About Milton Aupperle's Astro Images..

These are some of my Astronomical images taken with my IIDC cameras and my Astro Tech 8 Ritchey-Chrétien astrograph, Celestron 8" 201 mm Schmidt Cassegrain (with Carbon Fiber Tube) or my older Orion StarMax 127 mm Maksutov-Cassegrain scope on a Sky-Watcher HEQ5 mount. The Astro Tech 8 RC scope is my newest addition and has been a really great scope with no mirror flop, a good zero shift dual speed focuser and producing sharp color aberration free images with virtually no coma.

Cameras I use Flea Cooled Cameras OAG FW AT8RC Scope C8 FW OAG C8 Scope -36 Centigrade C8 Scope -24 Centigrade

I mainly use my x86 2.66 Ghz dual core Mac Book Pro 17" or G4 1.25 Ghz Mac Powerbook with a FireWire 400 PGR Color Flea, PGR FireWire 800 EXHAD Monochrome Grasshoppers and PGR USB 2 Chameleon Color to record uncompressed 320x240 to 1384x1036 QuickTime movies at up to 240 frames per second to exposures of 1 frame per hour. Because FireWire cameras can be daisy chained, I have one FireWire 800 cable running from the laptop to the two IIDC cameras on the scope, one camera for guiding (PGR Grasshopper 1) and one camera for imaging (PGR Grasshopper 2). So cable clutter is greatly reduced over using USB 2. Additionally, I can now control the ST4 Guide Port directly from the Flea or Grasshopper Camera's GPIO connector, which reduces my cable count to just one now and greatly improves the mounts response time. For planetary, lunar and solar imaging, I shoot either at prime focus (1625 mm) or if I get a rare stable night with the televue 2.5x barlow. Calgary lies directly under the Northern Jet Stream and during the winter months we also get frequent chinooks which creates perverse (+/- 30 degrees centigrade) inversions and winds to 100 km per hour. So good seeing in Calgary is as rare as electing honest and intelligent Canadian politicians. Now that I have the SkyWatcher HEQ5 mount with GoTo V3.29 SynScan hand controller, I purchased a GPSUB Auto Guider and used it with an inexpensive Apogee Inc 80 mm aperture F/4 refractor and a Unibrain color camera for guiding. However due to erratic flexure issues (mainly mirror shift on the C8, but also guide scope focuser and rings too), I have never been able to get good images over about 2 minute exposures.

So I switched to using a Celestron Radial Off Axis Guider (OAG) with the C8 scope and have now written a guide to setting one up. Using the the DMK 21AF04.AS 640x480 monochrome 8 bit camera, PGR Flea Color 640x480 16 bit camera or Grasshopper 1 1384x1026 Mono 16 Bit Camera, I can now reliably guide off Mag 7 to 10th stars with 1 second exposures in 4x4 binned modes under urban skies. With the Grasshopper 1 EXHAD CCD Camera - I can easily guide at 15 fps on mag 8 stars on the AT8RC Scope.

I have now replaced the GPUSB with a small interface board (images, layout and parts can be found here 1.7 megabytes) I built that allows me to use the Flea or Grasshopper Guide Camera's GPIO connectors directly to control the ST4 Guide port and motors. Since the GPIO port uses FireWire, it now takes 0.08 ms to send a command, versus 8 ms over USB 2 or hundred's of milliseconds for serial devices, allowing faster responses for corrections.

For the cooled camera, I was initially using a 640x480 16 (12 actual) bit Flea Color FireWire camera with an inexpensive peltier cooler that I built, which drops the camera body to -24 degrees centigrade below ambient temperature. The part list and instructions to build the cooler are available in a zipped .pdf document (348 kilobytes). I have since switched to imaging with the Mono EXHAD 16 (14 actual) Bit PGR Grasshopper and have modified the original Peltier Cooler design to use a copper heat sink with metal springs to hold it to the camera instead of rubber bands. Of course in our winter months a cooler is largely not needed once the outdoor temperature is -15 to -45 degrees centigrade.

The monochrome EXHAD 2/3" 1384x1036 Grasshopper 1 camera is about twice as sensitive as my 640x480 1/3" Color Flea camera is. It's also far less subject to amplifier glow and doing 10 to 30 minute exposures is now possible when cooled, whereas the Flea would top out at about 9 minutes.

I also purchased a set of Type E Series 1 AstroDon Tru-Balance parfocal L R G B filters in a manual Orion 5 slot filter wheel to do higher resolution LRGB imaging. I have replaced the "E" series with "I" series AstroDon filters in the spring of 2011, as they more closely match the sensitivity of the Grasshopper EXHAD CCD camera.

I have now acquired a Grasshopper 2 model in 2012 which is much improved over the Grasshopper 1 model, as I detail in my GS2 review.

The one remaining challenge has been that downtown Calgary has severe light pollution and on most clear nights limiting visual magnitude is around 0.0 to 2.0, so my exposures have to be less than 4 minutes or they get completely (90% + saturation) light fogged. This issue was partially addressed by using a Hutech IDAS Light Pollution Reducing filter, which allowed me to image for around 5 minutes before light pollution really began to hurt (50% saturation).

I have since moved about 35 km south of the downtown core (away from the construction noise, gangs of crack heads, hookers and drive by shootings that have ruined Calgary's core area in 4 years - thanks to the liberal mayors that keep getting elected) and my skies have improved considerably. On average, I was getting magnitude 4.0 and occasionally down to magnitude 5.0. So I could shoot as deep as 7 to 10 minute exposures without the LPR filter before light pollution reaches the 20% saturation mark. Unfortunately, a new commercial development to the south of me has added an unused parking lot lit up like the sun at night, so my background skies have brightened by almost 2 magnitudes. It's almost worse than my previous location is and I can't shoot "faint fuzzy" DSO's any more from here. Hopefully my next move will be to rural Alberta (possibly Vulcan) or to Saskatchewan, as Calgary has become a mess with the election of another liberal, excessively spending and ever tax increasing pack of idiots at the helm. Air turbulence is usually in the FWHM 3 to 8 arc second range on most nights, but can be extremely variable in Calgary due to the ever present jet stream, perverse thermal inversions and local ground heating.

Twice a year I get to spend a few weeks at a dark sky (Mag 6 to 7 skies) site in the resort village of Mistusinne Saskatchewan which is an 8+ hour drive from Calgary. I haul my HEQ5 mount, scope and all my gear to this location and hope the weather cooperates.

I use "Astro IIDC" for guiding, image acquisition, alignment, stacking, image processing, photometric light curve and astrometric measuring in 8 or 16 bit depths. Note: Images are generally oriented with North up and East to the right. I have "retired" the 2003 and earlier images, so they are no longer available.

Enjoy the Images and Movies...

Milton Aupperle


2013 Images, Movies and Data

All the 2013 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image. Winter 2012 and most of 2013 have been very unproductive due to adverse weather conditions.

M104_20130507_MJA.jpg
M104 GXY 0507
M12_20130506_MJA.jpg
M12 GC 0506
M53_20130506_MJA.jpg
M53 GC 0506

2012 Images, Movies and Data

All the 2012 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

HATP10B-WASP11b_MJA_20120922.png
Exoplanet HATP10B-WASP11b Transit 0922
WASP10B_Transit_20120917_MJA.png
Exoplanet WASP10B Transit 0917
Venus_Transit_1st+2ndContact_2012.mp4
Venus Transit MP4
StephenQuintet_20120824_MJA.jpg
StephensQuintet GXYS 0824
NGC7720_20120822_MJA.jpg
NGC 7720 GXYS 0822
NGC7640_20120821_MJA.jpg
NGC 7640 GXY 0821
NGC6946_20120820_MJA.jpg
NGC 6946 GXY 0820
NGC891_20120819_MJA.jpg
NGC 891 GXY 0819
NGC7635_20120819_MJA.jpg
NGC 7635 Bubble NEB 0819
NGC7331_20120817_MJA.jpg
NGC 7331 GXY 0817
M57_20120811_MJA.jpg
M57 PN 0811
SunSpots_20120709_MJA.jpg
SunSpots 0709
SunSpots_20120707_MJA.jpg
SunSpots 0707
VenusTransit_21020605_MJA.jpg
Venus Transit 0605
M51_20120526_MJA.jpg
M51 GXY 0526
M5_20120520_MJA.jpg
M5 GC 0522
M3_20120422_MJA.jpg
M3 GC 0422
Qatar2B_20120421_MJA.png
Exoplanet Qatar2B Transit 0421
Luna_20120402_MJA.jpg
Luna 0402
EskimoNGC2392_20120217_MJA.jpg
Eskimo Nebula 0217
M37_20120217_MJA.jpg
M37 OC 0217
Kalliope_20120215_MJA.png
Light Curve Kalliope 0215
M42Core_20120203_MJA.jpg
Orion Nebula M42 0203
M82_20120102_MJA.jpg
M82 GXY 0102
M81_20120101_MJA.jpg
M81 GXY 0101

2011 Images, Movies and Data

All the 2011 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

NGC2903_20111228_MJA.jpg
NGC2903 GXY 1228
M01_20112123_MJA.jpg
M1 Crab Neb 1223
M33_20111218_MJA.jpg
M33 GXY 1218
Jupiter_20111108_MJA.jpg
Jupiter+3 moons 1108
AKG_20111108_MJA.jpg
Aristarchus to Gassendi 1106
Tycho_20111108_MJA.jpg
Color Tycho 1108
Euphrosyne_20111105_MJA.png
Light Curve Euphrosyne 1105
Euphrosyne_20111027_MJA.png
Light Curve Euphrosyne 1027
Lucretia_20111025_MJA.png
Light Curve Lucretia 1025
Budrosa_20111018_MJA.png
Light Curve Budrosa 1018
Luna_20111017_MJA.jpg
Gibbous Moon 1017
Budrosa_20111016_MJA.png
Light Curve Budrosa 1016
NGC891_20110927_MJA.jpg
NGC891 GXY 0927
NGC206_20110926_MJA.jpg
NGC206 StarCloud in M31 0926
M71_20110926_MJA.jpg
M71 GC 0926
NGC6888_20110924_MJA.jpg
NGC6888 NEB 0924
NGC6946_20110920_MJA.jpg
NGC6946 GXY 0920
Corot2b_20110904_MJA.png
ExoPlanet Corot-2B Transit 0904
Corot2b_20110828_MJA.png
ExoPlanet Corot-2B Transit 0828
M27_20110820_MJA.jpg
M27 NEB 0820
Comet_GarraddC2009P1_20110816_Photom_MJA.png
Comet Garradd Photometrics
Comet_GarraddC2009P1_20110816_VID_MJA.mp4
Comet Garradd Video
Comet_GarraddC2009P1_20110816_MJA.jpg
Comet Garradd 0816
M11_20110723_MJA.jpg
M11 OC 0723
M15_20110723_MJA.jpg
M15 GC 0723
M14_20110702_MJA.jpg
M14 GC 0702
M92_20110530_MJA.jpg
M92 GC 0530
M92_20110430_MJA.jpg
M92 GC 0430
NGC4565_20110429_MJA.jpg
NGC4565 Galaxy 0429
M66_20110427_MJA.jpg
M66 Galaxy 0427
M13_20110424_MJA.jpg
M13 GC 0424
M64_20110423_MJA.jpg
M64 Galaxy 0423
Luna_20110314_Clavius.mp4
Luna Turbulence MP4 0314
Luna_20110314_MJA.jpg
Luna First Light AT8RC 0314

2010 Images, Movies and Data

All the 2010 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

Devosa 20101204. png
Devosa Light Curve 1204
CY_AQR_20101107_MJA.png
CY AQR LightCurve 1107
Devosa_20101110_MJA.png
Devosa Light Curve 1110
NGC7331_20101030_MJA.jpg
Deer Lick Galaxy Group 1030
NGC6992_20101006_MJA.jpg
NGC6992 Veil East North 1006
NGC6995_20100930_MJA.jpg
NGC6995 Veil East South 0930
Jupiter_20100922_MJA.jpg
Jupiter 0922
M15_20100902_MJA.jpg
M15 GC 0902
M27_20100902_MJA.jpg
Best M27 DumbBell 0902
Luna_20100421_MJA.jpg
Luna_ 0421
M10_20100516_MJA.jpg
M10 0516
M5_20100516_MJA.jpg
M5 0516
NGC4725_MJA_20100421.jpg
NGC4725 Galaxy 0421
M13_20100420_MJA.jpg
M13 0420
M3_20100420_MJA.jpg
M3 0420
M105 + Friend Galaxies
M105 Galaxy 0319
M65_MJA_20100310.jpg
M65 Galaxy 0310
NGC2264_MJA_20100310.jpg
NGC2264 Cone Nebula 0310
M53_MJA_20100307.jpg
M53 Globular Cluster 0307
NGC4565_MJA_20100307.jpg
NGC4565 Galaxy 0307
M67_MJA_20100306.jpg
M67 Cluster 0306
M35_MJA_20100306.jpg
M35 Cluster 0306
M64_MJA_20100306.jpg
M64 Galaxy 0306
NGC2903_MJA_20100305.jpg
NGC 2903 0305
NGC2392_MJA_20100305.jpg
NGC2392 Eskimo Nebula 0305
MonsRumker_20100127_MJA.jpg
Mons Rumker 0127
MonsRumkerTurbulence_20100127.mp4
Clip of Mons Rumker Movie
Mars_20100126_MJA.jpg
Mars 0126
MareHumorum_20100126_MJA.jpg
Mare Humorum 0126
SRArisOceProc_20100126.jpg
Aristarchus&Procellarum 0126
M46_2010_01_19_MJA.jpg
M46 & Ring 0119
IC434_2010_01_18_MJA.jpg
HorseHead 0118
NGC1973_20100116_MJA.jpg
Running Man 0116

2009 Images and Movies

All the 2009 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

NGC891_20091224_MJA.jpg
NGC891 Galaxy 091224
M81_20091220_MJA.jpg
M81 Galaxy 091220
v_M1_20091207_MJA.jpg
Cold Crab M1 091207
Luna_20091201.jpg
Full Moon 091201
NGC7662_BlueSnowBall_MJA.jpg
Blue SnowBall NGC7662 091112
M71Bin2x2_20090927_MJA.jpg
M71 Globular Cluster Binned 2x2 090927
M71_20090927_MJA.jpg
M71 Globular Cluster 090927
Eros_20090919_MJA.mp4
Eros Motion Movie 090919
Eros_V2_20090919_MJA.png
Eros(433) Light Curve Graph 090919
M13_20090826_MJA.jpg
M13 Great Hercules GC 090826
M52_20090826_MJA.jpg
M52 Salt&Pepper OC 090826
M33_20090825_MJA.jpg
M33 Triangulum Galaxy Core 090825
NGC6946_20090825_MJA.jpg
NGC6946 FireWorks Galaxy 090825
M29_20090726_MJA.jpg
M29 OC 090726
M15_20090725_MJA.jpg
M15 GC 090725
M56_20090725_MJA.jpg
M56 GC 090725
NGC6960_20090722_MJA.jpg
NGC6960 WS Veil 090722
M11_20090719_MJA.jpg
M11 Wild Duck OC 090719
M27_20090718_MJA.jpg
M27 Dumbbell Nebula 090718
Luna_DeslGW_20090602_MJA.jpg
Luna Deslandre RR 090602
Luna_PAARR_20090503_MJA.jpg
Luna PAARR 090503
Saturn20090502MJA.jpg
Saturn 090502
Luna_NorthPole_20090502_MJA.jpg
Luna NorthPole 090502
Luna_SouthPole_20090502_MJA.jpg
Luna South Pole 090502
M67_20090416_MJA.jpg
M67 King Cobra 090416
Venus_February2009_MJA.jpg
Venus Cloud Patterns 0902
SinusIridum_20090306_225543_MJA.jpg
Sinus Iridum & Mare Imbrium 090306
Tycho_20090305_210435_MJA.jpg
Tycho 090305
Clavius_20090305_210604_MJA.jpg
Clavius & South Pole 090305
DomeZilla_20090306_2303_MJA.jpg
DomeZilla & Copernicus 090306
NPole_20090306_225832_MJA.jpg
Plato Frigoris North Pole 090306
Copernicus_20090305_210128_MJA.jpg
Sunrise on Copernicus 090305
NPole_20090305_205943_MJA.jpg
Plato to North Pole 090305
RupusRecta_20090305_210255_MJA.jpg
Rupus Recta (Great Wall) 090305
Bulliladius_20090306_2309_MJA.jpg
Bulliladius & Friends
Luna_20090302_MJA.jpg
Luna After First Quarter 090302
Luna_20090204_MJA.jpg
Luna Waxing Gibbous 090204
M1_20090119_MJA.jpg
M1 Crab Nebula 090119
M37_20090125_MJA.jpg
M37 Salt&Pepper Cluster 090125
M42_20090116_MJA.jpg
M42 Orion Nebula 090116

2008 Images

All the 2008 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

M52_20081126to10081211_MJA.jpg
M52 Scorpion Open Cluster
MVJG_20081201_173351MST.jpg
Moon Venus Jupiter & Geese Conjunction
M15_20080928_MJA.jpg
M15 Globular Cluster
M27_20081901_MJA.jpg
M27 DumbBell Nebula
NGC6960_20081002_MJA.jpg
NGC6960 Veil Nebula
M101_20080823_MJA.jpg
M101 Pinwheel Galaxy
M57_20080818_MJA.jpg
M57 Ring Nebula
Luna20070103_MJA.jpg
Color Enhanced Luna
M11_200805031_MJA.jpg
M11 Open Cluster 20080531
M10_20080531_MJA.jpg
M10 Globular Cluster 20080531
M5_20080530_MJA.jpg
M5 Globular Cluster 20080530
moon20080512_MJA.jpg
Luna 20080512
Luna_CACVAMFAE_20080412.jpg
Luna Cassini Area
20080412_ATHV_MJA.jpg
Ariadeus Hyginus Triesnecker Vaporum
M67_20080307_MJA.jpg
M67 Open CLuster 20080307
MHumb_20080222_MJA.jpg
Mare Humboldtianum 20080222
Mars20080221_MJA.jpg
Mars 20080221 - Fading Fast

2007 Images and Movies

All the 2007 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

Mars_20071229_MJA.jpg
Mars 20071229
Mars20071014and15_MJA.jpg
Mars 20071014 and 15
DomeZilla_20071120_MJA.jpg
Luna DomeZilla Area
M15_20070910_MJA.jpg
M15 20070910
M27_20070816_MJA.jpg
Better M27
M13_20070808_MJA.jpg
M13 20070808
M57_20070808_MJA.jpg
M57 20070808
M51_20070817_MJA.jpg
M51 20070817 (Poor)
M101_20070821_MJA.jpg
M101 20070821 (barely)
M11_20070713_MJA.jpg
Best M11
Venus20070523to0601.jpg
Clouds of Venus in UV
Saturn20070412.jpg
Saturn
Saturn20070412W3Moons.jpg
Saturn, Tethys, Dionne & Rhea
Luna20070104EastTerminator.jpg
Luna 20070104 EastTerminator
Luna20070123MJA.jpg
Luna 20070123
Luna20070224MJA.jpg
Best Color Luna Ever 20070224
M46_20070218_MJA.jpg
M46 20070218
NGC2024_HorseHead_20061220.jpg
NGC2024 HorseHead Nebula
SaturnWMoons20070121_MJA.jpg
Saturn W 4 Moons 20070121

2006 Images and Movies

All the 2006 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

UranusWMoons_20061022_MJA.jpg
Uranus & 3 Moons 10/22
Pluto_20060626_0701_MJA.jpg
Pluto's motion over 6 days
Saturn_MJA_20060411.jpg
Saturn 04/11
Comet_73p-SW-Fragment_B.jpg
Comet S-W 73P "B" 04/18
M13_20060724_MJA.jpg
M13 Globular Cluster
M15_20060826_MJA.jpg
M15 Globular Cluster
M16_20060819_MJA.jpg
M16 Eagle Nebula
M17_20060619_MJA.jpg
M17 Omega Nebula
M27_20060801_MJA.jpg
M27 Dumb Bell Nebula
M57_20060801_MJA.jpg
M57 Ring Nebula
M11_2006_07_01_MJA.jpg
M11 - Wild Duck Cluster
M10_20060624_MJA.jpg
M10 Globular Cluster
M5_20060531_MJA.jpg
M5 Globular Cluster
Luna_20061009_MJA.jpg
Mare Crisium & Details 10/09
Luna_Enchanced_20050216_MJA.jpg
8.4 Day Moon
Luna_Enchanced_20050419_MJA.jpg
10.6 Day Moon
Luna_20060504_MJA.jpg
Mare Nectarus 05/04
Luna_20060104_MJA.jpg
5.7 Day Moon & Details
Luna_20060206_MJA.jpg
9.2 Day Moon & Details 02/06

2005 Images and Movies

All the 2005 images have pertinent information (i.e. date, location, camera, telescope and processing) embedded in the image.

Sinus_Irudum_20050418_MJA.jpg
Sinus Irudum
Aristarchus_050420_MJA.jpg
Aristarchus
Copernicus_20050418_MJA.jpg
Copernicus
Schiller_20050420_MJA.jpg
Schiller
TychoClavius_20050418_MJA.jpg
Tycho to Clavius
Luna20050114_MJA.jpg
Luna First
Luna20050216_MJA.jpg
Luna Second
Luna_20050419_MJA_B.jpg
Luna Third
Mars_2005_Rotating.mp4
Mars Oct 12 to Nov 18th MP4
Mars_2005_10_23_MJA.jpg
Mars Sequence Oct 23
Mars_2005_10_22_MJA.jpg
Mars Sequence Oct 22
Mars_2005_10_21_MJA.jpg
Mars Sequence Oct 21
Mars_20051012_MJA.jpg
Mars Series Oct 12
Mars_2005_10_08_MJA.jpg
Mars Series Oct 8
Jupiter_Io_Europa.mp4
Jupiter Io & Europa MP4
Jupiter_20050424B_MJA.jpg
Jupiter, Io & Europa
Jupiter_20050424_MJA.jpg
Jupiter, GSR and Io
Saturn_20050410_MJA.jpg
Saturn
Machholz_20050105.jpg
Comet Machholz
SunSpots_20050621_MJA.jpg
SunSpots
M1 2005_08_29 MJA.jpg
M1 Crab Nebula
M5_MJA.jpg
M5 Globular Cluster
M27 2005_08_28 MJA.jpg
M27 Dumb Bell Nebula
M31 2005_08_29 MJA.jpg
M31 Andromeda Galaxy
M31 Core 2005_08_29 MJA.jpg
M31 Andromeda Core
M35_MJA.jpg
M35 Open Cluster
M42_MJA.jpg
M42 Orion Nebula
M46_MJA.jpg
M46 & NGC 2438
M57 2005_08_21 MJA.jpg
M57 Ring Nebula
M67_MJA.jpg
M67 King Cobra
NGC2244Rosetta_MJA.jpg
NGC2244 Rosetta

2004 Images and Movies

M31_300S128B213G.jpg
M31_300S128B213G.jpg
NGC869w884_180S149B221G.jpg
NGC869w884_180S149B221G.jpg
M16wNGC6604_90S151B221G.jpg
M16wNGC6604_90S151B221G.jpg
M27_180S149B221G.jpg
M27_180S149B221G.jpg
M11_90S151B221G.jpg
M11_90S151B221G.jpg

All of the above DSO images were taken with a cheap ($50 CDN) second hand 50 mm focal length F1.8 (stopped down to F2.8) 27 mm aperture M42 screw mount SLR lens on a Color CrystalCam camera piggy back mounted on a crudely polar aligned Orion EQ3 mount. I also used an IR Blocking filter (15mm square 1.1 mm thick) purchased from Edmund Industrial Optics, which starts cutting off all light above 650 nm - which in retrospect was probably not a good idea for emission nebulas like Veil or North American Nebula. The site (village of Mistusinne in Saskatchewan Canada) is at magnitude 6.5/7.0 visually and is about 100Km / 60 miles away from the nearest town with more than 500 people in it - really dark spectacular skies. Due to extreme smoke drifting down from the fires burning in Alaska, Yukon and Northern British Columbia and then some major cloud systems moving in, I did not get time to go back and image some other objects with the 100 mm and 200 mm lenses - especially M31 which would have filled the 640x480 frame with a 200 mm lens. Processing on these images is minimal and they are almost the same as what comes out of the camera.

"M31_300S128B213G.jpg 76Kb" Taken on August 20th, 2004 Stack of five 300 second exposures, dark frame subtracted with minor level adjustment and cropped. Field of view 2.5 degrees by 2.0 degrees covering the Andromeda galaxy and it's satellite galaxies M110 and M32. Note the dust lanes just appearing in the Andromeda galaxy.

"NGC869w884_180S149B221G.jpg 76Kb" Taken on August 20th, 2004. Stack of six 90 second exposures, dark frame subtracted with minor level adjustment and cropped. Field of view 2.5 degrees by 2.8 degrees covering the Perseus NGC 869 and NGC 884 open double clusters.

"M16wNGC6604_90S151B221G.jpg 76Kb". Taken on August 19th, 2004. Stack of six 90 second exposures, dark frame subtracted with minor level adjustment, rotated and cropped. Field of view 2.8 degrees by 4.0 degrees covering the Eagle Nebula and the NGC 6604 open cluster.

"M27_180S149B221G.jpg 76Kb" Taken on August 20th, 2004. Stack of four 180 second exposures, dark frame subtracted with minor level adjustment, rotated and cropped. Field of view 2.8 degrees by 3.1 degrees covering the Dumbbell Nebula and surrounding area.

"M11_90S151B221G.jpg 76Kb" Taken on August 19th, 2004. Stack of six 90 second exposures, dark frame subtracted with minor level adjustment and rotated. Field of view 3.0 degrees by 4.0 degrees covering the Wild Duck Cluster and surrounding area.



Luna_04_05_30_rills2xl.jpg
Luna_04_05_30_rills2xl.jpg
Luna_04_05_30_rills3x.jpg
Luna_04_05_30_rills3x.jpg
Jupiter_040501_000112.jpg
Jupiter_040501_000112.jpg
Luna_040430_2340.jpg
Luna_040430_2340.jpg
Luna_040430_2330.jpg
Luna_040430_2330.jpg
Luna_040430_2300.jpg
Luna_040430_2300.jpg

"Luna_04_05_30_rills2xl.jpg 76Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using CrystalCam Color at 15 fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit 5x5 mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on May 1st, 2004. Composite of three images. Note intricate lava flow maria ridges and rings along the terminator from Mons Romker at the north, to Schoteri Valley and ending near Marius Crater.

"Luna_04_05_30_rills3x.jpg 112Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 4.9 meters with 2X Barlow, using CrystalCam Color at 7.5fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit 5x5 mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on May 1st, 2004. Composite of eight images. Note intricate lava flow maria ridges and rings along the terminator from Mons Romker at the north, to Schoteri Valley and ending near Marius Crater.

"Jupiter_040501_000112.jpg 12Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using CrystalCam Color at 7.5fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit 5x5 mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on May 01th, 2004. Probably my best Jupiter image for 2004, which shows exceptional details in Jupiters atmosphere in the white spot vortexes and thin bands.

"Luna_040430_2340.jpg 208Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using an CrystalCam Color at 15.00 fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 30th, 2004 23:40 MST. Composited sequence along southern Lunar Terminator. Exceptionally low turbulence produces an incredible amount of detail along the lunar terminator.

"Luna_040430_2330.jpg 172KB". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 4.9 meters with Antares Barlow, using an CrystalCam Monochrome at 30.00 fps from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 30th, 2004 23:30 MST. Composited sequence along southern Lunar Terminator. Exceptionally low turbulence produces an incredible amount of detail along the lunar terminator. Note the intricate series of rills and fault zones to the west of and on the crater floor of Gassendi.

"Jup_04_04_02_2326MST 432Kb - 1702x4603 pixels". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using an CrystalCam Monochrome at 15.00 fps from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 30th, 2004 23:00 MST. Composited sequence along southern Lunar Terminator. Exceptionally low turbulence produces an incredible amount of detail along the lunar terminator from North to South poles.



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Luna_040426_2225.jpg
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"Luna_040426_2225.jpg 104Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using CrystalCam Monochrome at 30.0 fps from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 26th, 2004. Exceptionally low turbulence allowed a lot of fine detail to be captured near Cassini and the Alpine Valley.

"Luna_040425_234151.jpg 56Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using CrystalCam Monochrome at 30.0 fps from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 25th, 2004. Notable features include Poisidonius and ridges to the west.

"Luna_040403.jpg 208Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using an CrystalCam Monochrome at 15.0 fps from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 30th, 2004 23:30 MST. Composited sequence along southern Lunar Terminator, most interesting feature is Schroter's Valley. Seeing conditions were average, but still a fair amount of detail was captured.

"Luna_040328.jpg 52Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 4.9 meters with Antares Barlow, using an iRez Stealth color at 7.50 fps from Calgary Alberta Canada on March 28th, 2004. Composited sequence of Rills near Triesnecker and Hyginus grabbens to the north. Seeing conditions were average, but still a fair amount of detail was captured.



"Triple Shadows MP4 Video - 640x480 size" On March 27, 2004 I recorded most of the 5.5 hour triple passage of Io, Ganymde and Callisto's shadows as they crossed the face of Jupiter. Unfortunately an adjacent high rise apartment building blocked out approximately 65 minutes of the event, but luckily this happened just after the triple shadow occured. Additionally air turbulence increased as time progressed, so the last few seconds of the video are suffered for it. The movies are time compressed, so each frame in the movie represents 1 minute of actual time and the 15.74 second movie (excluding notations and transitions) represents 4.2 hours of real time. Each frame in the movie is a composite of up to 230 captured frames which were stacked using Keith's Image Stacker and a total of 59,000 frames were processed. The final 236 frames in the movie were sequenced into a movie, then imported and aligned with Sharpest Frame to create the raw video footage. After that I used ReelEdit to add the titles/graphics and then compress the final movies into an MP4.

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Triple Shadows MP4 888.0 Kb


"Double Shadow MP4 Video" - 640x480 size On March 20, 2004 I recorded the 3 hour double passage of the Moons Io and Ganymede as their shadows crossed the face of Jupiter. At the end I also managed to capture the emergence of Europa from Jupiter's shadow. During the recording of the video footage, thin wispy clouds moved through the area and darkened the video - which I compensated for by increasing the brightness. However when the clouds thinned, the image of Jupiter brightened up and as a result was too bright for several frames during that period. The movies are time compressed, so each frame in the movie represents 1 minute of actual time and the 11.5 second movie represents 2.9 hours. Each frame in the movie is a composite of up to 230 captured frames which were stacked using Keith's Image Stacker and a total of 39,000 frames were processed. The final 172 frames in the movie were sequenced into a movie, then imported and aligned with Sharpest Frame to create the raw video footage. After that I used ReelEdit to add the titles/graphics and then compress the final movies into an MP4 video.

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Double Shadow MP4 496Kb
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Jup_04_03_27_2011MST 12Kb
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"Sat_04_03_13_2108 12Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using an iREZ Stealth FW Camera at 15 fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on March 13th, 2004 21:08MST. Low turbulence allowed a good capture of Saturn's A and B rings, cassini division, some faint banding in the atmosphere and the darker polar regions.

"Jup_04_03_27_2011MST 12Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 3.0 meters with 2X M42 converter, using an iREZ Stealth FW Camera at 7.5 fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on March 27th, 2004 20:11 MST. This image was taken 1.5 hours before the triple shadow event, just as the Great Red (Orange) spot was rapidly rotating towards the east edge of Jupiter. From left (west) to right (east) we have Io, Ganymede and Europa, with Callisto just barely visible as a faint smudge on the north eastern edge of Jupiter.

"MVMJS_04_03_28 20Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 4.9 meters with Antares Barlow, using an iREZ Stealth FW Camera at 30 fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 2th, 2004 23:26 MST. This single composite images shows Mercury, Venus, Mars ,Jupiter and Saturn as they appear with the same focal length and camera, taken within a 1 hour period. Viewing conditions were "bad" with abundant air turbulence to the west.

"Jup_04_04_02_2326MST 12Kb". Taken with MAK 127mm, focal length 4.9 meters with Antares Barlow, using an iREZ Stealth FW Camera at 3.75 fps in 640x480 Bayer 8 bit mode from Calgary Alberta Canada on April 2nd, 2004 23:26MST. Calm skies and low turbulence allowed good capture of Jovian atmospheric detail including the Great Red (Orange)Spot


CopyRight (©) Milton Aupperle, 2013 ... All Rights Reserved... Last Updated September 23, 2013