14.2.2004