honey bee

Small Scale Beekeeping
by Curtis Gentry

Table of contents

adapted for the web by Conrad Bérubé
Island Crop Management
email: uc779(at)freenet.victoria.bc.ca

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Copyright © 2007 Conrad Bérubé, site design, concept and scripting. All rights reserved worldwide.

web version copyright © 2002 Conrad Bérubé, site design, concept and scripting

Printed material from Small Scale Beekeeping (by Curtis Gentry. 1982. Peace Corps office of Information Collection and Exchange, Washington, DC. Illustrated by Stacey Leslie) may be freely reproduced, without changes, for non-commercial purposes (education and development). The html version is copyrighted and may not be reproduced in electronic form without the consent of the copyright holder (but as long as you're not selling it permission to duplicate will be granted upon request-- contact me at the email address in the banner above)


Appendix A

Resources and Bibliography

The International Bee Research Association (IBRA) is an international clearing house for bee research and beekeeping information. IBRA publishes Bee World, a quarterly journal of a general nature, and the Journal of Apicultural Research, a quarterly technical publication.


Recently, IBRA published with financial support from the Canadian International Development Research center a series of ten leaflets, Source Materials for Apiculture, providing information-- often sought by beekeepers in developing countries, individual leaflets are free to addresses in developing countries. The titles of the leaflets are:

No. 1 Suppliers of equipment for tropical and subtropical beekeeping

No. 2 Marketing bee products: addresses of importers and agents

*No. 3 Planting for bees in developing countries

No. 4 Opportunities for training in apiculture world-wide

No. 5 Sources of voluntary workers for apicultural development

*No. 6 Sources of grant-aid for apicultural development

*No. 7 Obtaining apicultural information for use in developing countries

*No. 8 Apicultural reference books for developing countries

No. 9 Educational aids on apiculture

No. 10 Writing about apiculture: guidelines for authors

* These are especially useful for small-scale projects.


The Bibliography of Tropical Apiculture is another publication of IBRA. This is a series of detailed bibliographies on bees, beekeeping, and beekeeping development in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Pertinent sections of the bibliography are ,available free to certain libraries and resource centers in developing countries.

Peace Corps Information Collection and Exchange has worked out an arrangement with IBRA to provide technical assistance on beekeeping for Volunteers. Specific requests for information should be sent to Peace Corps, information Collection and Exchange, M-701, 806 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington D.C. 20526. ICE will refer the questions to IBRA if necessary.

For more information on IBRA or to request publications write:

18 North Road
Cardiff, CF10 3DT
Tel.: 029 20372409
Fax:-029 20665522
Email: books@ibra.org.uk

The International Agency for Apicultural Development (IAAD) is an organization of scientists, technicians, and beekeepers who are working to promote beekeeping development. The agency provides a link between its members and development funding agencies. IAAD also co-sponsors a yearly seminar each summer on development apiculture. Members of IAAD have beekeeping experience in most regions of the world and may be able to provide you with contacts in your area.

For more information on IAAD, write:

3201 Huffman Blvd.
Rockford, Illinois 61103


The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has a number of publications dealing with bees and beekeeping. These are for sale from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing office, Washington, D.C. 20401, U.S.A. (Minimum order of $1.00.)

The following USDA publications may be useful for small-scale projects:

Beekeeping for Beginners, Home and Garden Bulletin 158

Beekeeping in the United States, Agriculture Handbook 335

A good overview of "high-tech" beekeeping; thus, it is useful to gain a perspective on the possibilities of beekeeping.

Insect Pollination of Cultivated Crop Plants, Agriculture Handbook 496

A comprehensive treatment of the pollination requirements and recommendations for both temperate and tropical crop plants.

Pesticides and Honey Bees, Leaflet 563

Selecting and operating Beekeeping Equipment, Farmers' Bulletin 2204

Identification and Control of Honey Bee Diseases, Farmers' Bulletin 2255

Nosema Disease, Technical Bulletin 1569

Shade and Water for the Honey Bee Colony, Leaflet 530



Other USDA publications of a more "high-tech" nature are:

Development of Hybrid Honey Bees, Production Research Report 168

Instrumental Insemination of Queen Bees, Agriculture Handbook 390

Overwintering of Honey Bee Colonies, Production Research Report 169

Trapping Pollen from Honey Bee Colonies Production Research Report 163

Two-Queen System of Honey Bee Colony Management, Production Research Report 161

Using Honey Bees to Pollinate Crops, Leaflet 549

Supplemental Feeding of Honey Bee Colonies, AIB 413


Note: Single copies of USDA publications can be received free, if available, from: USDA, SEA, Information Staff, 6009 South Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20250, U.S.A. Include a brief statement on your interests and project in your request.


There are many books on bees and beekeeping. The following were selected for their comprehensiveness and for their usefulness to beekeepers working in small-scale development projects. The prices quoted are in U.S. dollars and are for 1982. They do not include postage; thus, include sufficient money for air mail postage when ordering these books from outside of their country of origin.

Complete ordering information is provided for all titles, including those available from ICE. However, note that titles which are available from ICE are free of charge to PCVs and staff and can be ordered by writing Peace Corps, Information collection and Exchange, Room M-701, 806 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington D.C. 20526.

ABC and XYZ of Bee Culture, The A.I. Root Company, P.O. Box 706 Medina, Ohio 44256, U.S.A., 1974, 726 pp.

A popular-oriented encyclopedia on bees and beekeeping.

A.I. Root also publishes Gleanings in Bee Culture, a monthly, popular-oriented journal. They also have a catalog of beekeeping supplies and equipment. (Don't overlook the educational value of a catalog.)

La Apicultura: Guia Practica, Como Trabajar con las Abejas, (In Spanish), J.D. Spence. Proyecto Desarrollo Apicola, Nebaj, Guatemala, 1980, 222 pp. Order from: Centro de Recursos para el Desarrollo, Apartado Postal 52, Chimaltenango, Guatemala.

A simple, how-to guide to the methods of "high-tech" beekeeping. Well illustrated. Recommended for those working in Spanish-speaking America.

Apicultura Tropical, (In Spanish), Dario Espina P. and Gonzalo S. Ordetx. Editorial Tecnologica de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica, 1981, 420 pp.

A good book dealing with "high-tech" beekeeping for those working in tropical America.


A Beekeeping Handbook, Bernhard Clauss. Ministry of Agriculture, Beekeeping Officer, Private Bag 003, Gaborone, Botswana, 1980, 65 pp.

Includes methods and photos of beekeeping with top-bar hives. Also includes photos of the construction of mud hives. Especially recommended for those working in Africa.

The Beekeeper's Handbook, Diana Sammataro and Alphonse Avitable. Peach mountain Press, Ltd., Box 126, Dexter, Michigan 48130, U.S.A., 1978, 131 pp.

A practical guide to bees and to beekeeping as carried on in the U.S. Recommended as an orientation to "high-tech" beekeeping.

Beekeeping in Rural Development: Unexploited beekeeping potential in the tropics with particular reference to the commonwealth, Commonwealth Secretariat IBRA, 1979, 196 pp.

Case studies of the beekeeping situation in various regions and countries. Available free to addresses in developing countries from:

Commonwealth Secretariat
Food Production and Rural Development Division
Marlborough House
Pall Mall
London SWlY 5HX


Beekeeping in Zambia, R.E.M. Silberrad. Apimondia, Bucharest, Romania, 1976, 76 pp. (Available from IBRA.)

Provides an excellent orientation to the nature of beekeeping with African bees.


Beekeeping Technical Cooperation: Directory and Guidelines, W. Drescher and Eva Crane. 1982.

A guide to starting and funding large-scale development programs. Available free to addresses in developing countries from:

German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ)
Postfach 5180
6236 Eschborn I
German Federal Republic


A Book of Honey, Eva Crane. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1980, 194 pp.

Discusses the composition and properties of honey, the uses of honey, and the role of honey in folklore and literature.


Contemporary Queen Rearing, Harry E. Laidlaw, Jr. Dadant and Sons , Hamilton, Illinois 62341, U.S.A., 1979, 199 pp.

A complete guide to the methods of large-scale queen production. Includes sections on the history of the techniques, package bee production, and bee stock maintenance and improvement. (Royal jelly is produced using the basic techniques covered in this book.)

The Dancing Bees, Karl von Frisch. Harcourt, Brace and World, New York, 1953, 182 pp.

A highly readable account of the life history and the senses of the honey bee. Includes a discussion of the author's work on the communication system of bees.

The Hive and the Honey Bee, Dadant and Sons, Hamilton, Illinois, U.S.A., 1975, 740 pp.

The most comprehensive book available on all aspects of bees and beekeeping.

Dadant and Sons also publishes the monthly American Bee Journal, the widest-interest journal in the U.S. dealing with bees and beekeeping. You can also request a catalog of beekeeping supplies and equipment from this company.

Let's Build a Bee Hive, Wilbert R. Miller, 2028 W. Sherman Street, Phoenix, Arizona 85009, '62 U.S.A., 1976, 92 pp.

A carpentry book which contains plans and tips on building a wide range of "high-tech" beekeeping equipment.


Make Your Own Bee Hives and Make Your Own Honey Extractor, Garden Way Publishing, Charlotte, Vermont 05445, 1977, 8 pp. each.

Well-drawn and explained plans for building this equipment.

Preparation of Honey for Market, G.F. Townsend. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Ontario, Canada, 1976, 38 pp.

Describes commercial-scale extraction and processing of honey using high-technology food processing equipment. Contains a brief section on small-scale honey extraction. The booklet also covers the principles of maintaining high quality in honey. (You may be able to obtain this for free if you request it on an official letterhead.)


The following titles are available to PCVs and staff through ICE:

Apicultura Lucrativa by Walter T. Kelley, The Walter T. Kelley Co., Clarkson, Kentucky 42726, U.S.A., 1977, 104 pp. (Spanish only.)

This guide written in Spanish, outlines the procedures involved in beekeeping. Chapters include information on beekeeping equipment, placement and construction of the apiary, description of bee activity, treatment of diseases and pests and collection and uses of honey complete with illustrative photographs. A serviceable guide for the apiculturist working in small-scale beekeeping projects. Available to PC offices/resource centers only; two copies per country.


Firewood Crops: Shrub and Tree Species for Energy Production, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1980, 237 pp.

Discusses other uses of these plants. Some are important bee forage in certain areas. One copy is free if requested on you organization's letterhead. Order from:

Commission on international Relations
National Academy of Sciences -
National Research Council
2101 Constitutional Avenue
Washington, D.C. 20418

Lesson Plans for Beekeeping by PC/Philippines, ICE Reprint 7-32, 1978, 62 pp.

Step-by-step procedures and basic technical information for starting small-scale beekeeping projects, presented as a series of lessons.

Available to all PCVs and staff through ICE.

Small Scale Beekeeping-- Table of Contents
Copyright © 2007 Conrad Bérubé, site design, concept and scripting. All rights reserved worldwide.

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