Daniel Was An Amazing Forecaster


Simplified Summary: "And it came to pass in the month Nisan..." (Neh. 2.1) starts off Nisan 1 in 444 B.C., the declaration of the building of the temple noted in Neh 2.8, "And a letter unto Asaph the keeper of the king's forest, that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the palace which [appertained] to the house, and for the wall of the city, and for the house that I shall enter into. And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my God upon me."  From this day to Nisan 10, 33 AD, March 30th (Julian), the day Jesus entered Jerusalem, is exactly 483 Biblical years = 30x12x483 =173,880 days. March 30th (Julian) is the first of four days of inspection of the lamb before Passover. 483 years is used because that is number in Daniel's prophecy in 9.25, "seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks" (69x7). "After threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off". This prophecy has been fulfilled because 444 BC Nisan 1 to Nisan 14, April 1 (Friday, Gregorian), 33 AD is more than 173,880 days. April 1 (Gregorian) is April Fool's Day. See how Satan mocks Christ.


The Neo-Babylon Empire began in 605 BC and ended in 539 BC (not quite 70 years). The only qualification for the time of declaration to restore Jerusalem is it must occur sometime after Babylon ends (after 539 BC). 444 BC is well within the allowable time frame after the 70 year judgment  spoken of Jeremiah 29.10 and Dan. 9.2 is finished. Jews were in exile from 586 BC to 516 BC (70 years). In 515 the 2nd Temple was completed and dedicated. 605/606 BC to 536 BC is 70 years also. 536 is when some Jews began to return from exile and the foundation of the Temple was laid.



The Times of Your Life - A solar year is actually 365.2475 days in the modern Gregorian calendar, but 365.25 days in the Julian calendar (because there is a leap year every 4 years) that would have been used during the 1st Century AD. The length of a Gregorian year is 365.2425 days (because there is a leap year every 4 years, but not in years ending in "00" unless the year is divisible by 400, when it is still a leap year). The Gregorian year is accurate to 1 day in 3000 years. For complete accuracy, we would need a calendar that averaged 365.24219879 days, because it takes the Earth 365.24219879 days to orbit the Sun (the so-clled "tropical year", i.e. the interval between two transits of the Sun through the equinoxes). Finally, just to confuse us all, there is also the "sidereal year" - 365.25636042 days - this is the interval for the Sun to return to the same point on the ecliptic (i.e. with the stars in the same positions above our heads). Added from Gary Turner: The gap of 25 days is less than a month, which, considering the modern Hebrew and Gregorian calendars can differ by this amount from year to year because of the different ways in which they work, and that Neh. 2:1 is actually quite vague about which day of the month of Nisan is being referred to, the fact that the prophecy is accurate to the month, not just the year, is quite amazing!


Gary Turner: The difference between the two Nissan 14 dates is that Nissan 14 was April 3st if you convert it to the Julian Calendar (which the Romans were using at the time) but April 1rd if you convert it to the Gregorian Calendar (which we use now, because it is more accurate).

Looking at the "decimal points" after the 365, let's take it from first principles:

The Julian calendar had a leap year every 4 years, which added exactly a quarter of a day, on average, to the length of the average year - so the Julian year was 365.25 days long.

The Gregorian Calendar has a leap year every 4 years if the year is not divisible by 100, but if it is divisible by 100, that year is NOT a leap year UNLESS it is also divisible by 400. This makes the length of the average Gregorian year 365 + (1/4) - (1/100) + (1/400) = 365.2425 days per year. Since this is the more accurate calculation, this is the one you should use over large stretches of time (such as 173, 880 days). However, remember the 2-day difference between the Gregorian and Julian calendars at this time - which gradually became larger over the centuries, hence the need to introduce the new calendar in the 16th Century).

This means that neither figure of 365.24 nor 365.2475 should be used, but 365.2425 instead. However, all of this is rather academic, since we are only using 173, 880 days as a calculation tool - I don't think Daniel's prophecy is claiming to be accurate to the exact day - after all, it's only saying that Jesus would be cut off after 483 "prophetic" years - so we can only expect accuracy to the correct year, not to the exact day.

As for finding a calendar to plug all this into, the Web site I originally used is now defunct, and others that I have come across only convert "modern" dates, so if you can find one out there that goes back to AD 1 or earlier, please let me know!




Date difference between Julian and Gregorian calendars

1st Century BC


Variable (due to having leap years every three years at first and then discontinuing them completely!)

45 BC

Julian calendar first introduced


1st Century AD



2nd Century AD



3rd Century AD



4th Century AD



AD 400

Leap year


5th Century AD



6th Century AD



7th Century AD



8th Century AD



AD 800

Leap year


9th Century AD



10th Century AD



11th Century AD



12th Century AD



AD 1200

Leap year


13th Century AD



14th Century AD



15th Century AD



16th Century AD



AD 1582

Gregorian calendar introduced by Pope


AD 1600

Leap year


17th Century AD



18th Century AD



AD 1752

Gregorian calendar introduced in Britain


19th Century AD



20th Century AD



2000 AD

Leap year


21st Century AD






For additional details, I have organized this reasoning from the general to the specific, and it is an awesome proof (thanks to Glen Amyklein):


My footnotes to NLT:
Ezra 6:15 Aramaic on the third day of the month Adar, of the Hebrew calendar. This event occurred on March 12, 515 B.C.; also see note on 3:1. The temple was completed in 515 B.C.
6:19 Hebrew On the fourteenth day of the first month, of the Hebrew calendar. This event occurred on April 21, 515 B.C.; also see note on 3:1.zra 7.1 There is a gap of almost 60 years between the events of chapters 6 and 7. The story in the book of Esther occured during this time, in the reign of Xerxes, who ruled from 486-465 B.C. Artaxerxes, his son, became king in 465, and Ezra returned to Jerusalem in 458.
7.6 Eighty years after the first exhiles returned to Jerusalem (2.1), Ezra himself returned. This was his first trip, and it took four months. The Temple had been standing for about 58 years. Up to this point in the narrative, Ezra had remained in Babylon, probably compiling a record of events that taken place.
Why did he have to ask the king if he could return? Ezra wanted to lead many Jews back to Jerusalem, and he needed a decree from the king stating that any Jew who wanted to return could do so. This decree would be like a passport in case they ran into opposition along the way.
1.1 The book of Ezra opens in 538 BC, 48 years after Nebuchadneezer destroyed Jerusalem, defeated the southern kingdom of Judah, and carried the Jews away to Babylon as captives (2 Kings 25; 2 Chron 36). Nebuchadneezar died in 562, and because his successors were not strong, Babylon was overthrown by Persia in 539, just prior to the events recordered in Ezra. Both Babylon and Persia had relaxed policies towards captives, allowing them to return to their homes and take ordinary jobs.
1.1 Jeremaiah prophesied that the Jews would remain in captivity for 70 years (Jeremaiah 25.11, 29.10). The 70 year period has been calculated two different ways: (1) form the first captivity in 605 BC (2 Kings 24.1) until the altar was rebuilt by the by; the returning exiles in 537 (Ezra 3.1-6), or (2) from the detruction of the Temple in 586 until the exiles finished the rebuilding in 515. Many scholars prefer the second approach because the Temple was the focus and heartbeat of the nation. Without the Temple, the Jews did not consider themselves established as a nation.
1:1 The first year of Cyrus's reign was 538 B.C.
Neh. 2:1 Hebrew In the month of Nisan. This month of the Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in April and May 445 B.C.
Ezra 1:1 The first year of Cyrus's reign was 538 B.C.
7:1 Artaxerxes reigned 465–424 B.C.
7:1 Or descendant; see 1 Chr 6:14.
7:3 Or descendant; see 1 Chr 6:6-10.
7:8 Hebrew in the fifth month. This month of the Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in August and September 458 B.C.
7:9 Hebrew on the first day of the first month, of the Hebrew calendar. This event occurred on April 8, 458 B.C.; also see note on 3:1.
3.1 Hebrew - in the seventh month. The year is not specific, so it may have been during Cyrus's first year (538 BC) or second year (537 BC). The seventh month of the Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in Sept/Oct 538 BC and Oct/Nov 537 BC.
7:9 Hebrew on the first day of the fifth month, of the Hebrew calendar. This event occurred on August 4, 458 B.C.; also see note on 3:1.
7:12 The original text of 7:12-26 is in Aramaic.


These specific verses in Ezra 1, 6, 7 and Nehemiah 2 have associated with them specific dates in the Scriptures to events at 538 B.C, 515 B.C., 458 B.C. and 445 B.C.. We know that the key word found is in Daniel 9.26 is that the Messiah will be cut off "after" 62 weeks (see below), so that any date older than or on Nisan 1, 444 B.C. are what we are trying to locate according to the Word of God as the starting point for the 483 years (that is, 7 weeks plus 62 weeks, though the last 7 year last week of the 70 weeks were not subsequently fulfilled because to consummate the last week -the last seven - there has to be an end of sin, as would be seen at Christ's return when He returns on the mount of olives. Zec 14:4 "On that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives." Daniel 9.24 "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins." The only date that is appropriate, therefore, is 445 B.C. (more exacting precise details below) in Neh. 2.1-8 for the date "going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the anointed one" (Dan. 9.25) because 173,880 (69x7x360) days prior to Christ being cut off at 33 A.D. on the cross takes us to a time that follows when the declaration is made prior, which is necessary for this to be a true fulfilling prophecy since a solar years is approximately 365.24 days; and 365.24x(445+33) = 174,585 days. As you can see, the declaration did indeed proceed and was longer than the time constraint minimally required set forth in Daniel 9.25 of 69 weeks. The declaration was made in Neh. 2.1-8, not found elsewhere, not in the event of 458 B.C. that proceeded by 13 years which was not to rebuild the temple. Neh. 2.8 says "And a letter unto Asaph the keeper of the king's forest, that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the palace which [appertained] to the house, and for the wall of the city, and for the house that I shall enter into. And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my God upon me."  Neither does the declaration in 538 B.C. suffice as "the declaration" at that time because the temple was completed afterwards at 515 B.C., 33 years after, not 49 years (seven 7's). So that leaves only one choice, 445 B.C.

Watchman Nee said in his studies on page 82-89, CFP, in book format of Aids to Revelation (72-73 computer format, CFP),


"Here we will not investigate as to when the seventy-sevens actually commenced. One fact is enough for us, however, which is, that we know the Anointed One did come after the sixty-nine sevens (seven sevens plus sixty-two sevens). From the time of the decree concerning the rebuilding of Jerusalem to the moment of the coming of the Anointed One, there were to be four hundred eighty-three years. Now that the sixty-nine sevens have already passed and the Anointed One (Christ) has also come, what is left is the last seven. As soon as the last seven is fulfilled the children of Israel will receive the fullness of blessing of Daniel 9.24. However, within the seven years of the death of Christ, was there any day which could have been deemed as a time when transgression was finished for the children of Israel and upon Jerusalem? No, not even a single day. And have there not been over nineteen hundred more years since the time of Christ and still no end of transgression? Hence, it is quite evident that the seventieth seven did not follow immediately after the sixty-nine sevens.


Why is it that this one seven has not been fulfilled and that the children of Israel have not yet received the full blessing? Because “after the threescore and two weeks [the sixty-two sevens mentioned above] shall the anointed one be cut off, and shall have nothing.” Christ has died, and consequently the children of Israel did not receive the blessing. It was because they would not receive Him with willing hearts but crucified Him instead, and therefore punishment came upon them. “The people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary” (v.26). When the Jews insisted on killing the Lord Jesus, they openly declared: “His blood be on us, and on our children” (Matt. 27.25). Naturally God is treating them according to their own word by temporarily rejecting them and showing grace towards the Gentiles. But after the number of the Gentiles has been fulfilled, He will give grace once again to the children of Israel. And at that time, this last seven shall be fulfilled. As soon as the last seven is over, God will deliver the children of Israel according to promise (Dan. 9.24).

For a deeper understanding of this read section 12. Please read section 12. It is really helpful to have the proper foundation. I can see there is a very clear reason why Watchman Nee did not claim any particular start dates, either 445 B.C. or 444 B.C. as you will discover below.


A 360 day "prophetic/Biblical" year is used by the Scriptures in Daniel and Revelation (3.5 years, 42 months, 1260 days). This evidence is DIRECTLY related to Daniel's 70 weeks. A source states,

Because of national sin, Judah was brought under servitude to Babylon for seventy years, this was in the third year of King Jehoiakim (606 BC). But the people continued obdurate; and in 589 BC the far severer judgment of the captivity fell on them.

The above speaking of the judgment of the desolations... Accordingly, the Babylonian armies invaded Judea and the city was devastated and burned.

The "captivity" ended with the decree of Cyrus in 536 BC, permitting the return of the exiles. But as the language of Daniel 9:2 so plainly states, it was the seventy years of "the desolations" that were the basis of the prophecy of the seventy weeks. And the epoch of that seventy years was the day on which Jerusalem was invested - the tenth Tebeth in the ninth year of Zedekiah - a day that has ever since been observed as a fast by the Jews in every land (2 Kings 25:1).

Now seventy years of 360 days contains 25,200 days; and as the Jewish New Year's day depended on the equinoctial moon, we can assign the 13th December as "the Julian date" of tenth Tebeth 589. And 25,200 days measured from that date ended on the 17th December 520, which was the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month in the second year of Darius of Persia - the very day on which the foundation of the second Temple was laid (Haggai 2:18,19). Hag 2:18 Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth [month, even] from the day that the foundation of the LORD'S temple was laid, consider [it]. Hag 2:19 Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless [you].

Dan 9:25 Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth.... from 445 B.C. is the date being referred to here which is really 444 B.C. I am told because apparently between 1 B.C. and 0 A.D. there is no year at all. It makes no sense but that is what Julian calendar experts say, I am told. Go figure. The reason why 445 is the declaration of rebuilding the temple in Neh. 2.1-8 is because my NLT says so. But according to this source, it is wrong,


The date of this decree is given in the biblical record. Nehemiah 1:1 states that Nehemiah heard of Jerusalem’s desolate conditions in the month of Chislev (November/ December) in Artaxerxes' twentieth year. Then later in Artaxerxes' twentieth year in the month of Nisan (March/April) Nehemiah reports that he was granted permission to restore the city and build its walls (2:1). To have Nisan later than Chislev (in the same year) may seem strange until one realizes that Nehemiah was using a Tishri-to-Tishri (September/October) dating method rather than the Persian Nisan-to-Nisan method. Nehemiah was following what was used by the kings of Judah earlier in their history. This method used by Nehemiah is confirmed by the Jews in Elephantine who also used this method during the same time period as Nehemiah.

Next, one needs to establish the beginning of Artaxerxes' rule. His father Xerxes died shortly after December 17, 465 B.C. and Artaxerxes immediately succeeded him. Since the accession-year system was used the first year of Artaxerxes' reign according to the Persian Nisan-to-Nisan reckoning would be Nisan 464 to Nisan 463 and according to the Jewish Tishri-to-Tishri reckoning would be Tishri 464 to Tishri 463. . . .

In conclusion, the report to Nehemiah (1:1) occurred in Chislev (November/December) of 445 B.C. and the decree of Artaxerxes (2:1) occurred in Nisan (March/April of 444 B.C.  Therefore, Nisan 444 B.C. marks the terminus ad quo of the seventy weeks of Daniel 9:24-27.


476 solar years is the difference between 444 B.C. and A.D. 33. By multiplying 476 by 365.24219879 days, comes to 173,855 days. This leaves only 25 days to be accounted for between 444 B.C. and A.D. 33. By adding the 25 days to Nisan 1 or March 5 (of 444 B.C.), one comes to March 30 (of A.D. 33) which was Nisan 10 in A.D. 33. This is the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem. . . .


Apparently we know that Jesus died in 33 A.D. because Luke 3:1 tells us that the beginning of John (the Baptist's) ministry began in the 15th year of Tiberius reign. I am not sure how this is derived but, but will leave that for some other time. Jesus's triumphal entry was on the 10th into Jerusalem. It is commonly accepted, though I don't know how to prove it. 4 days later is passover which is Friday of that year when He was crucified. Christ was crucified 4 days after Nisan 10, 33 AD - Nisan 14, 33 AD = passover, Friday (known to us as April 3, 33 AD). His triumphal entry was fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9. The first and only time He presented Himself as King. Zec 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. The multitude of the disciples shouted loudly by quoting from a messianic psalm: "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord" (Ps. 118:26; Matt.21:9; Mark 11:10; Luke 19:38; John 12:13).

69 x 7 x 360 (Jewish custom for year) = 173,880 days, which is supported by Daniel time, times, and half a time = 1260 days. 444 BC to 33 AD = 476 solar years... because there is is no year in actuality between 1 B.C. and 0 A.D. 476 x 365.24219879 = 173,855... since 365.24.. is an average solar year. 360 day years x 69 weeks in Daniel = 173,880 days. To reconcile 173,855 to 173,880, the additional 25 day after Nisan 1 can be accounted for by 173,855 + 25 = 173,880 or 483 years, 69 "weeks". Neh 2:1 "And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, when wine was before him, that I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence." In other words ... March 5 (of 444 B.C.), one comes to March 30 (of A.D. 33) which was Nisan 10 in A.D. 33. This is the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem coinciding with March 30th.


When did Jesus die? Tiberius Caesar was born in 42 BC, died at the age of 79 in 37 AD, reigned 23 years, which began in 14 AD. How could Christ have been slain in 29 A.D. at the beginning of John's ministry as some would claim? He couldn't have been. Luk 3:1 "Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,..." My NLT says "Tiberius, the Roman Emperor, ruled from A.D. 14 to 37. Pilate was the Roman governor responsible for the province in Judea; Herod Antipas and Philip were half brothers and sons of the cruel Herod the Great, who had been dead more than 20 years. Antipas, Philip, Pilate, and Lysanias apparently had equal powers governing their separate territories. All were subject to Rome and responsible for keeping peace in their respective lands. From Antiquities of the Jews, Book 18, Chapter 4 .........About this time it was that Philip, Herod's ' brother, departed this life, in the twentieth year of the reign of Tiberius, after he had been tetrarch of Trachonitis and Gaulanitis, and of the nation of the Bataneans also, thirty-seven years. ... This calculation, from all Josephus's Greek copies, is exactly right; for since Herod died about September, in the fourth year before the Christian era, and Tiberius began, as is well known, Aug. 19, A.D. 14, it is evident that the thirty-seventh year of Philip, reckoned from his father's death, was the twentieth of Tiberius, or near the end of A.D. 33, or, however, in the beginning of the next year, A.D. 34. This Philip the tetrarch seems to have been the best of all the posterity of Herod, for his love of peace, and his love of justice.


In Conclusion: The declaration was 444 B.C. (which is really 443 B.C. mathematically speaking), Nisan 1, March 5, and Christ entered Jerusalem exactly 173,880 Biblical days later on March 30th, Nisan 10 which is 25 days later after the now reconciled 173,855 solar days from the date of declaration on Nisan 1, 444 B.C., precisely and mathematically. On the 173,884th day Jesus was cut off on the cross on April 3rd, 33 A.D. on a Friday. This must be the meaning of Good Friday for it is good news of the gospel of Jesus Christ.


Kind of makes you chuckle when you think about where April 3rd (Julian), April fools day (Gregorian), comes from. It's like they are making a joke of Christians the day after.


For reference to a competing date is another source says,


. . . According to the Jewish custom, our Lord went up to Jerusalem on the 8th Nisan, which, as we know, fell that year upon a Friday. And having spent the Sabbath at Bethany, He entered the Holy City the following day, as recorded in the Gospels. The Julian date of that 10th Nisan was Sunday the 6th of April, A.D. 32. What then was the length of the period intervening between the issuing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem and this public advent of "Messiah the Prince"—between the 14th of March, B.C. 445 and the 6th of April A.D. 32 (when He entered into Jerusalem)? THE INTERVAL WAS EXACTLY AND TO THE VERY DAY 173,880 DAYS, OR SEVEN TIMES SIXTY-NINE PROPHETIC YEARS OF 360 DAYS).

From B.C. 445 to A.D. 32 is 476 years = 173,740 days (476 x 365) + 116 days for leap years. And from 14th March to 6th April, reckoned inclusively according to Jewish practice is 24 days. But 173,740 + 116 + 24 = 173,880. And 69 x 7 x 360 = 173,880.

It must be borne in mind here that in reckoning years from B.C. to A.D. one year must always be omitted; for, of course, the interval between B.C. I and A.D. 1 is not two years but one year. In fact, B.C. 1 ought to be called B.C. 0; and it is so described by astronomers, with whom B.C. 445 is—444. And again, as the Julian year is 11 m. 10.46 s., or about the 129th part of a day, longer than the mean solar year, the Julian calendar has three leap years too many in every four centuries. This error is corrected by the Gregorian reform, which reckons three secular years out of four as common years. For instance, 1700, 1800, and 1900 were common years, and 2000 will be a leap year.


To disprove this last reference to 445 B.C., another source says,


First, in the light of new evidence since Anderson's day, the 445 B.C. date is not acceptable for Artaxerxes' twentieth year; instead the decree was given in Nisan, 444 B.C. Second, the A.D. 32 date for the crucifixion is untenable. It would mean that Christ was crucified on either a Sunday or Monday.


My question is how does Artaxerxes' twentieth year disprove this? And why does the 445 B.C. reference use March. 15 and not the March 5th Nisan 1 date? Are you confused like me? And what is this significance of Sunday and Monday? I believe the problem with all these numbers is you have to be a calendar expert to go to their source. That is why I find great comfort in simply what Watchman Nee said, "after" the 69 weeks is when the Messiah will be cut off is exactly what Dan. 9.26 says. And that much is proven. Beyond that I can not be certain of the rest of it since there is no agreement between these two camps, and it is beyond my calendar skills to confirm these things as we just have to trust them their calendar skills are right. And what is this 24 day Jewish practice and any relation it has to these days proceeding Christ's crucifixion? Why are the Jews employing a 24 day period in relation to Christ's death when they don't believe He is God? We are assuming that Nisan 1, March 5th A.D. falls exactly on the 173,550th solar day from the 444 B.C. Nisan 1 date to be the valid one. However, if God were to test me and ask me, I would have to say that the 444 B.C. is the correct one. The Nisan 1 date seems more plausible since no one believes Jesus died in 32 A.D. except the Jewish nation that rejects Jesus Christ, and as you can see I seem to be asking too many questions with regard to the 445 B.C. date. Seems like a closed and shut case to me. I need not pursue it further. All of this assuming that Nisan 1, March 5th A.D. falls exactly on the 173,550th solar day which is unverified and exactly 25 days from the date of Christ's entering Jerusalem, assuming Jesus' death was exactly on April 3, and that His entering Jerusalem was exactly 4 days before that. Moreover, I am not sure it is that important because either way the prophecy is fulfilled.


What is most frustrating about all of this is that I don't know how to confirm the dates. I don't know how to confirm the year of 444 B.C. and its authenticity as the starting point. I don't know how to confirm the date of Christ's death. No one has really proven these things here in the various comments above. I don't know how to calculate the number of 360 day years from Nisan 1, 444 B.C. to March 30th, Nisan 10, 33 A.D. either by the Hebrew calendar or the Julian calendar. Not to say these things aren't true, it's just that I personally do not know how to confirm the calculations. And since I don't find it a pressing matter, I won't pursue it.


Troy Brooks