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The Feast of Weeks - Pentecost (Shavuot)

The Feast of Weeks (Exodus 34:22; Leviticus 23:15-21) is the second of the three major Jewish festivals (the other two are Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles). This festival was observed 7 weeks from the second day of Passover, on which was the offering of barley sheaf, hence the name of the festival. It is also known as Pentecost (Pentecost is Greek for 50 days), because it falls on the 50th day (7 weeks is 49 days so the day after is the 50th).

The Feast of Weeks was observed after the Israel people stettled in the Promised Land. On this day, no work was permitted. The people would gather at the Tabernacle to thank God for the harvest. It marked the time when the first fruits of the wheat harvest were gathered and offered to the Lord, and was also known as the Feast of the Ingathering. It also commemorated the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai.

Offerings

This was one of the seven high days, which were to be treated like Sabbaths. Therefore two additional lambs were to be offered as burnt offering after the morning service. In addition, the offerings on this day consisted of:

  • Wave offering: Two loaves of unleavened bread made from fine flour from the wheat
  • Burnt offering: 7 one-year-old male lambs, a bull, and 2 rams, with their grain offering and their drink offerings
  • Sin offering: a male goat
  • Peace offering: 2 one-year-old male lambs

Related Topics

The Jewish Calendar - Presents an overview of the Jewish Calendar and Festivals. Also provides links to online tools.

The Five Offerings - Presents an overview of the sacrificial system.

References

Jewish 101. "Shavu'ot." http://www.jewfaq.org/holidayc.htm

The Wild Olive. "Sha Vu Ot - Pentecost." http://fp.thebeers.f9.co.uk/shavuot.htm

 

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