Before sticking prepared cuttings into pots, dip into Hormone Rooting Powder to a depth of approximately 3/4 inch. Tap lightly to remove excess powder & stick cutting about 1 inch deep. Use powder for softwood or semi-hardwood. My powder contains fungicide to prevent rotting. The "BEST" you can buy is Rhizopon AA#3 powder (0.8% IBA in talc). Cuttings are now ready to go in dish pan and under lights. Basement temp. is 66 F or 19 C.