by George Mander
Imagine you are looking at ‘Glowing Amber’ – my
miniature rose with tiny petals that are yellow at the base and blend
into hot red as they reach
upward. Now imagine magnifying it a notch to a mini-flora or patio size. I now
have such a rose. From the time it germinated in 2000, I have called it my big ‘Glowing
Amber’. But I registered it this June with IRAR, and now I call it ‘Ingrid’ after
‘Ingrid’ came from a cross of ‘Hot Tamale’ with ‘Rubies ’n’ Pearls’.
I am sure it inherited its bi-colour from ‘Rubies ’n’ Pearls’ just
as ‘Glowing Amber’ did.
After twenty years of working with big roses,
I changed direction in 1989 and started hybridizing minis only. Most of you
are familiar with my first mini, ‘Rubies ’n’ Pearls’,
registered in 1992. From 1991 to1998 I have exclusively used ‘June
a seed parent and ‘Rubies ’n’ Pearls’ as pollen parent.
This cross produced ‘Glowing Amber’ and many other good minis.
in 1998 I started to use ‘Hot Tamale’ as seed parent. It
is an orange blend miniature rose bred by Canadian-born Keith Zary for
Jackson & Perkins.
Unexpectedly, most resulting seedlings were too large and too tall to call
miniature. Wasn’t it lucky that just at that time the new mini-flora
class was established?
I switched over to ‘Hot Tamale’ because
it never had mildew or blackspot from the time I first grew it. As it
sets seed readily, I went all-out in 1999
and did hundreds of crosses on about 40 plants of it growing in 2 gallon
pots. For every one of those crosses I used ‘Rubies 'n' Pearls’ as
the pollen parent. As it is also very mildew resistant (but gets blackspot
sprayed) I thought it would be a very good combination to produce some
very disease resistant seedlings. My crosses produced nearly 4000 seeds,
but only about 500
germinated. I waited with great anticipation for the results. Exactly
the opposite happened from what I had expected, and it was the greatest
my 30 years of hybridizing roses. When the seedlings were 2 weeks old,
mildew started on just a few, and within 2 weeks it spread like wildfire
to about 95
% of the plants. Just like in previous years, I grew the seedlings in
my basement under grow lights. 90 % were thrown out before I even saw
and I only kept 10 seedlings for further tests. By 2004, more had to
go because of too much mildew and now there are six left.
There are a
number of reasons why I selected the ‘Ingrid’ rose over
the five other sister seedlings that I am still testing at this time.
First and foremost it had the ‘Glowing Amber’ colour which
is now well known world wide. The foliage is above average in disease
resistance. It’s the
most vigourous rose in 36 years of hybridizing. In my five years of testing
this rose I found it to be above average in winter hardiness, plus “the
blooms don’t mind the rain, like a duck in the water” as
one of my rose friends in California wrote to me.
The foliage is extremely
shiny. I wanted to exhibit ‘Ingrid’ at the
September 2005 Vancouver Rose Society parlour show, and asked them to
add a single specimen class for mini-flora roses. It didn’t happen.
So I managed to find one spray (with two blooms) to qualify for the only
class. Then came a big
surprise: it was disqualified ! – not judged ! The note on my entry
tag read : “Suspect ‘leafshine’ applied to foliage”.
After showing roses for twenty-five years, I know better than to try
this form of cheating.
By rubbing the foliage with a tissue, I showed the judges that there
was nothing foreign applied to the foliage. But the judging was done.
Well – this little
anecdote demonstrates how shiny the foliage is!
The only negative characteristic
about this rose is that it has many prickles!
Up to 2004, I had only three
plants and my wife liked the blooms very much, but wanted to wait one
more season with more blooms to see before
it. In 2005
I had seven plants. I put them in larger pots and gave them the best
care and fertilizer. My extra work paid off with lots of noble blooms
with 5 to 9 blooms each. During the summer of 2005, I took many digital
photos and have now uploaded 18 of the ‘Ingrid’ rose to HelpMeFind
Roses, where I now have a total of about 230 photos of my different varieties.
by mid-June 2005 my wife and I were convinced that it may be a better
rose than ‘Glowing
Amber’ – my best up to now.
My hybridizing goal for the future
will remain minis and mini-floras. With the seed parents in pots, I can
take them inside under grow lights
to ripen the hips further. For big roses one should have a greenhouse
because in the open the hips never ripen properly to get good germination.
main reason I switched to hybridizing minis in 1988/89. I have learned
all this the hard way after hybridizing big roses in the open for twenty
There are three other mini-flora sister seedlings of ‘Ingrid’ which
may be introduced in the near future. Two are numbered, MAN 2/00 and
MAN 3/00 and one registered as ‘Pink Topaz’. All three can
be seen at HelpMeFind Roses with photos and Breeders Comments. Budwood
of these three plus 15 other
varieties was send to The Netherlands for tests in 2004. In August 2005
the first reports received indicated that ‘Ingrid’ is their
No.1 favourite! ‘Glowing Amber’ is their second.
note : * * *
Mr. Mander lives in Coquitlam, B.C., where he is occupied mostly with
care-giving for his wife who hopes to see the rose bearing her name succeed
He is best known for the pure white ‘Canadian White Star’ that
was chosen by Canada Post for one of the rose stamps in 2001. We still
from rose friends with that stamp on them.
He informed Roses-Canada that ‘Ingrid’ was
introduced by Hortico in the autumn of 2005 and may be sold out by now.
in B.C. will introduce
it in spring 2006. In the U.S.A., it will be introduced by John's Miniature Roses in 2008. It may also be introduced in Europe in the near
First published by ROSES CANADA. Nov. 2005 issue.
Reprinted with permission. Edited by Harry McGee