Global Warming Mitigation Method

 

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Introduction


The greatest source of terrestrial energy is the sun and its greatest terrestrial storehouse is the ocean with the downside of this thermal build-up being thermal expansion of the oceans and the melting of polar icecaps.

A recent
Nature article, "Robust warming of the global upper ocean" points out that the average amount of energy the ocean has absorbed over the period 1993 to 2008 is enough to power nearly 500 100-watt light bulbs for each of the roughly 6.7 billion people on the planet. This amounts to 330 terawatts (TW) whereas the total annual world energy consumption in 2006 for all primary energy sources was only 15.8TW.

As Charles H. Greene Director, Ocean Resources and Ecosystems Program, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, and others recently noted in a paper,
A Very Inconvenient Truth, due to the ocean's thermal inertia this build up of energy in the ocean makes atmospheric warming essentially irreversible for the next thousand years even if we immediately stopped adding CO2 to the atmosphere.

The First law of thermodynamics dictates that, "the increase in the internal energy of a system is equal to the amount of energy added by heating the system minus the amount lost as a result of the work done by the system on its surroundings."

The way therefore to dissipate some of the heat the oceans have and are absorbing is to covert this energy to work as would be accomplished by producing electrical energy by the process of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC).

There are numerous contending non-carbon energy sources attempting to gain a foothold in a carbon-constrained environment but only the Global Warming Mitigation Method (GWMM) has the capacity to address both the cause and major effect of climate change at the same time as it meets the disparate needs of the rich and poor nations of the world.

Developing countries need value-added crops for food, fuel, fibre and building materials and these will sequester CO2.

Leonard Ornstein, a cell biologist at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, and NASA climate modelers Igor Aleinov and David Rind have outlined a similar plan to sow the deserts in the Journal of Climatic Change. They conclude it
"probably provides the best, near-term route to complete control of greenhouse gas induced global warming".

The developed countries need a remedy for sea level rise which the insurance industry recently forecast will cause
$28 trillion in damage to the world's largest coastal cities by 2050.

GWMM affords both.

GWMM provides a method of sequestering carbon dioxide and water in a desert environment. In a first step heat that would otherwise cause thermal expansion of the ocean and resultant sea level rise is extracted to produce energy. A portion of the energy is used to desalinate seawater. The desalinate water is pumped into a desert environment and vegetation is planted in the irrigated desert portion. The vegetation sequesters carbon dioxide. The seawater extracted for desalination further reduces sea level rise. Irrigation water moderates the day and night time temperature fluctuations of hot deserts. Lowering the daytime temperature increases the deserts potential to sequester water. The commercial and arable potential of the desert is augmented by the enrichment of its soil by composted vegetation, its irrigation and the moderation of its diurnal temperature fluctuations.GWMM is committed to developing all forms of energy available at sea, including wave, wind, sea currents, all forms of solar energy conversion, and particularly, ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC).