This was an offering of flour, baked cakes, or raw grain, together with oil and frankincense. It was a good-will offering to God. Part of it - 'a memorial portion' - was burnt on the altar. So it was a way of asking God to 'remember' the worshiper for good. The priests ate the remainder. Again, it was a sacrifice of the best the worshiper could give.

The grain offerings may have been offered separately from the burnt offerings, or along with them. Besides flour or raw grain, a worshipper could offer dough from flour baked in an oven; cooked on a griddle; fried in a pan; or roasted to make bread. All grain offerings were prepared with oil and salt, but no honey or leaven could be used. More...