Canadian Society for the Andalusian Horse


The Canadian Society for the Andalusian Horse provides these resource links at your own risk.

Emergency and Estate Planning - Caring for Your Horse

Disaster Preparedness for Horses - HCBC

Breeder Best Practices

The Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare


National Farm Animal Care Council-Code of Practice for the Care & Handling of Equines

Equine Vital Signs

Henneke Body Scoring System

Daily Water Intakes

How to START Feeding a Starved Horse (UC DAVIS)

Vet Tech Online Library


Horse Alliance of Canada
Horse Alliance of Canada ensures the communication of correct information related to the Canadian horse industry to horse owners and the general public.

Animal Law in Canada  
This site is for educational purposes only. It is a viewpoint specifically geared towards animal law in Canada but involves international topics as well. To better understand animal law in Canada, this website includes resources, laws in place, case study, currently updated news and current topics, and various animal organizations in Canada. In providing the resources, the reader will benefit from a better understanding of the current legislation and legal issues including the Federal, Provincial, and Municipal statutes and regulations that effect animals.

Animal Justice 
Animal Justice leads the legal fight for animals in Canada. Our lawyers work to pass strong new animal protection legislation, push for the prosecution of animal abusers, and fight for animals in court.

The Canadian Federation of Humane Societies  

Animal Welfare Foundation of Canada    

National Centre for the Prosecution of Animal Cruelty  
NCPAC provides resources to Crown prosecutors that support the successful prosecution of animal cruelty cases using the Criminal Code of Canada. The centre designs and delivers training to the prosecution community that reflects current best practices in animal cruelty prosecution in order to improve consistency and outcomes across the country.

2015 Canadian Animal Protection Laws Rankings  
Read a comparison of the provincial and territorial animal protection laws from the Animal Legal Defense Fund

(If your rescue is a registered charity, email us to add your name to this list)

Bear Valley Rescue - Sundre, Alberta  
Rescue 100 Horses Foundation - Sherwood Park, Alberta

Circle F Horse Rescue - Abbotsford, BC 
Crooked Lake Ranch - Quesnel, BC 

SouthWinds Horse Rescue - Oakville, Manitoba 

Horse Rescue Ontario & Sanctuary - Waterdown, ON 
Refuge RR for Horses - Alexandria, ON 
Whispering Hearts Horse Rescue Centre - Hagersville, ON 

Prince Edward Island
PEI Equine Retirement Society -  Brookfield, Prince Edward Island 

Refuge de Galahad -  Entrelacs, Quebec 
A Horse Tale - Hudson, Quebec 


The Criminal Code of Canada applies to wilful acts of cruelty or neglect, either by an animal’s owner or by someone else. Cases covered by the Criminal Code are usually investigated by community police or the RCMP, often in consultation with the appropriate SPCA or humane society. Maximum penalties vary depending on the type of conviction under the Criminal Code.

Two parts of the Criminal Code deal with cruelty to animals. When Royal Assent was given to Bill S-203 on April 17 2008, the penalties were increased and there were some other minor changes. Overall however, the animal cruelty section of the Criminal Code remains almost the same as when it was first written in 1892.

Section 264.1 makes it an offence to threaten animals. Sections 444 to 447 address cruelty directly, and are contained in the part of the Code dealing with "Wilful and Forbidden Acts in Respect of Certain Property."




The Animal Protection Act protects animals from distress due to neglect or abuse by their owner or caretaker. Peace officers from the Alberta SPCA, the Calgary Humane Society and the Edmonton Humane Society are appointed by the Solicitor General of Alberta and the Minister of Public Security to enforce the Animal Protection Act. Penalties can include restrictions on owning animals and fines of up to $20,000.

Alberta SPCA

Alberta Animal Protection Act
Alberta Animal Protection Regulations

British Columbia

The BC SPCA was created under the auspices of the provincial Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (PCA Act), and is the only animal welfare organization in BC that has the authority to enforce laws relating to animal cruelty, and to recommend charges for Crown Counsel for the prosecution of individuals who inflict suffering on animals. 


Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Regulations

The Manitoba government works with stakeholders to ensure the province has appropriate animal welfare laws that are clearly understood and followed. These services are delivered through the Animal Welfare Program of Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development.
The Animal Welfare Program of Manitoba Agriculture
Manitoba Animal Care Act

Manitoba Animal Care Regulations

New Brunswick
The mission of the NB SPCA is to provide province-wide leadership in humane treatment of animals, enforcement of relevant legislation, public education and advocacy, and to ensure that shelter is provided for neglected or abused animals.
New Brunswick SPCA
Animal Protection Act

Newfoundland and Labrador

The St. John’s SPCA is an adoptions-focused agency helping homeless cats and dogs find happy beginnings. We work with communities on the Avalon Peninsula to promote responsible pet ownership, and encourage and assist in spaying and neutering.
St John's SPCA 
Animal Health and Protection Act

Northwest Territories
The NWT SPCA is a non-profit, charitable, volunteer Board-ran organization dedicated to improving the quality of life for all domesticated animals  in the NORTH.  We do this through general public education and awareness, relationship building in communities and partnering with organizations outside and within the NWT. We are pleased to offer  various programs and services to the residents in the NWT. These services include animal rescue and protection initiatives, Pet Food and Supplies for Communities Program, adoption and fostering, and various volunteer shelter programs. We also offer a Community spay/neuter program partnering with Great Slave Animal Hospital.  
Northwest Territories SPCA
Herd and Fencing Act 

Nova Scotia
The Nova Scotia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty (Nova Scotia SPCA) has been protecting animals from cruelty since 1877, the Nova Scotia SPCA is a registered charity and has 11 Branches which rely primarily on volunteers and donations to fund cruelty prevention; animal rescue, rehabilitation, seeking justice, and education. The Act to Protect Animals and Aid Animals in Distress requires the Society to enforce animal cruelty laws, making the Nova Scotia SPCA unique among animal welfare organizations in the province. The Nova Scotia SPCA also the distinction of being founded as the first place in North America to pass laws for the prevention of cruelty to animals.
Nova Scotia SPCA
Animal Protection

The Iqaluit Humane Society is a dedicated group of volunteers working every day to shelter animals in Iqaluit and from many Nunavut communities. 
Iqaluit Humane Society


Through its province-wide network of 50 plus Communities, the Ontario SPCA is one of the largest, most responsive animal welfare organizations in the country, providing care and shelter for tens of thousands of animals every year.  The Ontario SPCA is unique amongst animal welfare organizations in Ontario: the Ontario SPCA Act mandates the Society to enforce animal cruelty laws and provides Society Branch and Affiliate investigators with police powers to do so.
Ontario SPCA
Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act  

Prince Edward Island
The PEI Humane Society is the Island’s only Shelter for homeless, injured and lost companion animals. They are a not-for- profit organization that assists over 1600 companion animals each year with no operational funding from any level of government.  
PEI Humane Society

Animal Health and Protection Act  

The SPA has the ambition to become a reference organization, a single window, in everything concerning the issue of animals in the territory of the cities it serves. In the long term, the SPA could afford to rule on animal issues occurring in any territory.
Quebec SPA
Animal Welfare and Safety Act  


The Animal Protection Act became law in 1999; under Saskatchewan law, animals are protected from “distress”.  The Animal Protection Act is enforced by Animal Protection Officers who work for a humane society or SPCA. Members of a municipal police service or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are also recognized under the Act as “animal protection officers.”

Saskatchwan SPCA
Saskatchewan Animal Protection Act
Saskatchewan Animal Protection Regulations

HSY was founded in 1987 as a direct result of a local Yukon outfitter allowing his horses to starve to death. The organization originally consisted of nothing more than a fenced-in dog area on Andrea and Florian Lemphers’s rural acreage and a second telephone line in their home. In 1989, Humane Society Yukon was officially registered as a non-profit society in the Yukon.
Yukon Humane Society
Animal Protection Act