METIS CULTURE 1737-1740



THE BRITISH INTRODUCE POLYGAMY INTO THE CREE  CULTURE

The Ojibwa Nation orders the French to stop hostilities against the Indian Peoples.

 

06/01/2013

METIS HISTORY 1741-1744

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The Prairie Mandan Indians have beards, pray to the Great Master of Life and know of Jesus and Mary.
Some believe they may be descendants of the Viking.

1737  

(I)- Gaspard Boucher arrived with his son (II)- Pierre Boucher (1622-1717).  Pierre would spend 1637-1641 living at Huronia, New France, assisting the missionaries.

Marriage Trois Rivieres (I)-Pierre Blondel to Marie Gurdin Alyson
    (II)-Marie Blondel (1638-1638) Trois Rivieres
    (II)-Jean Blondel (1639-1639) Trois Rivieres
    (II)-Pierre Blondel married 1686 Marie Mezerai

Caraquet, Nova Scotia (now New Brunswick), marriage, Joseph le Bouthillier possibly from Jersey Island but could be born in Quebec, married to Angelique Giraud daughter Gabriel Giraud dit St. Jean and unknown Indian Woman (could be Abenakis?) possible 2nd marriage 1760-1763 Pierre Gallien; With Joseph one known child Genevieve Le Bouthillier, a Metis, who married 1751? Gabriel Albert b-1740? Pabos Gaspesia (between Perce and Bonaventure, Quebec); With Pierre one know child Francoise Gathien (Gallien, Galien), Metis who married May 15, 1784 Rene Duguay in Paspebiac, Quebec. Source Angelique Giraud

William Byrd II (1674-1744) established Richmond, Virginia. He also established the boundary line between Virginia and North Carolina.   He noted the common belief of the time of the American wilderness was an environment of evil, a kind of hell, the dark and sinister home of the Indians, the mythical 'Wild Man', Satan himself.

Noel Lefebvre dit Lasiseraye b-1700, married, 1722 Marie Anne Gervais was hired for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

Charles Nolan de la Marque (1694-1754) is at Michilimackina, New France (Michigan) 

(I)-Richard Staunton ,who arrived 1736 at the Bay of the North, (Hudson Bay) was surprised at the amount of credit allowed to the Indians- a very bad custom- at both Moose Factory (Ontario), Hudson Bay and Albany, (Ontario) James Bay.   

Francoise Sauvagesse Sauteuse (1717-1742) of Sault Ste Marie, Ojibwa Country New France (Michigan/Ontario), is baptized January 5, 1737 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan),  legitimate wife du sieur Rochereau.

(I)-Conrad Weiser, a German, working for the English, explores the Susquehanna River Valley (Philadelphia to Onondaga).

The Ojibwa Chiefs of Lake Superior requested that hostilities by the French against their brothers, the Sauk and Fox peoples , be stopped.  (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor New France (1726-1747) agreed to peace and requested they return to Green Bay, Wisconsin their historic home.  The Renards (Fox) refused, saying it is stained with much French blood. The Tribesmen mostly deserted Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), and only a few Menominee remain.  Lieutenant de la Martiniere and Joseph Tonty Des Liettes are in command of the deserted post.  It is noteworthy that the Fox once occupied Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Red Lake of Northern Minnesota, Ojibwa Country is listed on an unpublished Verendryee's map.

In 1717 only 61 engages were hired for trips to the upper country.  In 1727, 146 were engages and this year 300 were engages, at the expense of the Metis and Coureurs des Bois. 

Pierre and Paul Mallet looking for a new path to Santa Fe, New Mexico from the Mississippi River traveled up the Missouri River to the mouth of the Niobrara River, then headed south crossing the Platte and Republican Rivers finally making their way back to Sante Fe, New Mexico. 

The commander of the Presidio at San Miguel de Linares de Los Adaes (Texas), Firmin de Ybircu, was court maritaled for undue intimacy with French women at Natchitoches and because he kept French women at Los Adaes (Texas).

January 5:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Francois (1717-1742) married Rocheveau living Sault Ste Marie, Michigan.

January 7:   Michel Rocheleau, married, Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) Francoise (LaRoche) Sauteuse (Ojibwa).

January 7:   Michel Rocheran, married, Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Marie Tiennote.

January 23:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Angelique Chiquot died January 24, 1737, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (III)-Zacharie Chiquot (1708-1775) and (III)-Marie Angelique Godfroy (1720-1791).

January 27:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Jean Baptiste Campeau born August 4, 1711, died June 12, 1783 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jacques Campeau (1677-1751) and Jeanne Cecile Catin (1681-1715); married January 27, 1737, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (III)-Catherine Perthuis born 1718 died February 20, 1763, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Pierre Perthuis.
    (IV)-Jean Baptiste Campeau b-1738 Detroit married 1764 Detroit Catherine Boyer
    (IV)-Julie Catherine Campeau b-1739 Detroit married 1762 Detroit Jean Chrysostome Thiriot
    (IV)-Hypolite Campeau b-1741 Detroit married 1768 Detroit (III)-Marie Anne Pepinn dit DesCardonnets Catherine Boyer b-1726
    (IV)-Catherine Campeau (1742-1742) Detroit
    (IV)-Francois Basile Campeau b-1743 Detroit married 1785 Detroit (III)-Suzanne Moran b-1760
    (IV)-Marie Louise Campeau b-1764 Detroit
    (IV)-Marguerite Campeau (1748-1748) Detroit
    (IV)-Joseph Marie Campeau (1749-1771) Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Anne Campeau (1751-1751) Detroit
    (IV)-Jacques Philippe Campeau (1752-1752) Detroit
    (IV)-Julien Campeau b-1755 Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Catherine Campeau (1757-1757) Detroit
    (IV)-Louis Campeau b-1758 Detroit
    (IV)-Julien Campeau b-1755 Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Louise Campeau b-1760 Detroit

March:   Jacques LeGardeur, Monsieur of Saint Pierre, (1701-1755) is in charge of the Sioux Post (Fort Beauharnois) at Lake Pepin on the Mississippi (near Lake City, Wabasha County, Minnesota).  He reported the Dakota Sioux had slain a Ojibwa family in the interior, at the head of Lake Superior.  The Ojibwa had retaliated by attacking the Dakota Sioux at the Pepin Post.  This appears to be a report which was fabricated to protect the credibility of (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) and to justify his deserting his post.  The loyalty of Saint Pierre and Father Guignas is being questioned.

March:   Likely west of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Louis Charles Hamelin (Gueniere), Metis, baptised Novenber 24, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), son (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier ( 1714-1760) called an ancient voyager  son (II)- Jacques Hamelin La  Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)- Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759) and married 1st about 1730 (church wedding November 27, 1738) his slave Ikwe (Ojibwa Woman) Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace, 2nd marriage February 4, 1748 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Catherine Anastasie (Marie Athanase) Sauteux (1725-1748) daughter of Mouus Sauteux and slave of 1st wife, 3rd marriage 1760 Montreal, Quebec, to girl born 1742 and at this time Marie Athanese was alive in Quebec, Quebec, saying her husband was dead in 1757.

March 3:  Fort Detroit,(Michigan) birth  (III)-Marie Catherine Meloche, daughter (II)-Pierre Meloche (1701-1760) and (III)-Jeanne Caron b-1709; 1st marriqage August 21, 1752 Fort Detroit Jean Baptiste Sappe Poligny; 2nd marriage Febuary 11, 1755 Fort Detroit Pierre Louis Mallet; 3rd marriage February 7, 1764 Fort Detroit Andre Pelletier.

March 5:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Pierre Testard to  (III)-Marie Catherine Chesne dit St Onage Metis b-1722 daughter (II)-Charles Chesne Metis born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778). 
   (IV)-Pierre Testard Metis (1740-1762) Detroit
   (IV)-Jacques Testard Metis (1742-1742) Detroit

April 11/13:  Detroit, birth/death, (IV)-Joseph Roy son (III)-Joseph Roy dit Chatellereau b-1709 and (III)-Madeleine Perthus b-1720. 

May:   Jacques Legardeur, sieur de St Pierre (1701-1755) rebuilds Fort Beauharnois on Lake Pepin, having been its commander 1734-1737.

May 20:  Fort Detroit, birth (III)-Therese Parant daughter (II)-Laurent Parant b-1703 and (IV)-Jeanne Cardinal b-1717.

June 22:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Charles Chauvin son (II)-Charles Chauvin and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655; veuve d'Oliver Michel; married May 2, 1761 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Marie Louise Boyer.

June 26:  Detroit, birth (III)-Jean Baptiste Sancer son (II)-Jean Baptiste Sancer b-1705 and (II)-Anne Angelique Chevreuel Deval b-1708; married January 7, 1769 Montreal, Monique Desforges.

September 4:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Nicolas Campeau dit Niagra born August 4, 1710 Montreal, Quebec, died December 16, 1756, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jacques Campeau (1677-1751) and Jeanne Cecile Catin (1681-1715); Nicolas, a voyager, portaged the Niagra to the west; married Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (II)-Agathe Casse dit St. Aubin born 1716 died May 12, 1808 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Jean Casse.
    (IV)-Nicolas Campeau (1737-1737) Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Agathe Campeau b-1739 Detroit, married 1758 Detroit (II)-Alexis Seguin b-1733
    (IV)-Nicolas Campeau (1741-1743) Detroit
    (IV)-Angelique Campeau (1742-1767) Detroit, married 1759 Detroit (II)-Antoine Louis Descomps (742-1767)
    (IV)-Catherine Campeau b-1744 Detroit, 
    (IV)-Marie Anne Campeau b-1745 Detroit married 1763 Detroit (II)-Alexis Bienvenu dit Delisle (1701-1763)
    (IV)-Cecile Campeau b-1747 Detroit, 1st married 1766 Detroit (III)-Claude Leblond dit Dupont b-1739, 2nd married 784 Detroit (IV)-Pierre Chesne
    (IV)-Nicolas Joseph Campeau b-1749 Detroit
    (IV)-Charles Campeau (1751-1751) Detroit
    (IV)-Joseph Campeau (1753-1764) Detroit
    (IV)-Bernard Campeau b-1752 Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Jeanne Campeau (1754-1755) Detroit
    (IV)-Louis Campeau (1756-1756) Detroit

September 19:  Montreal, birth (III)-Marie Catherine Lefebvre, Metis, died September 24, 1737, Montreal daughter (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

September 20:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Marie Angelique, daughter unknown, died September 1748 married to Sieur de Ligon.

September 22:  Nicolet, birth, (III)-Pierre Chauvet, Metis, son  (II)-Pierre Chauvet dit Lagerne b-1686 and Marie Madeleine Panis (slave) b-(1697-1777);  married August 20, 1760 Nicolet (IV)-Marie Jeanne Terrien.b-1739. 

September 26:  Detroit, New France (Michigan) (IV)-Jacque Lauzon son (III)-Nicolas Lauzon (1693-1779) and (II)-Marie Louise Chauvin b-1696, died March 6, 1766,  veuve de Julien Francois Becmont; married Marie Anne Casse. Lauzon first marriage 1726 (II)-Marie Madeleine Moran (1704-1732).

September 29:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Josephte Angelique Lemaire (Memaitre) Bellenoix, (Savage) born 1717, died 1748, wife Sieur Jean Baptiste (John) Du Lignon (1717-1748), voyager is baptized Mackinac, New France (Michigan), and their daughter Francoise Michelle Lignon, Metis, born 1736 is also baptized. 

September 29:   Kaskaskia, (Illinois), marriage, Jean Baptiste Chauvin dit Charleville died 1782 to Agnes LaCroix. 

September 29:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Francois Michelle Ligon, Metis, born 1736 daughter Sieur Lignon and savage.

September 30:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), church marriage, (III)-Jean Baptiste Du Lignon (Ligne) country marriage about 1733, died 1762 son (II)-Pierre Du Lignon, pic sieur de la Mirande and (II)-Marguerite DeGerlais dit St. Amand; married Marie Joseph Angelique LeMaire, sauvagesse, who died 1762.

October:  The La Verendrye French party went up the Assiniboine River to the present site of Portage la Prairie, and on the north bank in October established a Trading post, which they called Fort La Reine.  

October 13:  Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism Marianne born 1717 a former slave and later the wife of Jean Baptiste.

October 14:   (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor New France (1726-1747) issued a map called the New Western showing the source of the Mississippi as south of Lac Rouge (Red Lake), Minnesota. This predates both Beltrami's and Thompson's visits to the Red Lake area.

October 15:  Fort Detroit, birth, (II)-Marie Anne Navarre, Metis, born October 15, 1737 Fort Detroit, died October 11, 1773, Detroit, daughter (I)-Robert Navarre (1709-1791) and (III)-Marie Barrois Lothman, Metis; 1st married October 28, 1760 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (IV)-Jacques Desbuttes, (1733-1768); 2nd marriage Medecin Antony.

October 18:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, Therese DeMarsac daughter (II)-Francois DeMarsac (1706-1777) and Therese Cecile Campeau (1714-1746); married January 22, 1767 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Louis Bufet.

October 19:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Jean Baptiste Campeau son (III)-Jean Baptiste Campeau (1711-1783) and (III)-Catherine Perthus (1718-1763); married about 1763 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Catherine Boyer.

November 17:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Nicolas Campeau son (III)-Nicolas Campeau (1710-1756) and (II)-Agathe Casse (1716-1808).

November 21:   Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Chevalier, Metis enfant born of a slave of Sieur (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752).

December 20:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Felicate Cesire daughter (II)-Jean Cesire (1698-1767) and (II)-Marguerite Charlotte Girard (born 1703); married September 22, 1755 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Jean Baptiste Chapoton.

 

 

1738  

(I)-Sulpice Blanchetire dit St. George b-1706 married Catherine his slave.

Charles Cadeau de Beauport son of a slave an infant of Dion, voyager, he is in Cahokia, (Illinois), 1740 and is married to Marie Catherine Peorias born 1728 died July 3, 1758 Cahokia, (Illinois). 

(I)-Sulpice Blanchetiere dit St. George b-1706, married, 1738 Montreal, Quebec, Catherine a Panis (Slave) 2nd marriage January 21, 1744 (II)-Elisabeth Jussereau b-1705 veuve de Barth Vallet; daughter (I)-Pierre Jussereau..

Joseph Blanpain (Blancpain), a Flemish trader, and his partner explored western Louisiana establishing trade with the Atakapa and Opelousa People.  He later established a trading post at Natchez on the Mississippi River.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Joseph Charbonneau to (IV)-Marie Therese Reaume, daughter, (III)-Pierre Reaume (1691-1740) and Marie Therese Esteve (Stebre) dit Lajeunesse.

Michilimackinac, birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Chaboillez  son (II)-Charles Chaboillez (1706-1757) and Marie Anne Chevalier.

Louise Anne Dagneau, born 1738, daughter Philippe Thomas Dagneau de la Saussaye (1700-1758) and Marie Lamy dit Defond; 

Laurent Gamelin is hiring men for Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Poste des 8iatanons and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

(II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) sons are exploring Lakes Manitoba, Winnipegosis, Dauphin (Manitoba) and the Saskatchewan River system.

Antoine Guillory (Guyari) (1704-1745) who married 1735 a Anne Villeneuve, eldest half sister of Charles Langlade is reported on Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country.

Pierre Paul Marin built a trading post near the mouth of the Sny Magill Creek, adjacent to the present Sny Magill Unit of Effect Mounds National Monument.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Pierre Reaume dit Thamur (Themus) (1709-1766) son (II)-Robert Joseph Reaume and Elisabeth Btunet; married to Suzanne Hubert Lacroix  b-1709 daughter Louis Joseph Hubert dit Lacroix (1663-1730) and Marie Madeleine Trotier (Trottier).

Francoise Veronique Rochereau born February 1738, baptized April 29, 1738 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), daughter sieur Rochereau and Francoise Sauvagesse Sauteuse (1717-1742) of Sault Ste Marie, Ojibwa Country, New France (Michigan/Ontario).

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Charlotte Suzanne Reaume daughter (III)-Pierre Reaume dit Thamur (Themus) (1709-1766) and Suzanne Hubert Lacroix  b-1709; married  1760 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Pierre Charles Daneau du May.

Michel Gamelin dit Mangras/Maugras/Gaucher b-1700 is hiring for poste 8iatanons and hired Joseph Marie Lecuter and Ostache Gamelin (his brother), for Alexis Lemoyne Moniere.

Monsieur de Louvierre is at Fort Marepas, as is Louis D'Amours de Louvierre and Nicolas Augustin Nolan (born 1705) son Jean Baptiste Nolan, Montreal, Quebec, merchant, also brother to Charles Nolan de la Marque (1694-1754).  Alexis Sejourne alias Sans Chagrin is sergeant at Fort Rouge (Manitoba) with 12 men.

(I)-John Potts d-1764 a surgeon joined HBC (1738-1764) York Fort married unknown Indian girl.  Who received his bed and cover in 1764
    (II)-George Potts Metis (1747-1758) likely born Moose Factory, died likely Fort Richmond.
    Isham Potts, listed as a personal servant but likely a son.  However in 1740 described John as very sober, honest and industrious young man, not a comment of a son, a relative perhaps. 
    (II)-John Potts Metis Jr (1763-1766) listed a sailor so dates likely dates of service?
    (II)-a son received his fathers cloths in 1764

It is reported the English from Carolina, New England are trading 150 leagues north of New Orleans, Louisiana.

Fort La Reine (Portage La Prairie), originally called Maureps, is built by Pierre Gaultier de Verendrye (Vareness) et de La Vérendrye and his sons, independent fur traders.  The Vérendrye's used this fort for their exploration of the North West.  The actual location is in dispute. Some say Portage La Prairie, others Popular Point.  The fort was burnt at least twice, and could have been relocated each time.  Part of the confusion is that a whole series of forts, in this region west of Winnipeg on the Assiniboine River, were named Fort La Reine. 

La Verendrye discussed with the Cree and Assiniboine, the building of a fort at the forks of the Red River and Assiniboine River (Manitoba).  These tribes would establish a permanent village there to support it.

Charles Nolan de la Marque (1694-1754), a significant investor in the Verendrye Company, his brother Nolan and 10 men, including 4 savages and their wives, in two canoes, traveled October 8 to Fort Saint Charles on an expedition to the Mandan, also called the Ouachipouens or the Courtchouattes.  Charles Nolan de la Marque (1694-1754), his brother, (II)-Pierre La Verendrye (1685-1749) and his sons (III)-Louis Joseph Gautier of Verendrye (1717-1761), (III)-Joseph Gautier of Verendrye (called the Chevalier)??, (III)-Francois Gautier (1715-1761) of Verendrye, with 52 French and 600 Assiniboine, reached the main Mandan village on the Heart River near Sanish, North Dakota and viewed the Missouri River.  The Mandan people at this time lived in fortified cities, and raised crops, goats and horses.  La Verendrye said the Mandan didn't have horses but their neighbors to the south did.  Some question if La Verendrye Sr. actually made this trip.

Fort Rouge (Winnipeg, Manitoba) on the Red River is abandoned.  It is no surprise that Fort Rouge is the meeting place of the Metis, as this is a historic trading center of the natives for thousands of years.  It was a great place for the making of maple sugar.

January 6:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Isidore Chesne died July 1, 1793 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778); married November 28, 1758 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Therese Becquet. 

January 7:  Montreal, Quebec, marriage, Jean Baptiste Bibaut to (III)-Marie Madeleine Durand, Metis, born March 13, 1715, St. Nicolas, died October 11, 1749, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

January 20:  Fort Detroit, marriage, (III)-Pierre Reaume born October 6, 1709, Lachine, died December 19, 1766 Fort Detroit son (II)-Robert Reaume (1668-1744) and Elisabeth Brunet Belhumeur (1674-1748); 1st married 1722 Marie Therese Stebbe, Lajounesse b-1700, died May 14, 1730 Fort Detroit; 2nd married January 20, 1738 Fort Detroit Suzanne Hubert.

February 3:  Michilimackinac, baptism Claude Charles Gauthier, Metis son Sieur Gauthier son Sieur Gauthier (nephew of Charles Langlade) and savage.

February 10:   Montreal, Quebec, marriage, (IV)-Jean Baptiste Jolliet et Joliet-Baillarge b-1704 merchant Voyager married (III)-Marie Joseph Robert b-1715.

February 14:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), death, (III)-Marie  Chesne daughter (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778). 

February 16:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Noel Casse dit St. Aubin son (I)-Jean Casse; married (II)-Suzanne Esteve dit Lajeunesse born 1721 daughter (I)-Pierre Esteve.

February 17:  Montreal, marriage (III)-Jean Baptiste Desautels, b-1707, and (III)-Marie Francoise Lefebvre, Metis, born February 27, 1719, Montreal son (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

January 20: Detroit married (II)-Pierre Reaume b-1709 Lachine d-1766 Detroit; 2nd married  to Suzanne Hubert, 1st married 1722 Marie Stebre

April 23:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Catherine Caron daughter (III)-Vital Caron (1702-1747) and (II)-Madeleine Pruneau veuve de Jean Baptiste Casse.

April 29:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Francis Veronique Rocheveau, Metis born March 1738 daughter Sieur Rocheveau and savage.

May:   Gabriel Allard (1714-1777) was hired by Antoine Busquet for trip to Fort Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

May 3:   Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade aka Sieur de d'Englade born 1703 died 1771/77 hired Antoine Trottier for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan). 

May 4: Montreal marriage (I)-Raymond Rigal b-1739 to Marguerite Marin of Michillimakinac

May 15:  Detroit, birth (IV)-Pierre Roy son (III)-Joseph Roy dit Chatellereau b-1709 and (III)-Madeleine Perthus b-1720. 

June 19:  Fort Detroit, birth, (IV)-Marie Charlotte Reaume died May 20, 1729 Fort Detroit, daughter (III)-Pierre Reaume (1709-1766) and (III)-Suzanne Hubert b-1709; married November 4, 1760 Fort Detroit Pierre Charles Daneau de Muy.

July:   (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) is at Mackinaw, New France (Michigan), securing twenty two men and six canoes for a trip to the Red and Assiniboine rivers (Fort Rouge) (Manitoba).  La Verendrye is requested to resign due to incompetence and his inept handling of Indian affairs.  La Verendrye protested the incompetence charge, listing his accomplishments, which were the large number of Pani (slaves) shipped to Montreal, Quebec.  His own slaves include Joseph (1736-1755) and Marie (1736-1756).  His attempt to align himself with the practices of the Roman Catholic Church failed to save his job.

July 17: Mackinac marriage (II)-Pierre Grignon b-1709 to (IV)-Marguerite Chevalier b-1723 
    (III)-Marie Marguerite Grignon b-1739 Grondines married (II)-Pierre Augustin Arcouet
        (III)-Marguerite Josephe Augustin b-1743 Batiscan
    (III)-Pierre Grignon b-1740 Deschambault, married 1787 Mackinac (V)-Louise Dominate Langlade b-1759
    (III)-Jean Baptiste Grignon b-1743 Grondines 
    (III)-Marie Joseph  Grignon b-1744 Grondines 
    (III)-Marie Joseph Grignon b-1746 Grondines 
    (III)-Marie Pelagie Grignon b-1748 Grondines 
    (III)-Joseph  Grignon married 1771 St Cuthbert Marie Joseph Turcot daughter Alexis Turcot

August 3:  Fort Detroit, marriage (II)-Jean Baptiste Pilet, b-1709, died November 1, 1762, Fort Detroit, son (I)-Jacques Pilet; 
1st married August 3, 1738, Fort Detroit, (III)-Anne Provost et Pioneau, Metis, born November 25, 1716, Quebec, died April 11, 1750, Detroit, daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Provost, Metis (1659-1737) and  (III)-Genevieve Sedilot: 
    (III)-Marie Anne Pilot Metis b-1748 Detroit married 1764 Detroit (II)-Hyacinthe Deshetres 
    (III)-Jean Baptiste Pilot Metis d-1749 Detroit
2nd marriage March 6, 1753 Fort Detroit, (III)-Genevieve Vannier, b-1715, veuve de Pierre Becquet .

July 3:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Angelique Hamelin (Gueniere) Metis, died April 25, 1739, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier born July 8, 1714, Grondines, died 1760, called an ancient voyager  and his slave woman Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace.

July 15:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Pierre Grignon (1709-1736??) son (I)-Jacques Grignon and Marie Therese Richer; married (III)- Josephe Marguerite Chevalier born March 18, 1723  Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard (later in life), Jacques LeSage.

July 17:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Pierre Grignon born August 9, 1709, Deschambault, died 1736? Montreal, Quebec son (II)-Pierre (Jacques) Grignon b-1662 and (II)-Marie Therese Richer et Riche dil LaFleure born 1676;  married July 17, 1738 Fort Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), a (III)-Marguerite Josephte Chevalier born March 18, 1723 daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), (Marguerite elle epouse, plus, tard (later in life), Jacques LeSage). Brother (II)-Jacques Grignon (1697-1749) has been trading through this area since 1722.

August 3:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Ignace Parent, Metis son Pierre Parent and a savage.

August 3:  Fort Detroit, marriage, (II)-Jean Baptiste Pilet (Pillet) b-1709, died November 1, 1762 Fort Detroit, son (I)-Jacques Pilet (Pillet) (1673-1723) and (II)-Helene Valiquet; 
1st married August 3, 1738 (III)-Marie Anne Provost b-1716, died April 11, 1750 Fort Detroit daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Provost;
    (III)-Marie Anne Pilet b-1748 Detroit married 1764 Hyacinthe Deshetres
    (III)-Jean Baptiste Pilet d-1749 Detroit  
2nd marriage March 6, 1753, Fort Detroit (III)-Jenevieve Vannier, died November 1, 1762 Fort Detroit, veuve Pierre Becquet.

August 10:  Mivhilimackinac, baptism, Augustin Urtubize son of a negress slave of Marin Urtubize.

August 12:   Aux Eboulements, birth, (IV)-Genevieve Heve, born August 12, died Sept 18, 1737 daughter (III)-Joseph Heve b-1710 and (III)-Barbie Gontier et Gautier b-1719.

August 16:   Machillimakinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Augustin Heurtebise enfant son of a Negress slave belonging to Sieur (III)-Marin Heurtebise et Hurtebise (Urtnbize) who is killed by the Dakota Sioux.

August 28:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Jean Baptiste Douaire de Bondy son  (III)- Joseph Douaire de Bondy ( 1700-1760) and (III)-Marie Anne Campeau born 1707; married January 16, 1764 Vercheres Elisabeth Coursol.

August 29:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Desgagnes son (II)-Jacques Desgagnes born 1691 and (II)-Marguerite Jousset born 1692.

September 6:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), death, of (I)-Alexis Aobnaux b-1703

September 23:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, Francois Boisguilbert (Boisghuilbert) to Agathe Amiot dit Villeneuve (b-1724) daughter Donitelle Villeneuve (now L'Anglade).  Domitilade (Theresa) Nissowaquet an Ottawa, widow Daniel Villeneuve.  She is the daughter Chief Nissowaquet, an Ottawa.

September 28:   (II)-Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) finally reached the Assiniboine River (Red River or Winnipeg, Manitoba).

October:   (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) built Fort La Reine (Portage La Prairie, Manitoba).

October 19: Detroit marriage (V)-Rene Cloutier b-1734 to (IV)-Marie Joseph Campeau b-1745
    (VI)-Rene Cloutier married 1792 Detroit Elisabeth Robidoux
    (VI)-Therese Cloutier married 1792 Detroit (III)-Antoine Davignon
    (VI)-Charles Cloutier b-1767 Detroit 
    (VI)-Catherine Cloutier married 1792 Detroit (III)-Pierre Solo b-1759

October 24:  Montreal, birth (III)-Marie Joseph Lefebvre, Metis, died January 31, 1740, Montreal daughter (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

November 1:  Petite Rivere, birth (IV)-Ls Michel Tremblay born November 1, 1738 Petite Rivere son (III)-Pierre Trembley b-1708 and (III)-Marie Madeleine Simard (1713-1756); married (II)-Cecile Yax b-1753.

November 23:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Pierre Pascal Hamelin, Metis, born February 21, 1735, died 1743 Montreal, son Hamelin and a savage.

November 24:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Louis Charles Hamelin, Metis, born March, 1737, son Hamelin and a savage.

November 25:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Jacques Hamelin, Metis born January 22, 1733 likely west of Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), son (III)- Charles Hamelin La Gueniere (dit LaGunnier) (1714-1760) and his slave Marie Athanase, a Sauteux woman, born about 1708, died 1744 Pte St. Ignace.  

November 26:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Marianne Hamelin, Metis, born January 10, 1731, daughter Hamelin and a savage.

November 27:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier (also Lagueniere) (Gueniere) or Laguenier, born July 8, 1714 Grondines, died 1760, an ancient voyager, son (II)-Jacques Hamelin La  Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)-Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759); 
1st married  November 27, 1738 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Marie Athanase Sauteuse born 1708, baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 (d-1744), listed as a slave of Charles 
    (IV)-Marie Anne Hamel Metis b-1731, bapt 1738 Michillimackinac, d-1767 Montreal
    (IV)-Jacques Hamel Metis b-1733, bapt 1738 Michillimackinac
    (IV)-Pierre Paschal Hamel Metis b-1735, bapt 1738 Michillimackinac, d-1743 Montreal
    (IV)-Louis Charles  Hamel et Hamlin Metis b-1737, bapt 1738 Michillimackinac, married about 1768 Marie Joseph Lesable of the Sauteuse nation b-1737, bapt 1787
    (IV)-Marie Angelique Hamel Metis bapt 1738, d-1739 Michillimackinac, 
    (IV)-Marie Francoise Hamel Metis b-1739, bapt 1740 Michillimackinac, d-1751 Ste Anne de la Perdade
    (IV)-Jean Baptiste Hamel Metis b-1741 Michillimackinac
2nd marriage February 4, 1748, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan) Marie Anastasie (Catherine) Sauteaux daughter Mouus.  see 1730 country marriage first child Marie Anne born January 10, 1731, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan).
     (IV)-Pierre Charles Hamel Metis b-1746, bapt 1747, d-1747 Michillimackinac
    (IV)-Marie Joseph Hamel Metis b-1749 Michillimackinac
    

November 27:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Marie Athanase (1708-1745) died at Point St. Ignace, a savage listed slave (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier (1714-1760) who she married.

December 19-21:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (II)-Noel Jean Casse dit St. Aubin born 19th died 21st of December son (I)-Jean Casse and (II)-Suzanne Esteve dit Lajeunesse born 1721.

December 27:   Mackinac birth (V)-Marie Anne Amiot, Metis daughter (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambrose Amiot born 1694 and Marie Anne Kitoulague sauvagesse died August 16, 1759 Mackinac

December 3:   (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) went to the Mandan country on the Missouri River, this being the only exploration project conducted by himself.  He usually sent one of his sons or his nephew, the late (II)- Christophe Dufrost de la Jemerais.  He was unsure of what he found, and was physically and financially exhausted.  That he actually made the trip has been questioned.  He may have said this to claim the credit for his Companies activities.  This would be his last venture.  Some suggest he went some distance into North Dakota but wintered Fort La Reine before returning to Montreal, Quebec. 

 

1739

Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Augustin Chaboillez son (II)-Charles Chaboillez (1706-1757) and Marie Anne Chevalier.

(I)-Joseph Caillabe living in Quebec, Quebec, but before this he is living Louisbourg.

(I)-Pierre Couturier dit Bourguignon (1665-1739) listed voyager West.

(II)-Alexander DaGneau sieur de Douville (1698-1774), interpreter, listed Voyager West to Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan).  He traded for 15 years among the Miamis, Fort des Sables (Irondequoit, N.Y.), Baie des Paunts (Green Bay, Wisconsin) and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

Joseph La France, a Metis, (1707-1745),  the French would not allow him to trade brandy to the Indians and became a free trader and claimed to have journeyed inland through Canada from 1739 to 1742.  He drew a map on the floor of a London tavern showing the de Fonte's Strait, the Northwest Passage. Bartholomew de Fonte claimed to have traveled the passage in 1640 and published the results in 1708 called Memoirs for the Curious.  Many believe both accounts were fiction.

Birth (III)-Marie Marguerite Grignon, daughter, (II)- Pierre Grignon (1709-1736??) and (III)- Josephe Marguerite Chevalier born 1723; married Pierre Augustin Arcouet

Marriage, Jean Robin dit Latouche to (III)-Marguerite Du Roy, Metis (1703-1755) daughter (II)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miami Indian.

Birth, Alexander McGillivray, Metis died February 17, 1793, Pensacola, Florida son of a wealthy Scotchman and a Creek woman.   He became a chief of the Creek and fought against the Americans with the British. He was beaten by General James Robertson and lost everything in 1783.

London wrote grudgingly to Chief Factor (I)-Richard Norton, who has a native wife, at Churchill that they can't stop relations with Indian women, but they ought not to be put to any chare (charge) or their affairs be damaged to the company.

Pierre Jacques Payan/Payen de Noyen Desnoyer, sieur de Chavois/Chavoy is commander Fort Pont Chartrain from 1739-1740.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, Joseph Reaume (1739-1796) son Hyacinthe Reaume (1704-1774) and Agathe Lacelle (1709-1778): married 1766 Marie Charlotte Levasseur Carmel.  

Verendrye leaving Fort La Reine pushed up through Lake Manitoba and established Fort Dauphin on the lake and Fort Bourbon on the Saskatchewan River near its mouth, I assume this means the forks.

On or before 1739, voyage west to Illinois Country (III)-Jean Baptiste Faucher dit Chateauvert born January 26, 1704 Pte Aux Trembles son (II)-Nicolas Faucher dit Chateauvert (1670-1739) and (II)-Madeleine Langlois (1681-1756); 1st marriage (III)-Francoise Delisle born 1701 daughter (II)-Antoine Delisle.  Five children were born in the Illinois Country, four were recorded, but the first was not.  It is likely the first was by his first wife, who may have died, and the rest by 2nd wife, not recorded??  Its possible the first is born in Quebec, Quebec, and left with relatives?  1st child (IV)-Jean Baptiste Faucher dit Chateauvert, married September 13, 1762, St. Augustin to Marie Anne Bernard, 2nd marriage 1740 Catherine Elisabeth Lefebcre born 1717 died November 2, 1793, St. Henri de Mascouche, daughter (II)-Urbain Bernard. 

(I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor New France (1726-1747) granted a trading license to Claude Marin (Martin) de la Perriere and Louis Cesaire Dagneau dit Douville, sieur de Quindre for prosecuting the trade at the mouth of Michipicoten River on Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country.

Paul Mallet and Pierre Mallet both Frenchmen ventured (1739 to 1742) from New Orleans to find a direct trade route from the Mississippi Valley to what they believed to be a silver-rich Santa Fe, New Mexico.  Others suggest they were to explore the sources of the Missouri and Platte Rivers, which seems more compatable with their venture.  They first went up the Mississippi River to Cahokia and with 8 Metis up the Missouri River to Omaha, Nebraska.  The Pawnee gently pointed out that they had come a long way out of their way.  Following the Pawnee advice they headed southwest with packhorses crossing Nebraska, and much of Kansas before turning due west to Colorado.  They visited governor Gasper D. Mendoza of New Mexico.  They reached Santa Fe in late July.  They then returned to Louisiana. 

This year is the first record of tobacco being exported from New France (Canada) to France .  The tobacco plant, nicotiana tabacum, was introduced to Europe in 1561. It arrived at Lisbon, where the French ambassador, Jean Nicot, took an interest in the new plant and introduced it to France.

Arthur Dobbs, from Joseph La France, French Canadese, Metis (1707-1745) traveled 1739-1742 from Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country, Red River, Lake Winnipeg to York Factory (Manitoba).  He noted the Eagle-Eyed People (Assiniboine) lived on the eastern side of Lake Winnipeg (Manitoba).  The Nation de Beaux Hommes are at Red Lake and the Sturgeon People at the Lake of the Woods.

The Blackfoot are using horses to hunt bison (buffalo).  La Verendrye has re-established Fort La Reine (Portage La Prairie) on the Assiniboine River.  Joseph la France, a French Canadese Indian (Metis), (1707-1745) from 1739 to 1742, extensively traded the Red Lake, Minnesota region.  He traded among the Epinette, Ouassi and Saulteurs (Ojibwa) peoples.  A map printed in 1742 says he provided information that suggested he explored Lake Winnipeg, Saskatchewan River system, Lake Winnipegosis and the Nelson River.  

The Cree informed the Hudson Bay Company that the French had three settlements active this year, whereas last year only one existed.  The Cree are at war with the Poets (Dakota Sioux), who are headed by the French or Coureurs des Bois (Woods Runners).

It is noteworthy that in 1755 Fort Carillon, also called Fort Vaudreuil, at Tisconderoga, commands the outlet of Lake George (Minnesota).  Monsieur La Verendrye reported a numerous nation of pale-faced savages, 30 leagues from Fort St. Charles.  Fort Saint Charles is 60 to 70 leagues south west of the Lake of the Woods.  Some believe the location is 4 miles up the bay, called Northwest Angle Inlet, west of American Point and Buckete Island, Lake of the Woods.  Others suggest this lost tribe of pale-faced savages, who are well known in Montreal and Quebec circles, are distorted reports of the numerous 'Assinipoval Metis' families in the area.  La Verendrye reported the Mandan is the mixed blood of white and black, the lighter ones have blond or fair hair.  Most of the women do not have the Indian features.  The Assiniboin, who led La Verendrye to the Mandan, traded English goods received from the Hudson Bay.  Father du Jaunay (1704-1781), who was at St. Joseph in 1738, wrote from Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), to Beaubarnois, requesting a posting among the 1,500 Mandan (Dakota Territory).  He never visited the Mandan and was posted to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), 1742 to 1765.

Under French Royal Ordinance, only 25 Trade Passports (Conge de Traite) are to be issued per year, but 81 passports are issued this year.

A slave uprising in North Carolina is soon quelled with the murder of 40 African slaves.  Charles Town, South Carolina had imported 12,589 African slaves to work the rice crops from 1735 to 1740.  This year the slave rebellion cry became 'liberty' and 'freedom' and became known as the Stono Rebellion.  This was the largest rebellion in Colonial American history.  The Black Americans however would not gain their freedom.

January 28:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Agathe Campeau daughter (III)-Nicolas Campeau (1710-1756) and (II)-Agathe Casse (1716-1808); married January 30, 1758 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Alex Seguin.

January 29: Fort Detroit marriage (II)-Francis Gastinon b-1700 to (III)-Marie Joseph David (1698-1793)
    (III)-Marie Joseph Gastinon b-1744 Fort Detroit, 1st married 1759 Fort Detroit, 2nd married 1768 Fort Detroit Alexandre Heler
    (III)-Marie Madeleine Gastinon b-1747 Fort Detroit, married Jean Baptiste Aid Crequy
    (III)-Catherine Gastinon (1749-1783) Fort Detroit, married 1762 Fort Detroit, Nicolas Patenote
    (III)-Claude Francois Gastinonb-1756 Fort Detroit married b-1775/76 Fort Detroit a (II)-Jeanne Brillant (1762-1791)
    (III)-Francoise Gastinon b-1775 Fort Detroit 
    (III)-Pierre Jean Gastinon b-1754 Fort Detroit, married 1774 Fort Detroit, (III)-Marie Joseph Laselle b-1757
        (IV)-Etienne Gastinon b-1776 Fort Detroit
        (IV)-Nicolas Gastinon (1777-1777) Fort Detroit


February 1:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Simon Campeau son (III)-Jean Louis Campeau (1702-1774) and (II)-Marie Louise Robert died April 2, 1776; married July 6, 1761 Veronique Bourdeau.

February 1:  Detroit, birth, (III)-Elizabeth Barrois, daughter (II)-Francois Barris dit Lothman and (II)-Marie Anne Sauvage, b-1697.

February 16:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Antoine Campeau son (III)-Antoine Campeau and (V)-Marie Anne Pelletier.

February 22:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Julie Catherine Campeau daughter (III)-Jean Baptiste Campeau (1711-1783) and (III)-Catherine Perthus (1718-1763); married July 12, 1762 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Jean Chrysostome Thiriot.

(II)-Paul Blanchetiere, Metis, born February 28, 1739 Montreal son (I)-Sulpice Blanchetiere dit St. George b-1706 married 1738 Montreal, Catherine a Panis (Slave).

March 24:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Angelique Chiquot, died April 13, 1739, daughter (III)-Zacharie Chiquot (1708-1775) and (III)-Marie Angelique Godfroy (1720-1791).

May 8:   (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor New France (1726-1747) issued permit to (III)-Louis Charly of Saint Ange to depart Montreal, Quebec, at the melting of next spring, for one canoe crew of six men, who serve a commission and explore in the name of (III)-Nicolas Brazeau (1706-1755) of Montreal, Quebec, to render to the Post of Temiscamingue (Ontario).  Prohibited to make treaty anywhere else than with the named Post and its dependencies.  The people engaged with this canoe are:  (III)-Louis Charly of Saint Ange born 1703; (III)-Nicholas Brazeau (1706-1755), guide, of Montreal, Quebec; (IV)-Louis Francois Sincire alias Saint Cyr (also Rouillard born 1735), of Batiscan (north east of Trois Rivieres, Quebec); (III)-Oliver Garaheau, also called Coline, of Carillon (west of Montreal, Quebec), alias Garneau, (aka Garao, Garau, Gavahau, Ganahau, Garahan, Gaspe and (Perrin) born 1706 at Bout de I'IIe, Montreal, Quebec); Louis Latulippe, de Batiscan; Paul Caly, de Saint Leonard; Philippe Savage DuLac (savage of the Lake).  Monsieur Colin (possible relative (III)-Oliver Garneau alias Coline), interpreter, was burnt with LaBossiere by the Iroquois in 1690.

April 16:   (III)-Francois Gautier (1715-1794) of Verendrye travels to The Pas, Northwest (Manitoba).

April 23:  Fort Detroit, birth (III)-Jeannie Parant daughter (II)-Laurent Parant b-1703 and (IV)-Jeanne Cardinal b-1717; married September 8, 1755 Fort Detroit Francois Godet.

May 20:  Monsieur (III)-Ignace Gamelin (born 1698) at Batiscan, dispatched 3 canoes with eight men, each to explore for Monsieur Neveu out to Post de L'Quest. On June 19, he sent four more canoes, with seven men crews under command of Monsieur Maugras, to Post de la Mer d'Quest.  L'Quest, during this period, usually referred to the Pleine Sioux de L'Quest, which is a large area on the Mississippi River in the Minnesota territory.

May 17:   (I)-Richard Norton is at Prince of Wales Fort, Hudson Bay.

May 28:   A permit Charles Marcil to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

May 31:   Monsieur Hervieux sent two canoes with six men crews to explore out of Post du Lake Alepigon, under Jean Baptiste Courville alias Desmarest (Desmarais?) and a Pierre LeFebure.

June 8:   A permit sieur d'Ailleboust and Lebeau to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 11:   A permit to sieur Foucher under control sieur Pierre Joseph Celoron de Blainville,  (1693-1759) commandant Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan). Permit to conduct Pierre Majeau to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 19:   A permit Antoine Dubois, bourgeois de Saint Francois to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 19:   The Montreal partners, Monsieur Dulongpre, Beaulieu and (III)-Maurice Blondeau (b-1706), with four canoes and a crew of eighteen men, go to make treaty and trade out of Post des Ouyatanons.

June 20:   (III)-Louis Charly of Saint Ange, born 1703, dispatched four canoes with twenty five men, under the command of Monsieur Guillory (Guyari), to Post Chagouamigon.  Antoine Guillory (Guyari) is taking the northern route, due north of Lake Ontario, and there is a high probability that (III)-Oliver Garaheau, alias Garao and Perrin de Louarget (born 1706), and (III)-Nicholas Brazeau (1706-1755) are included on this trip, as they would have returned from the short supply run to Post Temiscamingue.

June 22:   A permit Francois de Couagne and sieur de Blainville to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 29:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Francois Catignon, also Gastinon et Gastignon dit Duchesne, born October 12, 1700 Montreal,Quebec, habitant La Grosse Pointe du Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Antoine Leonard Catignon (Gastinon) (1667-1708) and (II)-Madeleine Arcouet born 1676; married (III)-Marie Joseph David born 1698 died March 1, 1793 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Joseph David b-1652 and Marie Morneau.
    (III)-Marie Joseph Catignon (1740-1740) Detroit
    (III)-Marie Jeanne Catignon (1742-1742) Detroit
    (III)-Marie Francoise Catignon (1743-1743) Detroit

July 1:  Fort Detroit,(Michigan) birth  (III)-Marie Joseph Meloche, daughter (II)-Pierre Meloche (1701-1760) and (III)-Jeanne Caron b-1709; married January 13, 1755 Fort Detroit Francois Rocheleau.

July 13:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Anne Menard, born November 18, 1738, son of the daughter of Siru Francois Manard. 

July 14:   Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Marie Therese DuLignon, Metis, born November 19, 1738, daughter Sieur (III)-Jean DuLignon (d-1762) and Marie Joseph Angelique LeMaire, (1717-1748) sauvagesse; married August 31, 1762 Montreal, Quebec, Joseph Laurence Bertrand.

July 21:   Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, Pierre Renard dit Locas (Local) to Marie Josephe Chevalier.

July 26:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Augustin Chaboyer, Metis son Charles Chaboyer and savage.

July 26:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Pierre Perron b-1711 son (II)-Jean Perron; married to (II)-Marie Francoise Dufournel,  b-1724, daughter  (I)-Jean Baptiste Dufournel ( 1661-1731) and (II)-Madeleine Couteret et Cotret veuve de Pierre Durivage.

July 30:   A permit sieur Giguere to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

July 31:   Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Ignace, born 1735 (age 3-4 years), is given by the English to the Mackinac St. Ignace Mission, New France (Michigan), as a slave.

August 1:   A permit sieur Cuillerie to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

August 7:   Monsieur La Saussaye departed Montreal, Quebec, with one canoe and five men to Post des Chaouanons by taking the north Lake Ontario route.

August 27:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Jean Baptiste DeMarsac son (II)-Francois DeMarsac (1706-1777) and Therese Cecile Campeau (1714-1746).

September 5:  Detroit, New France (Michigan), (IV)-Marie Francois Lauzon daughter (III)-Nicolas Lauzon (1693-1779) and (II)-Marie Louise Chauvin b-1696, died March 6, 1766,  veuve de Julien Francois Becmont; married November 4, 1755 Detroit New France (Michigan Francois Meloche. Lauzon first marriage 1726, (II)-Marie Madeleine Moran (1704-1732).

September 27:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Michel Chevalier enfant son of a female slave of Madame Chevalier.

October 30:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Charoltte Gloria daughter (I)-Pierre Dufour dit Bonvivant born 1714 and (III)-Marie Charlotte Gloria (1721-1766); married April 28, 1755 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Joseph Amable Fauvel.

November 4:   Likely west of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Francoise Hamelin (Gueniere), Metis, baptised October 2, 1740, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died February 20, 1751, Ste Anne de la Perade, daughter (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier ( 1714-1760) called an ancient voyager  son (II)- Jacques Hamelin La  Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)- Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759) and married 1st about 1730 (church wedding November 27, 1738) his slave Ikwe (Ojibwa Woman) Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace, 2nd marriage February 4, 1748 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Catherine Anastasie (Marie Athanase) Sauteux (1725-1748) daughter of Mouus Sauteux and slave of 1st wife, 3rd marriage 1760 Montreal, Quebec, to girl born 1742 and at this time Marie Athanese was alive in Quebec, Quebec, saying her husband was dead in 1757.

November 25:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Louise Elisabeth Dagneau (DaGneau or DaGnaux), de Douville,   daughter (II)-Jean Dagneau sieur de Douville born December 31, 1694, Sorel, Quebec, Quebec,  died August 27, 1751, Montreal, Quebec, and Marie Elizabeth Raimbault, (1705-1772)? (possible daughter Iroquois woman??).  Married 2nd March 17, 1728 Longue Pointe, Quebec, Marie Elisabeth Raimbault, Iroquois? Longe Poihnte, Quebec, daughter of Pierre Raimbault and Jeanne Francoise Simblin, 1st marriage before 1730 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), an Iroquoise.  It would appear that Jean had two wives, a city wife and a country wife, but the Iroquois wife moved to Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), by 1730, as one child was born June 25, 1731 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), and this child may also be from the first marriage.

November 26:  Fort Detroit, birth, (II)-Robert Navarre died October 11, 1773 Fort Detroit son (I)-Robert Navarre (1709-1791) and (III)-Marie Barrois Lothman; married December 13, 1762 Fort Detroit Marie Louise Demarsac.

December 24:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Jacques DeMarsac son (II)-Francois DeMarsac (1706-1777) and Therese Cecile Campeau (1714-1746).

December 30:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Alexis Desruisseaux to (III)-Marie Anne Godfroy born August 22, 1716 Montreal, Quebec, died July 21, 1777, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jacques Godfroy de Mauboeuf (1684-1730) and (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690.

  

1740 

The Cree are east of Lake Winnipeg, Northwest, and near Rainy Lake (Ontario) and Lake of the Woods (Ontario).

Louis Bolduc established a house at Sainte Genevieve, (Missouri).

Cahokia, (Illinois), on the Mississippi River, marriage, Charles Cadeau (Cadieu) de Beauport, Metis, , married Marie Catherine Peorias, an Illinois sauvagesse b-1728, died July 3, 1758 Cahokia, Illinois.  Had one child Louis Dion, died July 1741 Cahokia, (a child slave child of Dion, the voyager)
Charles Cadieu of Beauport, 1740 he is at Cahokia, Missouri married Marie Catherine Peorias b-1728 d-1758 Cahokia slave of Dion dit Guyon? a voyager; his slave was a Metis child of Dion, I assume he refers to Louis below.   
    Louis Dion Metis b-1741  October 25, 1747  Michilimackinac, baptism, Louis Rene Dion, Metis, b-1746 son illigimate son of Dion a voyager and a slave Catherine an Illinois Woman lawful wife Cadieu Resining.  Also see Metis 1738 & 1740 & France 1740

Caraquet, Nova Scotia (now New Brunswick), marriage, Joseph le Bouthillier possibly from Jersey Island but could be born in Quebec married to Angelique Giraud daughter Gabriel Giraud dit St. Jean and Mi'Kmaq Indian Woman. of Burnt Chruch (could be Abenakis?) possible 2nd marriage 1760-1763 Pierre Gallien; With Joseph four known children Genevieve Le Bouthillier, Metis who married 1751? Gabriel Albert b-1740? Pabos Gaspesia (between Perce and Bonaventure, Quebec) and Rene Le Bouthiller who became a captain for the Robin Company, Agnes (Anesse) who married Jacque Maret (known as Maurai in Quebec and Morais in Acadie), and Josette who married Rene Frigault;  With Pierre one know child Francoise Gathien (Gallien, Galien), Metis who married May 15, 1784 Rene Duguay in Paspebiac, Quebec.  Sources Angelique Giraud, and Hermel Duguay

(III)-Pierre Louis Dagneau born 1740, likely Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Louis-Cesaire Dagneau (1704-1767) squire, who died Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), and (Lady Catherine Bellestre) (III)-Marie Anne Picote de Belestre (1714-1756).

(II)-Louis Cesaire Dagneau ou Dagnaux (de Quindre) (1704-1767) during the period of 1740 to 1742 is sending canoes to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), and leased in partnership with Claude Marin de la Perriere, Michipicuten Post (Michidicoten Harbour, Ontario) from Pierre Gualter de Farrens et de la Verendyre.   Cesaire moved his wife Marie Anne Picote de Belestre (1717-1756) from Montreal to Fort Saint Joseph (Niles, Michigan) with his partner Claude Martin.

South West Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, Pierre Forville son Pierre Forville habitant de la cote sud-quest Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), and Marie Catherine Chesse born 1722 died August 20, 1748 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan).

(II)-Guillaume Dagneau ( Dagnaux) Douville, sieur de la Mothe b-1706 Sorel, Richelieu, Quebec, Quebec, son Michel Dagneaux and Marie Lamy dit Defond, was hiring men for the fur trade at Michipicoton and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

Marie Charlotte Dagneau, born 1740 daughter Philippe Thomas Dagneau de la Saussaye (1700-1758) and Marie Lamy dit Defond; 

Joseph Dorion a Coureurs des Bois is trading Cahokia (St. Louis, Missouri) region, Illinois and married 1749 Cahokia, Illinois,  Marie Anne Padoka of Cahokia, (Illinois).  Source Leah Dorion.

(III)-Laurent Eustache (Ustache) Gamelin born 1695, negociant, died March 11, 1774 others suggest death 1771 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Pierre Gamelin; married 1740, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (III)-Marie Josephe Dudevoir et Bonvouloir dit Lachene daughter (II)-Claude Dudevoir dit Bonvouloir and Barbara Elisabeth Cardinal.  
    (IV)-Marie Joseph Gamelin b-1741 Detroit married 1758 Detroit Joseph Douaire
    (IV)-Marie Jeanne Gamelin (1743-1769) Detroit married 1767 Detroit Jean Marie Philippe Legras
    (IV)-Marie Catherine Gamelin (1744-1768) Detroit married 1766 Detroit (IV)-Joseph Antoine Gamelin b-1746
    (IV)-Agathe Gamelin b-1745 Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Joseph Gamelin (1746-1747) Detroit married 1766 Detroit
    (IV)-Joseph  Gamelin (1748-1749) Detroit married 1766 Detroit
    (IV)-Francois Gamelin 1st married 1772 Detroit (IV)-Therese Cabassier (1752-1777), 2nd marriage 1789 Joachine Faucher
    (IV)-Pierre Gamelin b-1752 Detroit
    (IV)-Hypolite Gamelin (1754-1754) Detroit
    (IV)-Madeleine Gamelin (1759-1759) Detroit

Brandy to the Indians's journal of this year references Red Deer Island and Sandy Island , Elk Island near the mouth of the Winnipeg River is shown, and an island named Iron (Fer).  Big Island was discovered in 1735 to contain iron.

Antoine Pinchon Gregare/giguiere d-1773 deserted the French army in Illinois Country to live with  the tribes of the Missouri Country.

Birth (III)-Pierre Grignon son (II)- Pierre Grignon (1709-1736?) and (III)- Josephe Marguerite Chevalier born 1723; 1st married Menominee woman, 2nd marriage Louise Domitilde Langlade.

(I)-Joseph Isbister (1710-1771) employed HBC (1726-1756) is assigned Albany (1740-1747) as chief Factor.  He most likely took a native woman as wife during this period.

(I)-James Isham d-1761 reported that native offspring's are pretty numerous around the H.B.C. posts.  They were called the 'Cree homeguard' or 'Natives of the Hudson Bay' and on rare occasions "English".  Isham had his own offsprings including (II)-Charles Price Isham, a Metis.

(III)-Antoine Janis, Metis, born July 2, 1729, Montreal, son (II)- Antoine Janis (Sicard Antoine), b-1708 and (III)-Marie Catherine Tessier, Metis, b-1704; married (II)- Catherine Tessier, Metis, born Serptember 29,1734, daughter (III)-Paul Tessier dit Lavigne (1701-1773) and (II)-Jeanne Lefebcre, Metis b-1700.  (III)-Antoine Janis was in Michillimackinac 1740

Joseph La France, a Metis, (1707-1745), a free trader wintered with the Indians at Lake Winnipeg.

Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Suzanne Reaume (1740-1760) daughter (III)-Pierre Reaume dit Thamur (Themus) (1709-1766) and Suzanne Hubert Lacroix  b-1709; married  1760 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Jacques Baby Duperon.

Charles Denis Duplessis Faber Regnard, Sieur de Morampont b-1704 is at Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), in the 1740's.

George McBeath dit St. Germain Metis  (1740-1812) was issued travel permits to the North West 1777-1778-1780;  He might be the father of
    Alexander McBeath Metis b-1757 married 1790 a native woman
        John McBeath Metis b-1791 who ,arried Ellen Matheson
    Charlotte McBeath b-1770/1777

Rowland Waggoner died a weak man and drink'd (drinking) hard, which was the thing that had been the death of all the Governors that had departed the world here (The Bay, likely Moose Factory (Ontario)).

During the 1740's and 1750's, Charles Hamelin La Gueniere (1714-1760), Francois Marie Hamelin b-1729, Michel Hamelin and Augustin Hamelin Jr, are involved in the fur trade out of Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin). 

(II)-Pierre Gautier of Varennes (1685-1749) is recalled to Quebec, Quebec, because of his failure to find the route to the Western Sea, and he loses his travel permit.

Claude Charles Gauthier (Gauthier) de Verville born February 3, 1738, died 1803 son Claude Gautier died 1757 and Marie Louise Villeneuve born 1720;  Charles debauched numerous female panis (slaves) belonging to his uncles Charles de Langlade.  These include but are not limited to:


Children with Sioux panis slave
Catherine Gautier who married about 1776 Jean Baptiste Brunet
Marguerite Gautier who married Rollett


Children with Winnebago panis slave
Charles Gautier ,who married a Ojibwa panis woman named Josette Bartemi Gautier


Children with Ottawa panis slave
Joseph Gautier Gautier


Children with Sac Fox panis slave
Francois Gauthier, who married Rosalie LaPoint
Jean Baptiste Gautier, who married Ursule LaPoint


Children with Menominee panis slave
Pierre Gautier
Antoine Gautier


Known children with his wife Magdeleine Paschal Chevalier
Married January 1, 1779 and births and marriages all at Prairie du Chein, (Wisconsin)
Magdeline Gautier born 1780, who married Henry Monroe Fisher
Domitille Madeline Gautier born 1781, who married Michael Brisbois jr.

New England reports that several hundred hands are engaged in the fur trade, and 100 young Englishmen go among the Indians to trade.

La Verendrye referred to Lake Winnipeg as Lake Nipigon (Manitoba).

The Ojibwa of Sault Ste Marie, New France (Michigan/Ontario) and La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) are reported on the warpath against the Dakota Sioux.  Trade is interrupted on Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country.  Rene Bourassa dit La Ronde (could be Sr. or Jr.) at La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), tried to halt the hostilities, but he had little influence among the Natives.  It should be remembered that the Dakota Sioux had sided with the French in their extermination wars against the Fox, who are of the Ojibwa peoples.

Joseph La France, a Metis, (1707-1745) working as a free trader,  informed Arthur Dobbs that the Sturegon Cree, living around the Lake of the Woods, (Ontario) are still in this location as reported in 1730.

Joseph La France, a Metis, (1707-1745) and free trader, writes that the Red River flows from Red Lake, so called from the color of its sand.  Others say it got its name from the color of the water when agitated by winds.  Beltrami in 1823 says that the Red Lake district was a long time meeting ground of the Chippeways and Sioux, and from their bloody battles on its shores the name is derived.

The Hudson Bay Company, London Office,  issued a directive not to allow development outside the factories, including agriculture.  Some employees disobey the directive and plant small gardens.  They are ordered to stop that illegal practice.  At Fort Albany, James Bay (Ontario), York boats are being built to replace the need for the canoe, as the English could not master the canoe.  The York boats would be in continuous use until 1871.  The length of York Boats varied from twenty five feet to forty feet, and the largest ones carried over four tons of freight.  The York boat is necessary, as the English are unable to master the canoe.  Few Hudson Bay men learned how to make canoes and most are unable to handle them, even when offered a bonus in pay.  The Cree will not take inexperienced men in their canoe.  The Cree  used only small canoes, knowing the Company must hire twice as many men.  The larger Canadian canoe only required five men as compared to the English ten man crew for the same weight.  Some believe this was the major reason as to why the English could not master the fur trade.  This deficiency would continue for the balance of this century.

Prior to this date at Kaskaskias, (Illinois) is recorded the temporary marriage of (II)-Jacques Grignon (1697-1749) to Catherine Clement, who also married Michel Philippe, Charles Dulunde and Antoine Roland.  Catherine Clement is the daughter Francois Marc Clement and Agnes Anard.

Captain Sakie died at Moose Factory (Ontario), Hudson Bay, in the 1740's and, being a hunter for the H.B.C., he was afforded a proper English burial.   The term captain, by the French, usually refers to a Metis, but I am not sure of the English convention at this time.

The Hudson Bay Company records make reference to certain Indians being father-in-laws of Englishmen.  The HBC men introduced polygamy into the northern Cree culture.  This practice was previously unheard of in the fur trading business.  Some notable polygamists are:  (I)-James Isham  d-1761 in the field from (1732-1749) records suggest (1730-1761), (I)-Joseph Isbister in the field (1750's to 1764), (I)-Robert Pilgrim (1744-1750), (I)-Moses Norton, an apprentice, in the field until his death (1768-1770) and (I)-Matthew Cocking in the field until his death (1772-1779).  The HBC men had more than one wife at a time, but the majority of Nor'Westers only had one wife.  By the 1780's, there is not one reported case of  polygamy in the French trade.  It was not customary, a man could have but one wife.  When the Scots entered the fur trade as Nor'Wester's, they also brought this disgusting practice of polygamy into the trade.  

Joseph La France, Metis (1707-1745) a free trader,  traveled from Grande Portage to Lake Winnipeg, North West Territories.  Grande Portage or Kitchi Onigaming (The Great Carrying Place) is the ancient link to the Pays d'en Haut, the Up-country of the Northwest.  Two unnamed French men returned to the Lake of the Woods (Ontario), from the Mandan Indians, of the Dakotas, having lived among them for the past two years.  They reported white men living to the west of the Mandan, a long journey by horse.  They had beards, and prayed to the great master of life in books made of Indian corn leaves.  They are reported to use the name Jesus and Mary.  They sell powder, cannons, guns, axes and knives.  The Canadians (Metis) believed the Mandan are referring to the Spanish.  

Joseph La France, Metis (1707-1745) the free trader, says Lake Tekamamaouen became known as Rainy Lake because of a waterfall by which the water falls into the river, and rises a mist like rain,

Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761), a Jesuit historian wrote:  It is alleged our Creoles (Metis and Coureurs des Bois) make bad servants, which is owing to their great haughtiness of spirit, and to their loving liberty too much to subject themselves willingly to servitude.  They love to breath a free air, they are early accustomed to a wandering life; it has charms for them which make them forget past dangers and fatigues, and they place their glory in encountering them often.  It is, at least certain that it inspires them with a confidence, which leads them to undertake and execute what would appear, impossible to many others.

Red River of Manitoba borrowed its name from the French who called it Riveriere Rouge who got the name from the Ojibwa who called it Miskwa-gama-sapi (Red Water River) and/or the Cree who called it Miscousipi (Red Water River).  The Natives called it Red River because of the red silt frequently carried by the river's current. 

A fort is built on the Paskoya River (Saskatchewan River) at Cedar Lake (Manitoba).  It would be replaced in 1750.

The French call the :Lake of the woods as Lac Du Bois or Des Isles.

January 11: Cahokia, Illinois, death (II)-Jean Baptiste Barrois who married (III)-Madeleine Cardinal, b-1699

January 17:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Alexis Bienvenu born 1701 (possibly Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan)), died October 13, 1763, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (I)-Francois Bienvenu aka Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751, is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), before 1700.  His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd marriage 1708 Marianne Lemoine.; Alexis married (III)-Elisabeth (Josette) Bouron who died May 30, 1758 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Joseph Bouron.

February 4:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Alexis Caron son (III)-Vital Caron (1702-1747) and (II)-Madeleine Pruneau veuve de Jean Baptiste Casse.

February 7:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Michel Cambeau lieutenant des Milices, living de la Cote sud dite LaMisere Metis born 1706 died September 26, 1764, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan) son (II)-Michel Campeau (1667-1737) and (II)-Jeanne Mace Metis (1677-1764);  married February 7, 1740, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (II)-Marie Joseph Buten daughter (II)-Pierre Buteau.
    (IV)-Jeanne Campeau Metis (1741-1741) Detroit
    (IV)-Michel Campeau Metis b-1743, Detroit
    (IV)-Marie Joseph Campeau Metis b-1745, Detroit, married 1760 Detroit (V)-Rene Cloutier b-1734
    (IV)-Pierre Campeau Metis b-1747, Detroit
    (IV)-Charles Campeau Metis b-1749, Detroit
    (IV)-Isabelle Campeau Metis (1756-1767), Detroit

February 15:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, Paul Alexander Campau born September 14, 1700 son Michel Campau and Jeanne Masse; married Charlotte Sioneau daughter Mathurin Sioneau and Marie Charlotte Dubeau 

February 16:  Montreal, birth (III)-Marie Catherine Lefebvre, Metis, son (II)-Charles Lefebvre, Metis, b-1692 and (III)-Francoise Gaudry, b-1697.

March 6:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Joseph Campeau daughter (III)-Antoine Campeau and (V)-Marie Anne Pelletier; married January 10, 1754, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Guillaume Bernard.

March 22:  Michillimackinac. (III)-Antoine Janis b-1729, married to (IV)-Catherine Tessier b-1734 are both at Michillimackinac.

March 25:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Chauvin son (II)-Charles Chauvin and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655; veuve d'Oliver Michel; married May 2, 1761 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Marie Louise Boyer; married May 11, 1767, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Therese Seguin.

March 27:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Jean Baptiste Gautier, Metis son Sieur Gautier and a savage

May 13:   Michilimackinac, baptism Jean Baptiste Rochereau, Metis, born January 11, 1740, son sieur Rochereau and Francoise Sauvagesse Sauteuse (1717-1742) of Sault Ste Marie, New France (Michigan/Ontario).

May 13:   A permit Laperriere Marin and sieur DeQuindre to Fort Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

May 19:   Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism (IV)-Angelique DuLignon, Metis born April 25, 1740, daughter Sieur (III)-Jean DuLignon (d-1762), voyager and Marie Josephte Angelique Lemaire, (1717-1748), (Savage) other Tanguay says died 1762?.

May 28:   A permit Brunsard Langevin to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 1:   A permit sieurs Landreville, Lefebvre and Delahaye to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 2:   A permit sieur Moge to porter Reverend Pere Saint Pe, Jesuit to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 2:   Monsieur (III)-Ignace Gamelin (born 1698) at Batiscan dispatched from Montreal, Quebec, five canoes and thirty two men under command Baptiste Pomainville for Post L'Quest or for the commander Monsieur of the Verendrye for the defense of (III)-Ignace Gamelin (born 1698) at Batiscan.

June 3:   A permit Jean Ducharme from Montreal to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 4, :  (II)-Louis DeLaCorne (born 1711) of Saint-Luc, others suggest (1703-1761) departs Montreal, Quebec, with three canoes of sixteen men and one Savage Panis (slave), his domestic, for Post du Lake Alimipigon.  It would appear Lake Alepigon (Alemipigon or Nipigon) is becoming a permanent Indies Company post.

June 4:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Anne Josephe Parent, Metis, daughter Sieur Parent and savage.

June 7:   A permit Joseph Decary of Lachine, Quebec; Philippe J. Germain, Pierre, Pierre Choret de la Pointe Claire; Laurin de Quebec; Baptiste Soucy de Montreal, Quebec.

June 8:   (III)-Louis Denis (Denys), Monsieur de La Ronde (1675-1741) departs Montreal, Quebec, with four canoes and twenty five men under the command  of Monsieur LeCuyer for post Chagouamigon.  This is the same size crew as last season, but there is no indication that the same crew members are on this trip.  (III)-Louis Charly of Saint Ange does not appear to have dispatched a canoe this year.

Jean Magan (Manian) dit L'Esperance living with Rose Amerindienne Sauvagesse, Sauteuse at La Pointe, Ojiba Country (Wisconsin), they would marry Mackinac, New France (Michigan), 1749.

June 8:   A permit sieur d'Ailleboust and Jean Laplaine de Lachine; Pierre Lariviere and Jean Baptiste Baune de Montreal, Quebec, Lafaye; Francois Desautels de Lachine to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 13:   A permit to sieur Maugras for Verendrye for 46 men to posts of L'Ouest.

June 13:   A permit Charles Douaire, (III)-Francois Gautier (1715-1794) of Verendrye and Andre Saguina des Mille Lles; Charles Chamaillart de la Pointe Claire;  Claude Fispeau, Joseph Racicot and Francois Bissonet de Boucherville and Antoine Hunaux, Louis Montreuil, Pierre, de L'ile Perrot; Jacques Lamarque de Laprairie; Bernard Laviolette de Chateauguay; Joseph Desloges du Bout de L'Ile to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 14:   A permit sieur Provancher, Major, Ignace Prudhomme, Louis Prodhomme de Saint Sulpice, Francois Saint Cyr de Batiscan; Charles Lecuyer and Louis Lecuyer de Montreal, Quebec to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).  Next day, Jean Ducgesne de Montreal, Quebec; Francois Lavallee de Sorel; Nicolas Senecal de Varennes; Pierre Denis du Tremblay; Pierre Saint Andre, de Mouille pied; Baptiste Lefebcre de Saint Martin and L'Ange Lafontaine, Pierre Champagne de Leprairie; Jean Baptiste Saint Maran de Saint Francois; Louis Gervis de Laprairie; Jean Baptiste Marcotte (Marcot) of La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) and Francois Germain du Cap Sante all to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 17:    A permit sieur LaMarque, Mania, guide, Joseph Lamonteux, Jean Cardinal (about1729-1780), Charles Cardinal, Noel Desniaux de Lachine to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 18:   A permit sieur Pierre, Nicolas Robillard; Louis Casty, Louis Charlier, Louis Blay de la Pointe aux Trembles;  Antoine Saucier de Montreal, Quebec; Joseph Giguere des Grondines to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 18:   A permit Pierre Richotte (Richot?), Charles Deslauriers, Louis Lefebvre de Montreal, Quebec; Pierre Vandry de Lachenaie; Louis Leduc des Coteaux; Francois Oulle (Houle) de Berthier to Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 20:  Joseph Tessier, drown June 20, 1740, during trip to Long Sault from Michillimakinac buried August 20, 1740 Bout de I'lle, Montreal.

July 29:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Joseph Cesire son (II)-Jean Cesire (1698-1767) and (II)-Marguerite Charlotte Girard (born 1703); married April 9, 1771 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Marie Irenne Trotier.

August 24:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Catherine Gloria Dufour daughter (I)-Pierre Dufour dit Bonvivant born 1714 and (III)-Marie Charlotte Gloria (1721-1766); married January 10, 1757 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), Joseph Mettay

August 31:   (V)-Louis Amiot, Metis, is born/baptised, November 3, 1740 Mackinac, New France (Michigan), died August 31, 1760, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambroise Amiot born 1694 and Marie Anne Kitoulague sauvagesse see 1715.

September 1:   Fort St. Joseph, birth, (III)-Antoine Cesaire Dagneau de Quindre, baptised March 24, 1742, Fort St. Joseph (Niles, Michigan) died April 18, 1784, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Louis-Cesaire Dagneau (1704-1767) squire, who died Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), and (Lady Catherine Bellestre) (III)-Marie Anne Picote de Belestre (1714-1756).

September 7:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Theodore Chesne died September 12, 1740 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778). 

September 10: Cahokia, Illinois marriage (II)-Jean Baptiste Baron (1691-1756) 
1st marriage Marie Catherine AMeRindienne an Illinoise of Kaskakia
    (III)-Joseph Baron Metis
    (III)-Suzanne Baron Metis 1st married 1747 Cahokia Jacques Barrois who is at Cahokia in 1742; 2nd married 1754 Joseph Clermont
    (III)-Marguerite Baron Metis d-1758 Cahokia, married 1754 Cahokia (III)-Charles Quesnel b-1727
    (III)-Marie Catherine Baron Metis (1742-1742) Cahokia 
2nd marriage 1748 Cahokia (II)-Domitilde Rolet d-1755 Cahokia daughter (I)-Francois Xavier Rolet and ?
    (III)-Joseph Marie Baron  b-1749 Cahokia 
    (III)-Jean Baptiste Baron  b-1751 Cahokia 
    (III)-Gabriel Baron  b-1752 Cahokia 1st married Marie Louise Buteau; 2nd married 1789 Marie Hermand

September 10: Detroit marriage (II)-Jean Baptiste Chapoton b-1721 to
1st married 1749 (III)-Genevieve Elisabeth Godfroy (1728-1750)
    (III)-Anonyme Chapoton (1750-1750) Detroit
2nd marriage 1755 Detroit (III)-Felicite Cesire b-1737 Detroit
    (III)-Jean Baptiste Bonaventure Chapoton (1756-1756) Detroit
    (III)-Charles Jean Baptiste Chapoton b-1758 Detroit married 1780 Detroit (VI)-Therese Pelletier Metis (1759-1795)
    (III)-Benoit Chapoton married 1789 (IV)-Therese Meloche b-1769
    (III)-Louis Alexis  Chapoton b-1764 Detroit married 1783 Detroit (IV)-Catherine Meloche b-1765
    (III)-Henri Martin Chapoton (1766-1766) Detroit
    (III)-Marie Felicite Chapoton (1767-1774) Detroit
    (III)-Marie Catherine Angelique  Chapoton b-1769 Detroit married (I)-George Maldrum
        (II)-Marie Angelique Maldrum (1795-1795)
    (III)-Marie Isabelle Chapoton b-1771 Detroit
    (III)-Marie Joseph Chapoton b-1773 Detroit
    (III)-Nicolas Chapoton b-1776 Detroit

September 13:  Fort Detroit, birth, (IV)-Suzanne Reaume, daughter (III)-Pierre Reaume (1709-1766) and (III)-Suzanne Hubert b-1709; married November 23, 1760 Fort Detroit Jacques Baby.

September 14:  Fort Detroit, birth (III)-Laurent Parant son (II)-Laurent Parant b-1703 and (IV)-Jeanne Cardinal b-1717.

September 20:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Jean Baptiste Gouyou et Gouyau, Goyau dit Lagarde born October 13, 1688 Montreal, Quebec son (I)-Guillaume Gouyou et Goutou dit Langarde (1661-1708) and (II)-Helen Benoit born 1667; married 1st January 29, 1720 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (II)-Marie Deguire Larose born 1700, died March 1, 1733, Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Jacques Deguire Larose; 2nd marriage September 2, 1740 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), (II)-Marie Anne Darragon daughter (I)-Francois Darragon.

October 2:  Michilimackinac, baptism, Marie Francois Hamelin, Metis, November 4, 1739, daughter Sieru Hamelin.

October 8:  Father (I)-Mathurin Le Petit, (1693-1739), Jesuit Superior of Louisiana said;  the French (likely Metis) are more difficult to manage than the Savages. 

September 20/October 19:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (IV)-Alex Trotier Metis son (III)-Alexis Trotier (1688-1769) and (III)-Catherine Godfroy (Demaubeuf) (1716-1777)..

October 25-31:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Marie Joseph Catignon born 25th, died 31, 1740 Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Francois Catignon dit Duchesne born 1700 and (III)-Marie Joseph David.

November 3:  Michillimackinac, birth (V)-Louis Amiot Metis baptised June 2, 1741 Mackinac died August 31, 1760 Detroit son (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambroise Amiot (Amyot) b- 1694 and Marie Anne Kitoulague sauvagesse d-1758 Mackinac

December 19/20:   Fort Detroit,  New France (Michigan), birth/death, (IV)-Pierre Person son  (III)-Pierre Perron b-1711 and (II)-Marie Francoise Dufournel,  b-1724.

 

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