The basic idea of Zen is to come in touch with the inner workings of our being, and to do so in the most direct way possible, without resorting to anything external or superadded. Therefore, anything that has the semblance of an external authority is rejected by Zen. Absolute faith is placed in a man's own inner being. For whatever authority there is in Zen, all comes from within. This is true in the strictest sense of the word. Even the reasoning faculty is not considered final or absolute. On the contrary, it hinders the mind from coming into the directest communication with itself. The intellect accomplishes its mission when it works as an intermediary, and Zen has nothing to do with the intermediary except when it desires to communicate itself to others. For this reason all the scriptures are merely tentative and provisory; there is in them no finality. The central fact of life as it is lived is what Zen aims to grasp, and this in the most direct and most vital manner. Zen professes itself to be the spirit of Buddhism, but in fact it is the spirit of all religions and philosophies. When Zen is thoroughly understood, absolute peace of mind is attained, and a man lives as he ought to live. What more may we hope?
Some say that as Zen is admittedly
a form of mysticism it cannot claim to be unique in the history of
religion. Perhaps so; but Zen is a mysticism of its own order. It is
mystical in the sense that the sun shines, that the flower blooms,
that I hear at this moment somebody beating the drum in the street.
If these are mystical facts, Zen is brim-full of them. When a Zen
master was once asked what Zen was, he replied, "Your everyday
thought". Is this not plain and straightforward? It has nothing
to do with any sectarian spirit. Christians as well as Buddhists can
practise Zen just as big fish and small fish are both contentedly
living in the same ocean. Zen is the ocean, Zen is the air, Zen is
the mountain, Zen is thunder and lightning, the spring flower,
summer heat, and winter snow; nay, more than that, Zen is the man.
With all the formalities, conventionalisms, and superadditions that
Zen has accumulated in its long history, its central fact is very
much alive. The special merit of Zen lies in this: that we are still
able to see into this ultimate fact without being biased by