How to Darn a Sock

Darn a Sock Instructions
and Tips.




Darn a Sock


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Darning a Sock
Instructions and Tips


Why Darn a Sock


A hole in a sock cannot
just be sewed together with
a needle and thread, as this
changes the contour of the
sock and possibly a lump
in the sock.

A proper darned sock leaves
follows the contour of the sock,
and leaves no lump in, the sock.

The sock is also comfortable
to wear.

Some people would say,
why would you want to
darn a sock, when you
can just but a new one.

Have you ever had a pair
of socks that fit so well and
felt so right, not to tight,
stays up and very comfortable.

This would be one of those
times to darn. How about
a type of security sock, the
ones your child just loves.

Or just for the challenge,
to see if you can do it?

No matter what the reasons,
you save yourself money,
by repairing.


Darning, Getting
Started


Darning socks is a little like
trying to solve a puzzle.

One must decide where to
start, and from there, the
weaving begins, in and out
until the patch is complete.

Choose the yarn, wool
that matches your
sock in thickness and color.

Use a round hard object
like (a round hard ball)
to place inside the sock,
this holds the sock in place
while mending.

This contains the hole
in one position, while
you work on it.

The round hard object also
helps guide the darning
needle end to slip
smoothly across the hole.

Start by turning the sock
INSIDE-OUT and work in
good light.

When darning a hole in
a sock, the hole is slowly
filled by weaving yarn in
and out, from one side of
the hole, to the other side
of the hole, which creates
a network of yarn stitches
to fill the hole.

In this example, different
color of wool are used,
so you can see the stitching.


Darning Socks
Pictures


In-side-out sock with
ball inside, and first
stitches placed across
darning hole in sock darning first pass with yarn

Secondary stitches placed,
across the first stitches,
sock remains inside-out.
darning stitches finished, sock still inside out darned Sock turned inside out, and finished stitches
Finished sock turned right side out.


Thread a Darning Needle


To thread the needle, fold
the wool in half, about an inch
from the end of the wool.
Pinch the wool between
your fingers forming a
blunt point, and press it
against the eye of the needle.

The wool will easily slip
through the eyelet of
the needle.


Placing the Stitches


With scissors, trim off any
ragged edges around the
hole.

Start, by choosing a blunt
darning needle with a
large eye, and a length
of yarn that is comfortable
for you to handle.

Do not make a knot at the
end of the yarn.

Whether you darn a cotton
sock, or a wool sock, the
repair is the same.

Match the yarn to the sock.

Use double yarn strand
for heavy duty work
socks and single strand for
dress socks.

Single strand yarn will do
for most light duty socks.

Acrylic yarn is the most
available yarn, and can
be used on every type
of sock.

Start three stitches away
from the edge of the hole,
leave about half an inch
of yarn sticking out of
the sock.

From here on do an over
the sock hole edge and
then a under, on to the
other side of the hole.

Alternate the over and under
of the hole edge, on each
new row. This helps provide
a smoothness, so you will
not feel a lump in the sock.




Each row will be stitched the
opposite of the preceding row.
This helps blend the stitching
to the sock.

On the far side of the hole,
stitch a couple of stitches
into the sock before coming
back the other way
(back towards you).

Always go a couple of
stitches past the hole on
both sides.

If the sock is badly worn
around the hole, make a
couple extra stitches past
the hole.

When you run out of yarn,
just finish with a couple of
stitches into the sock,
and cut off the yarn,
leaving about a half inch
sticking out of the sock, do
not knot the end.

Add new yarn into the
needle and start with two
or three stitches into the
sock and carry on, just like
when you first started.

Completely cover the hole in
one direction with yarn.

You should have spaces
between each row the
thickness of the yarn.

Start the secondary stitches,
keeping the yarn as close
together as possible, to
obtain a tight weave.

It is under and over stitching
until the hole is completed.

Keep the wool tension
moderate while darning.

Use the end of the needle as
you darn, to position
the stitches for a uniform
look.

Turn the sock right side out,
for a finished look.

For very large holes, because
of the circumference of the
darning ball, darn to the
center of the hole, pull all
the yarn through and
then continue finishing the
stitch across the hole


How to Reinforce
Worn Socks


If you catch it early enough,
before an actual hole develops,
you can reinforce the area
in question.

Just start darning the area,
using the worn bare threads
of the sock to weave in
and out of the sock.

You do not have to add the
secondary cross stitches,
just go back and forth
until the weak area is
completely covered.

You can even stitch in
reinforcement on a new
sock to reinforce the area
that will be the first spot
to wear.

This will extend the wear
time for the sock.

If you like, you can use
a entirely different color
to add some flair


Darning Socks,
Extra Tips


When first learning to darn,
start with a shorter
pieces of yarn, this lessens
the chance of the wool
bunching into knots, when
drawing the yarn through
the strands.

Later you will learn how to
let the yarn lay, off to the
side to prevent bunching.

You can then lengthen the
yarn as you master this
technique.

At times, while darning, use
the end of the needle's a tool
to position the darned wool
for consistency, this helps
make a professional looking job.



What Causes Holes
in Socks


A hole in a sock is caused by
the friction in the sock, when
the sock material is moved
between the foot and shoe.

Sharp toenails hasten a hole,
and if you happen to have
upturned toenails, holes
appear in socks even sooner.

By keeping your toenails
trimmed, your sock will
last much longer.


History of Socks



People started using animal fur
wrapped around their foot
and ankle as socks.

The first hand knitted socks
came out of Egypt, as the
tombs of Egypt indicate this.

Before people wore knitted
socks, they had socks made
of sewn cloth.

The first mechanical knitted
socks appeared in the
public about 1589, when
the first knitting machine
was invented.


Common Sock
Fabrics,
Characteristics


Silk

Smooth and strong,
moisture absorbing.

Cotton


Moisture absorbing,
breathable, dries slowly,
provides no insulation
when wet.

Wool


Breathes, provides warmth
when wet, provides
cushioning, has shape
recovery, dries slowly.

Nylon


Lightweight, very strong,
stretchable, non-absorbent,
dries quickly.

Acrylic


Durable, soft, wooly feel.

Polyester


Lightweight, strong, resistant
to stretch, mildew resistant.

Polypropylene


very durable, repels moisture.

Linen


Highly absorbent, feels cool
to the touch, very strong,
tends to break at constant
creases.

Cashmere


Soft, silky, lightweight.

Mohair


Smooth, glossy, wiry.




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