A.B. SIMPSON: A CANADIAN HERO
Many Canadian young people seem to know more about American history and legends, than about some of their own Canadian heroes. A.B. Simpson is an unsung Canadian hero who has had a remarkable lasting impact on millions of families not only in Canada, but throughout the world. Simpson was a man of vision. He once said that people "must always dream dreams before they blaze new trails and see visions before they are strong to do exploits."
Albert Benjamin Simpson was born on Prince Edward Island on December 15th, 1843 of Scottish Covenanter heritage. The Simpson family had emigrated from MorayShire, Scotland to Bayview, P.E.I. After the collapse of his fatherís shipbuilding & export business in the 1840ís depression, his family moved to a farm in western Ontario. Rev. John Geddie, on his way to the South Sea Islands as Canadaís first missionary, baptized baby Albert and in prayer committed him to future missionary service.
Fresh out of seminary in 1865, Simpson had accepted the call to pastor Knox Church in Hamilton, a congregation with the second largest Presbyterian church building in Canada. Over the next eight years, 750 new people joined the congregation. Dr. William McMullen, another Presbyterian minister, said that Simpson "stood out at that time as one of the most brilliant young ministers of our church in Canada..."
Out of the blue, Simpson was called to lead a Presbyterian Church in Louisville, Kentucky. The recently ended Civil war left bitterness and division between the various churches. As a neutral Canadian pastor, Simpson was used to bring racial reconciliation and forgiveness among the churches. At Simpsonís encouragement, the pastors went to their knees and poured out their hearts for such a baptism of love as would sweep away their differences. From reconciliation among the clergy came two months of continuous nightly gatherings across the denominations. As the pastors joined their hands together in unity, over 10,000 local residents joined them in prayer meetings lasting for a year.
Simpsonís success led him to being invited to lead 13th Street Presbyterian Church, a prestigious New York congregation. Simpson loved to reach out to those who wouldnít normally feel comfortable in a traditional church setting. When 100 Italian immigrants responded to Simpsonís message, he asked his church Board to admit them as new members. His Board "kindly but firmly refused", for fear of being overwhelmed by immigrants and poor people. Out of that rejection came Simpsonís vision of a fellowship of Christians where everyone was welcome, regardless of race, income, denomination, or social class.
Simpson decided to abandon his security and reputation, in order to start a community where all were welcome in Christ. He began afresh with just seven other people, in a poorly heated dance hall. But Simpson had recently discovered an inner strength and resilience that kept him from slipping into discouragement. In the past he had been such a workaholic that he had destroyed his health. Simpsonís medical doctor had given him 3 months to live. But upon meeting an Episcopalian (Anglican) physician, Dr. Charles Cullis, at Old Orchard Camp in Maine, he experienced a remarkable healing of his heart. The next day, Simpson was able to climb a 3,000 foot mountain, and successfully pray for his daughter Margaretís healing from diphtheria- the very disease which had earlier killed his son Melville.
Word spread fast in 1881 of these healings. He was besieged by many with pleas for help. By others, he was vilified and ridiculed as another quack miracle worker. Despite such criticism, Simpson received strong support from medical doctors like Dr. Jenny Trout, the first female doctor & surgeon in Canada, Dr. Robert Glover from Toronto, and Dr. Lilian Yeomans, a Canadian-born surgeon in Michigan. He also received much encouragement from well-known Canadian Anglican priests like Dr. Henry Wilson, & Dr. W.S. Rainford. Simpson started Friday-afternoon healing & holiness meetings, which quickly became New Yorkís largest attended spiritual weekday meeting, with 500-1,000 in attendance.
Simpson had a real love for the whole Christian community, regardless of denomination or nationality. He said: "I want to enjoy the broadest fellowship possible myself, and I want my people to receive the benefit of the ministry of all Godís gifted servants, regardless of whether they agree with me in everything or not." Many of Simpsonís strongest supporters were Canadians, like William Fenton, Albert Thompson, & E.D. Whiteside, who had been remarkably healed from diseases such as cancer, tuberculosis, and epilepsy.
Canadian-born Dr. Henry Wilson was first healed through Simpsonís prayers, and then received permission from his bishop to become A.B. Simpsonís associate pastor!
He was even allowed by his bishop to erect an altar at the Gospel Tabernacle, and conduct an Anglican service of Holy Communion each Sunday morning. In a show of interdenominational unity, Dr. Simpson the (C&MA) Alliance pastor would preach and Dr. Wilson the Anglican priest would serve communion. Another Anglican priest, Dr. Kenneth Mackenzie, actively participated in Alliance Conventions, taught at the Alliance Missionary Training Institute, and contributed articles to the Alliance magazine. Simpson publicly stated that he would prefer to have Dr. Mackenzieís presence and teaching as an Anglican clergyman than as an Alliance worker. A.B. Simpson had a passion for interdenominational Christian Unity and Missions that is only now beginning to be appreciated by other churches.
The weekly prayer meetings for North Shore Clergy, the interdenominational Prayer Care groups, and the "Forward Together" Celebrations of Unity all remind me of A.B. Simpsonís remarkable insights nearly 120 years ago. I thank God for Canadian heroes like Albert Benjamin Simpson, who have helped tear down the walls of misunderstanding, bitterness, and mistrust between the churches.
Rev. Ed Hird
Rector, St. Simonís Anglican Church
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