Violet Acres Rabbitry
(An organic nugget)
This incredible little stuff comes nicely packaged in a convenient, round, dry, nugget form. As a fertilizer, fresh rabbit manure is approximately 2.4% nitrogen, 1.4% Phosphoric Acid and 1% potassium. You can use it fresh, directly from under the hutch, It won't burn your plants. You can use the small marbles to top-dress your lawn, or mulch roses, vegetables or flower beds. It will also supercharge your compost pile and create an earthworm population explosion.
Rabbit manure is about four times more nutrient-rich than horse or cow manure and twice as rich as poultry manure. Rabbit manure is a more perfectly formed soil conditioner than any that we have ever known.
This is just one of the perks that we get from raising rabbits.
These little organic nuggets are great for our garden and our vegetables and flowers just love it.
The love that we put into our rabbits we get back from our garden.
RABBIT GLOSSARY & TERMS
Some terms commonly used throughout the rabbit world.
Abcess - A hard swelling or isolated collection of pus or purulent matter occurring in the rabbit's skin. Accompanied by localized fever and heat.
Adult - See senior.
Agouti color pattern - A hair shaft that has three or more bands of color with a definite break between each color. Usually dark slate at the base, with two or more alternating light and dark bands or rings interspersed with black guard hairs. The head, ears, and feet usually have ticking; the belly color is much lighter and does not carry ticking. Examples: steel or gray Flemish, Chinchilla, and Belgian Hares.
ARBA - American Rabbit Breeders Association.
BIS - Best in Show. A rabbit show award.
BOB - Best of Breed. A rabbit show award.
BOS - Best of Opposite Sex. A rabbit show award.
BOSV - Best of Opposite Sex of Variety. A rabbit show award.
BOV - Best of Variety. A rabbit show award.
Back - The entire top portion of the rabbit, extending from neck to tail.
Bell Ears - Ears that have large tips with a distinct fall or lop.
Belly - The lower part of the body containing the intestines. The abdomen. For purposes of defining color area, it is the under body of the rabbit from the forelegs to the crotch area.
Belt - The line where the colored portion of the body meets the white portion just behind the shoulders. Example: Dutch breed.
Blaze - A white area on the head and nose running up between the eyes on rabbits with multicolored fur.
Boils - See Abscess.
Bowed Legs - Legs bent like a bow or curved outwardly in the middle, applied to both fore and hind legs.
Breed - A race or special class of domestic rabbits that reproduce distinctive characteristics of fur markings, fur texture, shape, size, and growth. A breed may be subdivided into varieties. Example: Black, Blue, and Tortoise varieties of the Dutch breed.
Breeder - A person who raises a special breed/variety or varieties of rabbits in conformity with the accepted standards of perfection.
Breeding Certificate - A written certificate by the owner of a stud buck, showing its pedigree and the date of breeding to a particular doe. Given to prove the ancestry of the young.
Broken Coat - Guard hairs broken or missing in spots, exposing the undercoat. Areas where the coat is affected by molt, exposing the undercoat.
Broken Ear - A distinct break in the cartilage which prevents erect ear carriage.
Broken Tail - A tail that is or has been broken and is out of line. This is a disqualification.
Buck - A normal male rabbit.
Buck Teeth - See Wolf Teeth.
Buff - A rich golden orange color with a creamy cast.
Bull Dog - A short, broad, bold head of pronounced masculine appearance.
Butterfly - A dark-colored area on the rabbit's nose. Examples: Checkered Giant and English Spot breeds.
Carcass Weight - The weight of the rabbit after it has been processed.
Carriage - The way a rabbit carries itself; the style or characteristic pose of a rabbit.
Charlie - A term meaning insufficient markings for the breed.
Cheek - The sides of the face beneath the eyes.
Chest - The front portion of the body between the forelegs and neck.
Choppy (or Chopped Off) - A condition in which a rabbit is not well filled out and rounded in the loin and rump area.
Cobby - A term meaning stout and stocky: short legged.
Condition - The physical state of a rabbit in reference to health, cleanliness, texture and molt of fur, and grooming.
Cow Hocks - Hocks that turn or bend inward, causing the foot portion to turn outward.
Creamy - A term meaning light colored. The color of cream.
Culling - The process of selecting only the best rabbits from a litter for future breeding and show stock by selling or slaughtering the least desirable specimens from a litter.
Density - The property or quality of a thick coat.
Dewlap - A pendulous fold or folds of loose skin hanging from the throat.
Disqualification - One or more permanent defects, deformities, or blemishes that make a rabbit unfit to win an award in competition or to take part in an exhibition. (Disqualified rabbits are not eligible for registration by the ARBA)
Doe - A normal female rabbit.
Dressing - See Processing.
Ear Lacing - A black or dark-colored line of fur outlining the sides and tips of the ear.
Elimination - One or more defects presumed to be temporary and curable. Cause for elimination in a show or from registration until cured or corrected.
Embryo - A kit in the early stages of development inside the doe.
Eye Circle - Even marking of color around both eyes. Example: Checkered Giant.
Eye Color - The color of the iris. The circle of color surrounding the pupil.
Faults - Imperfections. Conditions or characteristics that are unacceptable and will result in lower show placing but not disqualification. Examples: broken toenails, cheek spots to large, and poor tail carriage.
Fine Coat - The condition of a coat that is too fine in texture and lacking body. Guard hairs are too weak and thin in structure, similar to hairs making up the undercoat.
Flabby - The condition of a rabbit when the flesh or fur hangs loosely. Not trim and shapely.
Flank - The sides of the rabbit between the ribs and hips and above the belly.
Flat Coat - The condition of a coat that lies flat or close to the body, lacking spring or body. Fine coat coupled with lack of density.
Fly Back - The property of fur that causes it to return quickly to its normal position when stroked toward the head of the rabbit.
Flying Coat - The condition of a coat that is loose and fluffy, caused by undue length and thinness of under wool and weak guard hairs.
Foot - The part of the leg on which the rabbit stands. On the foreleg, that portion below the ankle or pattern. On the rear leg, that portion below the hock joint.
Forehead - The front part of the head between the eyes and the base of the ears.
Foreign Color - Any color of fur, eyes, or nails that is different from the prescribed standard of perfection for the breed or variety.
Four Class Rabbits - Rabbit show category for all breeds having ideal adult weight under 9 pounds. There are four show classes for these rabbits: senior bucks, senior does, junior bucks, and junior does.
Genotype - The genetically inherited characteristics and potential of the rabbit stock.
Gestation - The period of time that a doe carries young in its uterus. Pregnancy. Normal length is 28-32 days.
Glossy - The reflection of luster or brightness from naturally healthy fur in rabbits. Improved by grooming.
Guard Hair - The longer coarser hair of the coat, offering protection to the undercoat and providing wearing quality and sheen to the coat.
Hairline - A narrow white line running between the ears, connecting the blaze and collar on the Dutch.
Hindquarters - The after-portion or posterior section of the body, made up of loins, hips, hind legs, and rump.
Hip - The thigh joint and large, muscular first joint of the hind leg.
Hock - The middle joint or section of the hind leg between the foot and hip.
Hog Fat - The condition of a rabbit obviously over-fattened and, as a result, out of proportion to the true type of the breed.
Hump Back - The condition of having a hump or protrusion on the back, marring a gracefully arched outline.
Inbreeding - A breeding program involving the mating of closely related rabbit stock, such as brother and sister.
Inherited - The degree to which a trait or characteristic is passed on from a parent to offspring.
Inner Ear - The concave (curved inward) portion of the ear.
Intermediate - A show class term referring to rabbits that are at least 6 months old and no older than 8 months and that fulfill the weight requirements of the breed.
Inventory - A list of everything on hand that is necessary to the project. A beginning inventory is taken at the start of a project year. An ending inventory is taken at the close of a project year.
Junior - A show class term referring to rabbits that are under 6 months of age and that fulfill the weight requirements of the breed.
Kindling - The process of giving birth to kits.
Kit - Baby rabbit.
Knee - The second joint of the leg, connecting the thigh and leg. In animals, more properly called the "hock". The second joint of the foreleg is the elbow.
Knock Kneed - See Cow Hocks.
Lapin - French word for rabbit. Also, in the fur trade, it is dyed rabbit fur.
Lazy Tail - A tail that is slow to assume its normal position when it is moved.
Linebreeding - A breeding program involving the mating of rabbits that are both descended from the same animal but are related several generations back. For example: mating first cousins, uncle to niece, or aunt to nephew.
Litter - Young rabbits of a doe born at the same time.
Live Weight - The weight of a rabbit before it is dressed for market.
Loin - The part of the back on either side of the spine and between the lower rib and hip joint.
Loose Coat - The condition of fur lacking density in the undercoat, coupled usually with fine guard hairs and resulting in lack of texture. Does not indicate a slipping coat.
Lopped Ear - Pendulous ear. Not carried erect. Falling to the side or front.
Luster - Brightness and brilliance of fur.
Malocclusion - An inherited defect where the upper and lower jaws do not let the teeth meet, resulting in long, uneven teeth extending out of the rabbit's mouth.
Mandolin - The body of the rabbit is pear shaped, having the appearance of a mandolin laid face down. Back and saddle arch toward loins to make noticeably large, broad hindquarters.
Marked - A rabbit's fur usually white, which is broken up by an orderly placement of another color. Also refers to rabbits that carry the pattern of the Tan variety.
Massive - A term meaning bulky and heavy. Ponderous or large.
Meaty - The quality of being able to carry a large proportion of meat for the size and type of rabbit. A noticeable meatiness at the forequarters, back, saddle, loins, and haunches.
Molt (Moult) - The process of shedding or changing the fur twice each year. The baby or nest fur is molted at two months. The first natural coat of fur is fully developed at 4 to 6 months.
Muzzle - The projecting portion of the head surrounding the mouth, nose, and lower jaw.
Neck - That part of the rabbit connecting the head and body.
Nest Box - A kindling box inside the hutch or cage hole where the kits are born and live for the first 18 to 21 days.
Off-Colored - Applied to several hairs or patches of fur foreign to the standard color of the rabbit.
Open Coat - See Loose Coat.
Outbreeding - A breeding program involving the mating of unrelated rabbits of the same breed.
Pair - A male and a female rabbit.
Palpation - A method of examining by touch used to determine if a doe is pregnant and will bear young.
Patches - Small sections of fur with a color foreign to the standard of the rabbit.
Paunch - The prominent portion of the abdomen of the rabbit.
Pedigree - A written chart of the male and female ancestors of a rabbit, showing the date of birth and the parents, grandparents, and great grandparents of the rabbit.
Pelage - The fur coat or covering.
Pepper and Salt - A flat, unattractive appearance of black and white ticking.
Phenotype - The appearance of the individual rabbit.
Poor Coat - A term describing fur that is not in good condition through molting, rust, poor grooming, or ill health of the rabbit.
Processing - The process of killing and preparing a rabbit for market.
Rabbit - A domesticated lagamorph of the genus Orctolagus Cuniculus.
Rabbitry - A rabbit-raising enterprise or a place where domestic rabbits are kept.
Racy - A term meaning slim, trim, slender in body and legs, harelike, alert, and active.
Registration - The process of certifying that a rabbit meets the qualifications established by the ARBA for that breed and has a three-generation pedigree (see above). Requires examination by a licensed registrar.
Ribs - The curved portions of the sides immediately back of the shoulders and above the belly.
Rump - The hind portion of the back and bones.
Rust - A reddish-brown coloration of fur, usually appearing on the side, flanks, or feet of rabbits, having the appearance of iron rust and being foreign to the standard color. Rust usually appears in American Blues, Black Havanas, and Lilacs. May be caused by fading through over-exposure to the sunlight, dirty hutches, or dead hair about to molt.
Saddle - The rounded, intermediate portion of the back between the shoulder and loin.
Sandy - The color of sand, as in sand-gray Flemish Giants. Gray with reddish brown cast interspersed with dark guard hairs.
Screw Tail - A tail that is twisted. A corkscrew tail has more than one turn and is a disqualification.
Self or Self-Colored - The condition of having the same-colored fur over the entire head, legs, body, and tail. Not having ticking, agouti hair pattern, or shadings.
Senior - A show class term referring to rabbits that fulfill the weight requirements of the breed and that are:
6 months of age and older in those breeds having two show classes (Junior and Senior) or
8 months of age and older in those breeds having three show classes (Junior, Intermediate, and Senior).
Service - The mating act of the buck with the doe.
Shadow Bars - Weakness of self-color in the fur of both fore and hind feet, appearing in the form of white or lighter colored bars running across the feet. Acts as a severe cut or penalty in scoring. Occurs more often in the agouti breeds than in selfs.
Shoulder - The uppermost joint of the foreleg, connecting it with the body.
Silvered - A term describing an abundance of silver-white or sliver-tipped guard hairs interspersed through the fur that produces a lustrous silvery appearance.
Six Class Rabbits - Rabbit show category for all breeds having ideal senior weight of 9 pounds and over. There are six show classes for these rabbits: senior bucks, senior does, intermediate bucks, intermediate does, junior bucks and junior does.
Slipping Coat - A coat that is shedding or molting a profusion of hairs.
Slobbers - Excessive salivation creating wet or extremely moist and unsightly fur around the mouth and lower jaw and forelegs.
Smut - A term describing slate grey fur that is foreign to the standard color for the breed. Example: Creme D'Argent.
Snaky - A term describing the slender, narrow body that is typical of the Himalayan.
Snipey - A term describing a narrow and elongated head, with an appearance of undue leanness.
Solid-Colored - The condition of having the same color uniformity over the entire animal, not mixed with any color. Having no markings or shadings.
Sport - A rabbit not true to the characteristic markings of its breed. Examples: English Spots, Rhinelanders, or Checkered Giants lacking white color.
Spraddled Legs - A term describing forefeet bowed outward when viewed from the front. Knock-kneed. Hind feet not set parallel with the body. Turned outward from the hock joint.
Stocky - A term meaning compact, stout, and cobby.
Stops - In the Dutch, the white part of the hind foot extending upward from toes and ending abruptly about one third of the way to the hocks.
Strain - A race or stock of rabbits in any standard breed of the same family blood, having the quality of reproducing marked racial characteristics.
Stringy - The quality of having a ropy or sinewy finish, noticeable in the larger breeds of rabbits if not properly fattened for market.
Sway Back - The condition of having a distinct fall or scoop in that portion of the back between the shoulders and hindquarters, as distinguished from a gradually arching back.
Sweep - An unbroken flow of designated markings. There should be no gaps or congested areas.
Symmetry - A harmonious proportion of head, ears, legs, and body structure conforming to the standard type of the breed represented.
Tail Carriage - The way in which a rabbit carries its tail. A tail being carried to one side or the other has poor tail carriage.
Tattoo - A code punched in the ear as a permanent method of identification.
Texture - The character of fur as determined by feel or touch, such as "fine" or "coarse" texture.
Ticking - A wavy distribution of longer guard hair throughout the fur. Ticking is usually produced by black-tipped guard hairs and adds to the beauty of the fur. Examples: Chinchillas, Flemish Giants, and Belgian Hares.
Trio - One buck and two does.
Tucked Up - The trim appearance of a Belgian Hare, with rounded body and breast and belly gathered in closely to form an arch when the rabbit is sitting.
Type - A term used to denote body conformation of a rabbit or shape of a particular part of a rabbit, as in "head type". The general description of the physical makeup of the rabbit.
Typical - A term describing an ideal representative of any given breed or variety as applied to type, color, or fur quality.
Under Color - The base of the fur shaft. Shaft next to the skin. Not the belly fur of the rabbit.
Uterus - Organ in the doe in which developing kits are contained and nourished before birth. Also called the womb.
Variety - A subdivision of any recognized standard breed, distinct in color of fur from other subdivisions.
Wall Eyes (Moon Eyes) - The condition of having a milky film over the cornea or appearance similar to a moonstone. Colored eyes having an extremely light iris, giving the eye a glazed appearance.
Weaning - The process by which young rabbits become independent of the doe for their nourishment. A young rabbit is weaned when it is between 4 and 8 weeks old, depending on the breeding schedule used and the breed of rabbit.
Wolf Teeth - Protruding or elongated teeth in the upper and lower jaw caused by improper alignment of the upper and lower front teeth preventing normal eating action.
Wool - A term describing the fur of Angora rabbits. The guard hairs and under-fur being 2-1/2 to 5 inches long and resembling fine wool in texture.
Wry Tail - Abnormally bent, curled, or twisted tail. Permanently held to one side. A disqualification for a rabbit.
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