"To see a world in a grain of sand"
William Blake: Auguries of Innocence





Created: Dec. 3, 2000
Updated: Dec. 22, 2014
by Documents that Work


The Gabriola Historical and Museum Society  publishes SHALE, which is edited by Nick Doe.

This webpage contains an index of contributing authors, with links to the summaries of their articles.

    Go to
  • the homepage for information about contributing to or obtaining SHALE.
  • the back-issues page for summaries of the major articles and lists of the other contents in all back issues.
  • the topics page for a list of all topics covered to date, with links to summaries of the major articles.

Index of authors

People whose articles, reviews, and research notes have appeared in SHALE are:
Amanda Adams, Dr. Jean Barman, Carol Ann Borden, Dr. Brian Chisholm, Beryl Cryer, Nick Doe, Dr. Stephen Earle, Phyllis Fafard, Anne Gartshore, Jenni Gehlbach, June Harrison, Andrew Hebda, Barrie Humphrey, Gwyneth Jones, J.P. (Hamish) Kimmins, Erik Krogh, Anna Leather, Dr. Loraine Littlefield, Doris Lundy, Dr. Donald D. Martin, Lynda Poulton, Janice Power, Phyllis Reeve, Paul Smith, Kit Szanto, E. Joyce White, B. Parker Williams, Norman Windecker, and Fred Withey. Brief bios follow, with the titles of their contributions to SHALE.

Adams, Amanda

Amanda came to Gabriola in the summer of 2002 to study the island's petroglyphs when she was collecting data for her thesis for her Master's degree in archaeology at UBC. She lives in San Francisco, is a former fashion model, was featured in Levi's 2005 national print campaign as an archaeologist, and in 2006 Greystone Books released her first book A Mermaid's Tale: a personal search for love and lore.

Visions cast on stone-- a stylistic analysis of Gabriola's petroglyphs (Issue No.17)

Barman, Dr. Jean

Jean is a well-known BC historian who teaches at UBC. She specializes in hitherto unacknowledged contributions of the "ordinary" people of BC to British Columbian society. She is the author of the books The West Beyond the West-- a History of British Columbia and Growing Up in British Columbia-- Boys in Private School, and is the co-author of Vancouver Past: Essays in Social History and of Indian Education in Canada.

Island Sanctuaries-- early mixed-race settlement on Gabriola and nearby coastal islands (Issue No.2)
Lost Nanaimo-- taking back our past (Issue No.8)

Borden, Carol Ann

Carol Ann is a Senior Instructor (emeritus) in the Department of Botany at UBC. Her son's family lives on Gabriola Island.

Diatoms on Gabriola (Issue No.24)

Chisholm, Dr. Brian

Brian teaches in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at UBC and is also involved in archaeological research.

Aboriginal burials on Gabriola Island (Issue No. 5, research note)

Cryer, Beryl

Beryl Cryer was an amateur anthropologist who collected stories from First Nations people in the 1930s. She published them under the title "Indian Legends of Vancouver Island" in the Victoria paper of that time, The Daily Colonist.

Last fight of the Cly-Altw (Issue No.4)

Doe, Nick

Nick is a Gabriolan who stares at rocks a lot and writes (usually) non-controversial papers on tides, obscure 18th century navigational techniques, and anything else that fascinates him. He is a retired engineer and the editor of SHALE.

Additions and corrections to dates for archaeological sites around False Narrows (Issue No.21)
Alcalá Galiano's sketchmaps of Gabriola (Issue No.1)
Alignment and geometry of petroglyphs at DgRw-229 (Issue No.17)
Alignment of the petroglyphs at sites DgRw-224 and -234 (Issue No.17)
Alligatoring on the beach (Issue No.12)
An ammonite for SHALE (Issue No.6, research note)
Around the island in 1853 (Issue No.1)
The art of voting scientifically (Issue No.4)
A bigger, better ammonite for SHALE (Issue No.12, research note)
Boat building at Silva Bay (Joseph Silva) (Issue No.22, research note)
The Brachyopoda of Gabriola Island (Issue No.26)
"Brown stuff" weathering and manganese in your drinking water (Issue No.14)
Charting Gabriola—the survey of HMS Egeria, 1904 (Issue No.22)
Charts from the Malaspina expedition (Issue No.25, research note)
Context for Gabriola's archeology (Issue No.15)
Controversy and polarized opinions (Issue No.23, editorial)
Crop circles and petroglyphs (Issue 24, research note)
Curious nodules (Issue No.9)
Dendrochronology (Issue No.8, research note)
Drought of the 1930s (Issue No.25, research note)
Elecromagnetic radiation--is it healthy? (Issue No.23)
Fish and babbling brooks (Issue 24, research note)
Formation of Malaspina Galleries (Issue No.9)
Gabriola coastal placenames (including Mudge) (Issue No.25)
Gabriola's changing climate--and groundwater (Issue No.23)
Gabriola's fractures--their origins (Issue No.20)
Gabriola's greenhouse gases (Issue No. 5, research note)
Gabriola's nose and tail (Issue No.22)
Gabriola's shape--including some surmises (Issue No.20)
Gabriola's submarine-fan formations (Issue No.7)
Gabriola's trees-- a brief history (Issue No.2, with Paul Smith)
Geology of Gabriola's roads (Issue No.9)
Geology of Gabriola Island's diatomaceous earth (Issue No.24)
The geometry of honeycomb weathering of sandstone (Issue No.26)
George Vancounver visits Gabriola (Issue No.14)
Great balls of stone-- concretions (Issue No.9)
Greenhouse gas emissions from Gabriola (Issue 24, research note)
Groundwater budgets (Issue No.14)
Groundwater notes (Issue No.11, with Norman Windecker)
The Haida myth (Issue No. 2, Tall tales)
Heteromorph ammonite (Issue 24, research note)
Holes in sandstone at great heights (Issue No.22, research note)
How Gabriola came to be (Issue No.7)
Hul'qumi'num-- Gabriola's first language (Issue No.3)
Ice-age Gabriola (Issue 28, research note)
Inoceramus vancouverensis-- big clams (Issue No.4)
It's about pointy rocks (Issue No.7)
Just tell them it's Tafoni (Issue No.2, research notes)
Malaspina Galleries-- what's in a name? (Issue No.8)
Malcolm Lowry's stars (Issue No.22)
Minimizing greenhouse gas: bridge v. ferry (Issue 24, research note)
A Most Unusual Petroglyph (Issue No.10)
More About Runnels (Issue No.10)
More Gabriola ammonite fossils (Issue No.22, research note)
More…groundwater notes (Issue No.18)
More pre-emption notes (Issue 24, research note)
Mussel invasion at False Narrows (Issue 24, research note)
Non-marine weathering of sandstone and mudrock (Issue No.25)
Observations for the curious at sites DgRw193, 198 and 201 (Issue No.17)
Observing the winter solstice at DgRw228 (Issue No.17)
Old dogs (Issue No.3, research note)
Old growth? (Issue No.3, research note)
One-way tides (Issue 24, research note)
Orientation of fractures on Gabriola (Issue No.20)
Origin of Gabriola's name (Issue No.13)
Paleoastronomy at petroglyph site DgRw230 (Issue No.17)
Petroglyphs and equinoxes (Issue No.14)
Petroglyphs-- discovery and demise (editorial, Issue No.13)
Petroglyph at the garden party—DgRw 253 (Issue 28, research note)
Petroglyph studies in the cemetery (Issue No.17)
Review of books about the role of disease, particularly smallpox, in the history of the BC coast (Issue No.2)
Review of books about treaty talks in BC and aboriginal self-government (Issue No.3)
A Russian map of Gabriola-- 1849 (Issue No.3)
Salt-weathering of Nanaimo Group sandstone (Issue No.23)
Sandstone and shale-- Gabriola's origins (Issue No.1)
Simón Gaviola's family connections—18th-century placenames in the Strait of Georgia (Issue No.26)
A small midden DgRw-251 at False Narrows (Issue No.25)
The smoking economy (Gabriola tobacco exports) (Issue No.22, research note)
So is this where the dinosaurs went? (Issue No.7, research note)
Spheroidal weathering (Issue No.13)
Stars in stone-- Ursa Major, Gemini and Orion petroglyphs at DgRw 230 (Issue No.18)
Steinpilze-- rock mushrooms (Issue No.7)
Stress on Gabriola (Issue No.20)
Summer tides (Issue No.5, research note)
Tatshenshini-Alsek petroglyph (Issue No.22, research note)
Terra firma? GPS measurements around Gabriola (Issue No.20)
The tabla of Toba Inlet (Issue No.11)
Ticks (Issue 24, research note)
Time for a beer (Issue No.25, research note)
Trace elements (Issue No.18, research note)
Two tides a day? (Issue No.6)
Varnish clams (Issue 24, research note)
What Gabriola is made of (Issue No.7)
What makes holes in sandstone (Issue No.9)
Who named Saturna Island? (Issue No. 18)
Why does a mirror reverse left-to-right but not up-to-down?—depicting asterisms (Issue No. 18, research note)
Why does water in the sink drain away counter-clockwise-- and why should we care? (Issue No.5, research note)
Windy New Mexico(Issue No.22, research note)
Winter tides (Issue No.10, research note)

Earle, Dr. Steven

Steve lives in Nanaimo and is Chair of the Department of Geology at Vancouver Island University. He maintains a general-interest earth science website with a Vancouver Island flavour. He also leads field trips which non-students are usually able to arrange to attend.

The ups and downs of Gabriola's sea-level changes (Issue No.5)
Geochemistry of Gabriola's groundwater (Issue No.7)

Fafard, Phyllis

Phyllis is a creative and knowledgeable gardener and an expert on Gabriola's wild flora, both indigenous and imported.

Scotch broom-- the golden gangster (Issue No.4)

Gartshore, Anne

Anne lives on De Courcy Island.

The wild gardens of Ruxton Island (Issue No.5)

Gehlbach, Jenni

Jenni is a writer and editor who lives on Gabriola.

Book review: "Passage to Juneau-- A Sea and its Meanings" by Jonathan Raban (Issue No.4)
Gabriola's ambulance service-- the first 25 years, 1969-94 (Issue No.21)
Gabriolans and the sandstone quarries (Issue No.19)
Gabriola's dimension-stone quarry (Issue No.19)
Gabriola's millstone quarry (Issue No.19)
Gabriola's industrial past-- the brickyard (Issue No.15)
Gabriola's sandstone quarry-- the earliest days (Issue No.21)
The history of Gabriola's wharves (Issue No.27)
The origins of quarrying for sandstone on Gabriola (Issue No.19)
Unearthing the past-- Gabriola's diatomaceous earth mine (Issue No.24)
Withey's Shipyard at Silva Bay (Issue No.22)
Research notes: clarifying some mysteries remaining in Gabriola brickyard's history as published in Shale 15. (Issue No.18)

Harrison, June

June is a long-time resident of Gabriola, who served for many years as a trustee of the District 68 (Nanaimo-Ladysmith) School Board. She is a local historian, book author, journalist, and retired publisher of Gabriola's community newspaper The Flying Shingle.

The four schools of Gabriola (Issue No.11)

Hebda, Andrew

Andrew is with the Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax, NS.

A boring time at Brickyard Beach (Issue No.24)

Humphrey, Barrie

Barrie has been an active member of the Gabriola Historical and Museum Society for many years and was chair of the History Committee.

Clam curio-- the piddock (Issue No.24)
Come and gone; Come and gone (again); Come and gone again-- this time for good? Come and gone yet again. Four research notes on Robert Dombrain(e) (Issues Nos. 2, 5, 6, & 8)
Gabriola's caveman (Issue No. 16)
Gabriola's demographics in 1901 (Issue No. 24, research note)
The Gabriola School District—1872-79 (Issue 28)
The LeBoeuf family (Issue No.1)
Malaspina's Lost Gallery (Issue No.10)
Researching pioneer family history (Issue No.3)
Shopping in Nanaimo in 1857-- a look at the records of purchases in the Hudson's Bay Company store (Issue No. 12, research note)

Jones, Gwyneth

Gwyneth is with the Department of Biology, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, NS.

A boring time at Brickyard Beach (Issue No.24)

Kimmins, J.P. (Hamish)

Hamish Kimmins lives on Denman Island and is Professor of Forest Ecology at UBC. He has written extensively on the response of forest ecosysytems to "natural" disturbance, forest management, the nature of sustainability in ever-changing forests, and the ecological effects of clearcuting.

Ecological theatre on Gabriola-- managing the forests (Issue No.16)

Krogh, Erik

Erik lives in Nanaimo and is a Professor of Chemistry at Vancouver Island University.

Geochemistry of Gabriola's groundwater (Issue No.7)

Leather, Anna

Although Anna has lived on Gabriola since the early 1970s and considers it her home, she has travelled extensively. She has two children, works at The Haven, enjoys reading authors like Noam Chomsky, and recently has become a social activist.

Gabriola arrival (Issue No.16)

Littlefield, Dr. Loraine

Loraine is an anthropology graduate of UBC who lives in Nanaimo and Vancouver. For several years, she worked in the Snunéymuxw First Nation Treaty Office.

Beryl Cryer and the stories she collected (Issue No.6)
Coast Salish placenames on Gabriola (Issue No.2)
The Snunéymuxw village at False Narrows (Issue No.1)

Lundy, Doris

Doris is best known for her 1974 Simon Fraser University MA thesis "The Rock Art of the Northwest Coast". She recently retired from the Archeological Branch in Victoria.

Places of Power—speculations on archaeological motifs in British Columbia's rock art (Issue No.26)

Martin, Dr. Donald D.

Don is a retired physician who lives in California. He is the grandson of a Gabriola pioneer.

The Martin family of Gabriola (Issue No.5)

Poulton, Lynda

For many years Lynda was an active member of the board of the Gabriola Historical and Museum Society and took care of the museum's archives. She also served as its president. She is now pursuing her interest in genealogy.

An old fence-- how Indian reserves came to Gabriola (Issue No.5)
Captain B. A. Wake and his family (Issue No.5)
Gabriola's coal-mining connections (Issue No.16)
The Gabriola School District—1872-79 (Issue 28)
Land pre-emption on Gabriola (Issue No. 24, research note)
The LeBoeuf family (Issue No.1)
The Roberts family of Mudge Island (Issue No.8)

Power, Janice

Janice is a retired elementary school counsellor for School District 68. She came to Gabriola in 2001 from rural Saskatchewan where she had been a WI member. She has a private counselling business on Gabriola.

The Womens' Institute (Issue No. 28)

Reeve, Phyllis

Until her retirement in 2007, Phyllis and her husband Ted ran Page's Resort and Marina and Sandstone Studio. Her family still owns the resort and marina. Phyllis is an active member of Gabriola's cultural community and a longtime contributor to BC History.

Japanese Canadians in Silva Bay, 1918-1942 (Issue No. 25)
More Wharves in Silva Bay (Issue No. 28)
The net shed at Page's (Issue No.2, research notes)
Orcas at Page's (Issue No.12)
Page's Marina-- sixty years ago (Issue No.6)
Review of books about petroglyphs (Issue No.1)
Review of a book about Emily Carr (Issue No.3)
Review of a children's book about Brother XII (Issue No.4)
Review of a book about First Nations and dogs (Issue No.8)
Malcolm Lowry on Gabriola (Issue No.18)

Smith, Paul

Paul lives on Gabriola and has known the island since he was a child. He has a biology degree from UBC and works on forestry contracts.

Gabriola's trees-- a brief history (Issue No.2)

Szanto, Kit

Kit lives on Gabriola Island and is a member of the Museum History Committee.

Mirages (Issue No.21)

White, E. Joyce

Joyce is a writer who lives on Gabriola Island; she is also a member of the Museum History Committee.

Gabriola after the lights went on (Issue No.16, a research note)
Gabriola's heritage farm machinery Issue No.25)
The little log church at Silva Bay Issue No.28)
Newcastle Island's turbulent past (Issue No.4)
The South Gabriola Public Hall, 1913-79 (Issue No.22)
Surf Lodge (Issue No.8)

Williams, B. Parker

Parker is an engineer and former BC ferry employee who now lives in Nanaimo, where he was born the son of a Welsh coal miner.

The Gabriola ferry Eena 1955-64 (Issue No.2)

Windecker, Norman

Norman (now deceased) was a long-time resident of Gabriola who made his living drilling wells on the island. His son David now runs the business.

Groundwater notes (Issue No.11)

Withey, Fred

Fred ran Withey's Water Treatment on Gabriola for several years before selling his business and retiring. He had also lived on Gabriola as a child and teenager when his father Les Withey ran Withey's Shipyard at Silva Bay.

Ferry memories (Issue 24, a research note)

Wolsey, Bev

Bev Wolsey is the neice of Aula and Peter Bell; she was born and spent much of her childhood on Gabriola .

Gabriola childhood (Issue 25, short story)